21JAN11

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Births for January 21


  • 1338 Charles V (the Wise), king of France (1364-80)
  • 1743 John Fitch, inventor (had a working steamboat years before Fulton)
  • 1746 Johann H Pestalozzi, Zurich Switz, educator (Leonard & Gertrude)
  • 1813 John C Fr‚mont, (Pathfinder), map maker/explorer (western US)/Gov (AZ
  • 1815 Horace Wells, dentist (pioneered use of medical anethesia)
  • 1821 John Cabell Breckinridge, (D) 14th US VP (1857-61)/mjr-gen (Confed)
  • 1824 Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson, Lt Gen 2nd Corps (ANV, Confed)
  • 1829 Oscar II Frederik, King of Sweden (1872-1907)/Norway (-1905)/poet
  • 1833 Norman Willis, union leader (Britain's Trades Union Congress)
  • 1840 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, pioneer English woman physician
  • 1855 Ernest Chausson, Paris, composer (Pome for Violin & Orchestra)
  • 1855 John M Browning, US, weapons manufacturer
  • 1867 Maxime Weygard, French general
  • 1872 Jonkhr Frans Beelaerts van Blokland, Dutch foreign minister
  • 1875 Paul E Kahle, Germany, professor of oriental studies
  • 1878 Egon Friedell, Austria, journalist/actor/writer (Der Partylowe)
  • 1883 Olav Aukrust, Norway, poet
  • 1884 Katie Sandwina, Germany, legendary woman weight-lifter
  • 1884 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • 1885 Umberto Nobile, Italian general
  • 1886 Gustaaf Juice, Belgian minister of Finance
  • 1887 Wolfgang K”hler, Gestalt psychologist (The Mentality of Apes)
  • 1897 J Carrol Naish, NYC, actor (Charlie Chan-Adv of Charlie Chan)
  • 1898 John George, Syria, actor (Kolb-Adventures of Fu Manchu)
  • 1904 Richard P Blackmur, Mass, critic/poet (Good Europeans)
  • 1905 Christian Dior, Normandy France, fashion designer (long-skirted look)
  • 1908 Bengt Str”mgren, G”teborg Sweden, astrophysicist (studied gas cloud)
  • 1912 Konrad Bloch, Germany, biochemist (studied cholesterol-Nobel 1964)
  • 1915 Alan Hewitt, NYC, actor (Det Brennan-My Favorite Martian)
  • 1919 Jinx Falkenburg, Barcelona Spain, actress (Masquerade Party)
  • 1920 Errol Walton Barrow, PM of Barbados (DLP) (1966-76, 1986- )
  • 1921 Barney Clark, 1st to receive a permanent artificial heart
  • 1921 John Doucette, Brockton Mass, actor (Lock Up, Big Town)
  • 1922 1st slalom ski race run, Mrren, Switzerland
  • 1922 Jean P Vroom, sculptor
  • 1922 Paul Scofield, British actor (Man for All Seasons, Train)
  • 1924 Benny Hill, Southampton England, comedian (Benny Hill Show)
  • 1924 Telly Savalas, Garden City NJ, actor (Acapulco, Kojak)
  • 1926 Franco Evangelisti, Italian composer
  • 1926 Paul Burke, New Orleans La, actor (Neal-Dynasty)
  • 1926 Raf Reymen, Flemish actor
  • 1926 Steve Reeves, Montana, actor (Hercules, Hercules Unchained)
  • 1932 Boris Shakhlin, Russia, gymnast (Olympic-gold-1956-60-64)
  • 1933 Itzhak Fuks, captain
  • 1935 Ann Wedgeworth, Abilene Tx, actress (Tiger's Tale, Men's Club, Bogie)
  • 1939 Mary Ellen McAnally, Illinois, poet (Dance of the Zygotes)
  • 1939 Wolfman Jack, (Bob Smith), Bkln NY, DJ (Midnight Special)
  • 1940 Jack Nicklaus, Columbus Ohio, golfer (Player of Yr 1967,72,73,75,76)
  • 1941 Edwin Starr, rocker
  • 1941 Placido Domingo, Madrid Spain, opera tenor (Pinkerton-Mme Butterfly)
  • 1941 Richie Havens, Bkln, folk singer (Here Comes the Sun)
  • 1942 Mac Davis, Lubbock Tx, singer/actor (Mac Davis Show, North Dallas 40)
  • 1945 Andrew Stein, pres of NYC council (D)
  • 1945 Chris Britton, rocker (Troggs-Rock & Roll Goldmine)
  • 1946 Vincent Placoly, Martinique, writer (L'eau-de-mort guildive)
  • 1947 Jill Eikenberry, New Haven Ct, (Ann Kelsey-LA Law, Manhattan Project)
  • 1950 Billy Ocean, Trinidad, singer (Suddenly, Caribbean Queen)
  • 1950 Joseph R Tanner, Danville Ill, astronaut
  • 1955 Peter Fleming, NJ, tennis player (US Open Doubles 1979, 81, 83)
  • 1955 Robby Benson, Dallas Tx, actor (One on One, Running Brave, Chosen)
  • 1956 Bob Brill, NYC, drummer (Berlin-You Take My Breath Away)
  • 1957 Geena (Virginia) Davis, Wareham Mass, actress (Beetlejuice, Fly)
  • 1957 Jacob Green, NFL defensive end (Seattle Seahawk)
  • 1958 Miguel Alejandro, NYC, actor (Popi)
  • 1961 Gabrielle Carteris, Phoenix Az, actress (Andrea-Beverly Hills 90210)
  • 1961 Sherry Ramsay, Stauton Va, actress (Trish Mason-As the World Turns)
  • 1966 Katrine Michelsen, Gentokte Denmark, Miss Denmark 1984
  • 1967 Willem Royaards, theater director (Summer olympics)
  • 1968 Charlotte Ross, Chicago, actress (Eve-Days of Our Lives)
  • 1971 Tommy Puett, Gary Ind, actor (Tyler-Life Goes On, America's Top 10)


