20APR11

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Births for April 20


  • 121 Marcus Aurelius, 16th Roman emperor (161-80), philosopher
  • 1442 Edward IV, King (England, 1461-83)
  • 1494 John Agricola (Schneider), German theologist/prime minister
  • 1726 Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian earl/general/cartographer
  • 1745 Philippe Pinel, physician, founder of psychiatry
  • 1808 Louis-Napoleon (Napoleon III), emperor of France (1852-71)
  • 1809 John Smith Preston, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1881
  • 1824 Alfred Holt Colquitt, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1894
  • 1827 John Gibbon, Major General (Union volunteers), died in 1896
  • 1839 Carol I, King of Romania (1881-1914)
  • 1850 Daniel Chester French/American sculptor (Minute Man)
  • 1871 William Henry Davies, Wales, poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp)
  • 1879 Robert Lynd, Irish writer/critic (Pleasures of Ignorance)
  • 1881 Nikolai Miaskovsky, Novogeorievsk Poland, composer (Kirov is With Us)
  • 1881 Sem Dresden, composer/conductor
  • 1889 Adolph Hitler, Braunau Austria, dictator of Nazi Germany (1936-45)
  • 1890 Adolf Sch„rf, president Austria
  • 1893 Harold Lloyd, Burchard Neb, silent comic (Why Worry, Safety Last)
  • 1893 Joan Mir¢, Spain, painter/sculptor (Dog Barking at the Moon)
  • 1894 Martinus Nijhoff, poet/interpreter/linguistic (spelling)
  • 1897 Bernard Verhoeven, poet/literature (About the Laugh)
  • 1901 Michel Levis, French cultural anthropologist
  • 1903 Dagmar Edqvist, Swedish author (Kamrathustru-Wife & Comrade)
  • 1904 Bruce Cabot, Carlsbad NM, actor (Diamonds are Forever, King Kong)
  • 1907 William Dollar, St Louis, ballet dancer/choreographer
  • 1908 Wilhelmus M Bekkers, bishop of Hertogenbosch
  • 1909 Lionel Hampton, orchestra leader/vibraphone improviser
  • 1910 Robert F Wagner, (Mayor-D-NYC, 1954-65)
  • 1912 Ed Jones, (Rep-D-TN, 1969- )
  • 1912 Soewarsil Djojopoespito, Indonesia, writer (Toe the Line)
  • 1920 John Paul Stevens, Illinois, 103rd Supreme Court Justice (1975- )
  • 1923 Tito Puente, Puerto Rico, bandleader (Dance Mania)
  • 1924 Nina Foch, Leiden Netherlands, actress (American in Paris)
  • 1925 Ernie Stautner, NFL defensive tackle (Pitts Steelers)
  • 1927 Karl Mller, Switzerland, superconductivity physicist (Nobel 1987)
  • 1929 Bob Braun, Ludlow Ky, singer (Dotty Mack Show)
  • 1931 Lee H Hamilton, Daytona Beach Fla, (Rep-D-Ind, 1965- )
  • 1936 Pat Roberts, (Rep-R-KS, 1981- )
  • 1938 Bernard Malivoire, France, cox pair (Olympic-gold-1952)
  • 1938 Betty Cuthbert, Australia 100m/200m/400m dash (Olympic-gold-1956, 64)
  • 1938 Johnny Tillotson, Jacksonville Fla, singer (Gidget, Poetry in Motion)
  • 1940 George Takei, LA Calif, actor (Sulu-Star Trek, Green Berets)
  • 1940 John Cremer, writer/sculptor (I, John Cremer)
  • 1941 Joni Evans, NYC, publisher (Simon & Schuster, Random House)
  • 1941 Ryan O'Neal, LA Calif, actor (Peyton Place, Paper Moon, Love Story)
  • 1943 Ian Watson, UK, sci-fi author (Book of Being, Whores of Babylon)
  • 1943 Michael Greer, Galesburg Ill, actor (Bobby Gentry Show)
  • 1945 Jimmy Winston, organist (Samll Facres-Itchycoo Park)
  • 1948 Craig Frost, keyboardist (Grand Funk Railroad-Some Kind of Wonderful)
  • 1949 Jessica Lange, Cloquet Minnesota, actress (King Kong, Tootsie)
  • 1951 Luther Vandross, rock vocalist (On the Wings of Love)
  • 1952 Tamara S Zakharova, Russia, cosmonaut
  • 1957 Richenel, (Hubertus R Baars), singer/perforner (Turn my page)
  • 1959 Clint Howard, Burbank Calif, actor (Gentle Ben)
  • 1961 Don "Hitman" Mattingly, Indiana, NY Yankee 1st baseman (MVP 1985)
  • 1963 Brett Edward Garsed, Victoria Australia, heavy metal artist (Nelson)
  • 1963 Kal Swan, heavy metal rocker
  • 1967 J D Roth, Beverly Hills Calif, TV host (Fun House)
  • 1967 Lara Jill Miller, Allentown Pa, actress (Samantha-Gimme a Break)
  • 1975 Joey Lawrence, Phila Pa, actor (Joey-Gimme a Break, Summer Rental)
  • 1977 Lisa Ervin, figure skater (US Nationals-4th-1992)


Passings for April 20


  • 1164 Victor IV, (Ottaviano Montecello), Italian antipope (1159-64), dies
  • 1314 Clement V, (Bertrand the Got), pope (1305-14) moved papacy to Avignon
  • 1317 Agnes van Montepulciano, Italian mystic/saint, dies
  • 1534 Elizabeth Barton, (St Magd van Kent), British prophet, dies
  • 1632 Nicolas Antione, converted to Judiasm, burned at the stake
  • 1662 Gerard Terborch, the elder, painter, dies
  • 1786 John Goodricke, English deaf & dumb astronomer, dies at 21
  • 1812 George Clinton, 4th US VP, dies at 73 1st VP to, die in office
  • 1820 Arthur Young, author (Annals of Agriculture)
  • 1821 Franz K Achard, German physicist/chemist, dies
  • 1899 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney/comedian (voice o—), dies at 64
  • 1900 Mebel Mercer, popular singer of England
  • 1906 Australian wombat, dies in London Zoo at 26; oldest known marsupial
  • 1912 Bram Stoker, Irish theater manager/writer (Dracula), dies
  • 1935 Juliaan de Vriendt, Flemish painter, dies at 92
  • 1947 Christian X, king of Denmark (1912-47), dies
  • 1956 Jaap Vranken, organist/composer (Stabat mater), dies
  • 1962 Jesse G Vincent, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine, dies at 82
  • 1965 Richard Wessell, actor (Carney-Riverboat), dies at 54
  • 1974 Agnes Moorehead, actress (Endora-Bewitched), dies at 67
  • 1974 Mohammed Ayub Khan, premier/president (Pakistan), dies
  • 1979 Peter Donald, host (Masquerade Party), dies at 60
  • 1982 Archibald MacLeish, US, lawyer/writer (Conquistador), dies at 89
  • 1982 Mimi Boesnach, actress (The wedding of Kloris & Roses), dies at 82
  • 1984 Mabel Mercer, English/US singer (Fly me to the moon), dies at 84
  • 1987 Antony Tudor, dancer/choreographer (Amer Ballet Theater) dies at 78
  • 1991 Don(ald) Siegel, US director (Coogan's bluff/Dirty Harry), dies
  • 1991 Jumjaagiyn Tsedenbal, Mongolian politcian, dies
  • 1991 Sean O'Faolain, (John Whelan), Irish writer (Nest of Simple), dies
  • 1991 Steve Marriott, England, rocker (Humble Pie/All or nothing), dies
  • 1992 Benny Hill, comedian (Benny Hill Show), dies of a heart attack at 67
  • 1992 Johnny Shines, Delta blues singer/guitarist, dies at 76