Passings for January 21


  • 1118 Paschalis II, (Raniero), pope (1099-1118), dies
  • 1609 Joseph Justus Scaliger, French inventor of "Julian Period", dies
  • 1626 John Dowland, English musician/lyric poet, dies at about 63
  • 1665 Pierre de Fermat, French mathematician (Fermat thesis), dies at 24
  • 1686 Nicolas-Fran‡ois Blondel, French architect, dies
  • 1774 Moestafa III, sultan (Turkey), dies at 56
  • 1793 Louis XVI, French king (1774-93), beheaded by French revolutionaries
  • 1892 John Couch Adams, English co-discoverer of Neptune, dies
  • 1903 Hermanus J A M Schaepman, clergyman/politician, dies
  • 1924 Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov Lenin, Russian leader, dies of a stroke at 54
  • 1926 Camillo Golgi, Italian medical research (malaria, Nobel 1906), dies
  • 1950 George Orwell, author (Animal Farm, 1984), dies in London at 46
  • 1955 Maarten P Vrij, lawyer/criminologist/member High Council, dies
  • 1957 Arthur L Bowley, English statisician/economist, dies at 87
  • 1959 Cecil B(lount) de Mille, producer (10 Commandments), dies at 77
  • 1961 Blaise Cendrars, Swiss/French poet (J'ai tu‚), dies at 73
  • 1965 Harvey Zorbaugh, doctor/TV host (Play the Game), dies at 68
  • 1967 Ann Sheridan, actress (Pistols 'n' Petticoats), dies at 51
  • 1971 Richard B Russell, (Sen-D-Ga), dies at 73
  • 1974 Lewis L Strauss, head US Atomic Energy Comm (1953-58), dies at 78
  • 1981 Allyn Joslyn, actor (They Won't Forget, Cafe Society), dies at 79
  • 1991 Howard "Red" Grange, football's galloping ghost, dies at 87
  • 1991 Richard Bolling, US civil-rights leader, dies
  • 1992 William T "Champion Jack" Dupree, US boxer/pianist, dies