Special events for April 20


  • 295 8th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
  • 1139 2nd Lateran Council (10th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
  • 1505 Jews are expelled from Orange Burgandy by Philibert of Luxembourg
  • 1770 Capt Cook arrives in New South Wales
  • 1775 British begin siege of Boston
  • 1777 New York adopts new constitution as an independent state
  • 1792 France declares war on Austria, Prussia & Sardinia
  • 1799 Napoleon issues a decree calling for establishing Jerusalem for Jews
  • 1809 Napolean I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
  • 1836 Territory of Wisconsin created
  • 1841 1st detective story (Poe's "Murders in Rue Morgue") published
  • 1853 Harriet Tubman starts Underground Railroad
  • 1861 Battle of Norfolk, VA
  • 1861 Robert E Lee resigns from Union army
  • 1871 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
  • 1872 SF Bar Association organized
  • 1879 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
  • 1884 Pope Leo XIII encyclical "On Freemasonry"
  • 1888 246 reported killed by hail in Moradabad, India
  • 1894 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase
  • 1898 US Assay Office in Deadwood, South Dakota opens
  • 1902 Marie & Pierre Curie isolate radioactive element radium
  • 1903 R S Dugan discovers asteroid #508 Princetonia
  • 1904 Louisiana Purchase Exposition opens in St Louis
  • 1904 M Wolf discovers asteroid #532 Herculina
  • 1910 Cleve Indians Addie Joss 2nd no-hitter, beats Chicago, 1-0
  • 1910 Halley's Comet passes 29th recorded perihelion at 87.9 million km
  • 1912 Fenway Park officially opens, Red Sox beat NY Highlanders 7-6 in 11
  • 1912 Tiger Stadium in Detroit opens
  • 1914 33 killed by soldiers during mine strike in Ludlow, Colo
  • 1914 F Kaiser discovers asteroid #786 Bredichina
  • 1914 G Neujmin discovers asteroid #787 Moskva
  • 1916 German-British sea battle off Belgian coast
  • 1916 Wrigley Field in Chicago opens
  • 1917 Pravda (Lenin names Russia "Free land of world")
  • 1919 Polish Army captures Vilno, Lithuania from Soviet Army
  • 1920 7th modern Olympic games opens in Antwerp
  • 1920 Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate
  • 1920 Big Show ends 2 year run on NBC radio
  • 1920 Tornadoes kill 219 in Alabama & Mississippi
  • 1926 1st check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic
  • 1931 British House of Commons agrees for sports play on Sunday
  • 1934 Heinrich Himmler becomes inspector Prussian secret state police
  • 1935 "You're Hit Parade" begins broadcasting (becomes #1 quickly)
  • 1936 Jews repell an Arab attack in Petach Tikvah Palestine
  • 1939 New York World's Fair opens
  • 1939 Ted Williams' 1st hit (off of Yankee Red Ruffing) a double
  • 1940 1st electron microscope demonstrated (RCA), Philadelphia, Pa
  • 1941 100 German bombers attack Athens
  • 1942 German occupiers forbids Dutch access to their beach
  • 1942 Heavy German assault on Malta
  • 1944 Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter John Postma sentence to deat
  • 1944 NFL leagalizes coaching from bench
  • 1945 Okinawa Schiereiland Motobu conquer
  • 1945 Soviet troops enter Berlin
  • 1945 US 7th army captured German city of Nuremberg
  • 1946 1st baseball broadcast in Chicago, Cards vs Cubs
  • 1948 Walter P Reuther UAW pres shot & wounded at his home in Detroit
  • 1949 Jockey Bill Shoemaker wins his 1st race, in Albany, California
  • 1950 Balt's Memorial Stadium opens - Orioles of International League
  • 1950 R C Cameron discovers asteroid #1575 Winifred
  • 1957 John Kelley, 1st American since 1945, wins Boston Marathon
  • 1957 Yankee Bill Skowron becomes 3rd player to hit a ball out of Fenway
  • 1958 Buses replace Key System trains at 3 AM
  • 1958 Montreal Canadiens beat Boston Bruins 4 games to 2 for Stanley Cup
  • 1958 Morocco demands departure of Spanish troops
  • 1961 American Harold Graham makes 1st rocket belt flight
  • 1962 NASA civilian pilot Neil A Armstrong takes X-15 to 63,250 m
  • 1962 New Orleans Citizens Co gives free 1-way ride to blacks to move North
  • 1962 OAS-leader ex-general Salan arrested in Algiers
  • 1964 86% of black students boycott Cleveland schools
  • 1966 WDCA TV channel 20 in Washington, DC (IND) begins broadcasting
  • 1967 NY Met Tom Seavers 1st victory, beating Cubs, 6-1
  • 1967 US Surveyor 3 lands on Moon
  • 1967 US planes bomb Haiphong for 1st time during Vietnam War
  • 1968 Pierre Elliott Trudeau sworn-in as Canada's PM
  • 1970 Ron Hill's 2:10:30 at Boston, sets new US marathon record
  • 1971 Barbra Striesand records "We've Only Just Begun"
  • 1971 US Supreme Court upholds use of busing to achieve racial desegregatio
  • 1972 Apollo 16's Young & Duke land on Moon with Boeing Lunar Rover #2
  • 1973 Canadian ANIK A2 becomes 1st commercial satellite in orbit
  • 1974 Paul McCartney releases "Band on the Run"
  • 1975 Penguins 1-Isles 3-Quarterfinals-Penguins hold 3-1 lead
  • 1976 George Harrison sings lumberjack song with Monty Python
  • 1977 A R Klemola discovers asteroid #2261
  • 1977 Supreme Court rules "Live Free or Die" may be covered on NH licenses
  • 1977 Woody Allen's film "Annie Hall" premiers
  • 1978 Korean Airlines flight 007 shot down by Soviets in Russian airspace
  • 1980 Cubans begin to arrive in US from Mariel boatlift
  • 1981 Final performance of TV show "Soap" airs
  • 1981 Rocker Papa John Phillips arrested for drug possession
  • 1983 Pres Reagan signs a $165B bail out for Social Security
  • 1983 Rangers 2-Isles 7-Patrick Div Finals-Isles hold 3-2 lead
  • 1983 Soyuz T-8 launched; mission aborted when capsule fails to dock
  • 1985 Karyn Marshall of NYC lifted 303 lbs in a clean-and-jerk lift
  • 1986 Michael Johnson sets NBA playoff record with 63 points in a game
  • 1986 Vladimir Horowitz performs in his Russian homeland
  • 1987 Toshihko Seko & Rosa Mota win Boston Marathon
  • 1987 US deports Karl Linnas, charged with nazi war crimes, to USSR
  • 1988 Balt Orioles worst record to start a season 0-14 (will go 0-21)
  • 1988 NJ Devils 1st playoff hat trick-Eric Broten
  • 1991 1st non stop flight Schiphol-Flamingo airport Bonaire
  • 1991 Raghib "Rocket" Ismael signs with Toronto Argonauts for $26.2 million
  • 1992 100th episode of "Murphy Brown" airs
  • 1992 All star concert in memory of Freddie Mercury held at Wembley Stadium
  • 1992 Expo '92 opens in Seville Spain
  • 1992 Madonna signs $60-million deal with Time Warner
  • 1993 Uranus passes Neptune (once every 171 years)


Songs for date April 20


  • 04/20/44 --- It's Love-Love-Love (King Sisters)
  • 04/20/44 --- I Love You (Stafford, Jo)
  • 04/20/57 --- School Day (Berry, Chuck)
  • 04/20/57 --- Love Is A Golden Ring (Laine, Frankie)
  • 04/20/63 --- Reverend Mr. Black (Kingston Trio)
  • 04/20/63 --- Losing You (Lee, Brenda)
  • 04/20/63 --- If You Wanna Be Happy (Soul, Jimmy)
  • 04/20/63 --- Foolish Little Girl (Shirelles)
  • 04/20/68 --- Beautiful Morning, A (Rascals)
  • 04/20/74 --- Entertainer, The (Hamlisch, Marvin)
  • 04/20/74 --- Help Me (Mitchell, Joni)
  • 04/20/74 --- Oh Very Young (Stevens, Cat)
  • 04/20/85 --- Fresh (Kool & The Gang)
  • 04/20/85 --- Walking On Sunshine (Katrina & The Waves)
  • 04/20/85 --- Things Can Only Get Better (Jones, Howard)
  • 04/20/91 --- Love Is A Wonderful Thing (Bolton, Michael)
  • 04/20/91 --- Losing My Religion (Rem)
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