Special events for January 21


  • 1276 Pierre the Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V
  • 1542 Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
  • 1604 Tsar Ivan IV defeats the False Dmitri, who claims to be the true tsar
  • 1677 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston
  • 1789 1st American novel, WH Brown's "The Power of Sympathy," is published
  • 1799 Edward Jenner's smallpox vaccination is introduced
  • 1813 Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
  • 1818 Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
  • 1824 Ashantees defeat British at Accra, West Africa
  • 1827 Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing
  • 1830 Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
  • 1853 Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
  • 1861 Jefferson Davis of Mississippi & 4 other southern senators resign
  • 1863 City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
  • 1880 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis
  • 1887 Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
  • 1890 1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
  • 1893 A Charlois discovers asteroid #356 Liguria
  • 1907 Kenora Thistles sweep Mont Wanderers in 2 for the Stanley Cup
  • 1908 NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
  • 1910 British-Russian military intervention in Persia
  • 1913 Aristide Briand forms French cabinet
  • 1915 Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
  • 1919 Sinn Fein proclaims parliament of Free Ireland
  • 1925 Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe pres
  • 1925 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #1382 Gerti
  • 1926 Belgian Chamber chooses seal of Locarno Switzerland
  • 1927 1st national opera broadcast from a US opera house (Faust, Chicago)
  • 1932 USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty
  • 1935 30.5 cm precipitation/radioactive at Quinault RS, Washington
  • 1935 The Wilderness Society forms
  • 1935 WFI-AM in Philadelphia Penn merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
  • 1938 Dutch govt starts obligatory unemployment insurance
  • 1941 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX
  • 1941 Australia & Britian attack Tobroek Libya
  • 1942 Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
  • 1942 Japanese air raid on Rabaul New Britain
  • 1943 Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
  • 1945 British troops land on Ramree, near the coast of Burma
  • 1949 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
  • 1950 NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury
  • 1952 Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India
  • 1953 John Foster Dulles appointed as Secretary of State
  • 1954 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
  • 1954 Nautilus, 1st atomic powered submarine launched (Groton Conn)
  • 1956 William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of the New Yorker
  • 1957 KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
  • 1958 KMOT TV channel 10 in Minot, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1960 Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
  • 1960 Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook S Afr, 417 die of methane poisoning
  • 1961 KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, ID (NBC) begins broadcasting
  • 1961 Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
  • 1962 Snow falls in SF
  • 1964 Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency
  • 1966 Beatle George Harrison marries model Patti Boyd
  • 1968 US B-52 bombers with nuclear bomb crashes in Greenland
  • 1971 "Alias Smith & Jones" premiers on ABC TV
  • 1972 Assam's North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh terr
  • 1972 Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura become separate states of Indian union
  • 1972 Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory
  • 1973 3rd AFC-NFC pro bowl, AFC wins 33-28
  • 1973 Leslie Nielson appears on M*A*S*H in "Ringbanger"
  • 1974 Gold hits record $161.31 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London
  • 1976 Supersonic Concorde, 1st commercial flights, by Britain & France
  • 1977 Pres Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders
  • 1978 Bee Gees' "Saturday Night Fever" album goes #1 for 24 weeks
  • 1979 Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)
  • 1979 Steelers beat Cowboys (35-31), 1st team to win 3 Super Bowls (XIII)
  • 1980 Gold hits record $850 an ounce
  • 1980 Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89' 3" basketball field goal
  • 1981 Bernhard Goetz is assault for 1st time on a NY subway train
  • 1982 Islanders start NHL record 15 game win streak (15-0-0)
  • 1983 Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Appends
  • 1985 -19ø F (-28ø C), Caesar's Head, South Carolina (state record)
  • 1985 -34ø F (-37ø C), Mt Mitchell, North Carolina (state record)
  • 1985 Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr's career record of 270 NHL goals
  • 1986 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38ø F (3ø C), Indiana
  • 1987 BB King donates his 7,000 record collection to U of Mississippi
  • 1989 A woman is assaulted & raped in the room of an Ok football player
  • 1989 Wayne Gretsky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL's 2nd all time score
  • 1990 Bob Goodenow suceeds Alan Eagleson as NHL players assn exec director
  • 1993 Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6:38.77


Songs for date January 21


  • 01/21/43 --- Brazil (Cugat, Xavier)
  • 01/21/43 --- For Me And My Gal (Garland, Judy)
  • 01/21/43 --- I've Heard That Song Before (James, Harry)
  • 01/21/49 --- Cruising Down The River (Barron, Blue)
  • 01/21/67 --- Kind Of A Drag (Buckinghams)
  • 01/21/84 --- Nobody Told Me (Lennon, John)
  • 01/21/84 --- 99 Luftballons (Nena)
  • 01/21/84 --- Wrapped Around Your Finger (Police)
  • 01/21/84 --- Jump (Van Halen)
  • 01/21/89 --- Living Years, The (Mike + The Mechanics)
  • 01/21/89 --- Surrender To Me (Wilson, Ann)
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