23FEB11

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Births for February 23


  • 1417 Paul II, (Pietro Barbo), Italy, Pope (1464-71)
  • 1614 Jacob Col˜n(s), coat of arms painter
  • 1633 Samuel Pepys, English marine expert (Diary, Memoirs)
  • 1649 John Blow, composer of 1st English opera (Venus & Adonis) (baptized)
  • 1685 Georg Friedrich H„ndel, English/German organist/composer (De Messias)
  • 1744 Mayer Amschel Rothschild, founded House of Rothschild
  • 1776 John Walter II, manager of Times (London)
  • 1787 Emma Willard, US, opens school for young ladies (Hall of Fame)
  • 1792 Istvan Ferenczi, Hungarian sculptor
  • 1818 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • 1818 Jeremy Francis Gilmer, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1883
  • 1824 Lewis Cass Hunt, Brig General (Union volunteers), died in 1886
  • 1831 Hendrik W Mesdag, painter (Panorama Knife)
  • 1838 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brig General (Confederate Army), died in 1901
  • 1840 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • 1859 Theodor Batthy nyi, Hungarian statesman/contra revolutionary
  • 1865 Barney Dreyfuss, baseball owner (Pitts Pirates)
  • 1868 William E B Du Bois, Mass, civil rights writer (Souls of Black Folk)
  • 1874 Konstantin P„ts, Estonian PM (1921-23, 1932-33), dictator (1933-40)
  • 1875 Jozef E Stokvis, journalist/Dutch 2nd Chamber member (SDAP)
  • 1881 Titus (Anno S) Brandsma, philosopher
  • 1883 Karl Jaspers, German psychiatrist/existentialist philosopher
  • 1883 Victor Fleming, Pasadena Cal, director (Wizard of Oz, Gone With Wind)
  • 1889 Frederik M baron van Asbeck, lawyer (League of Nations)
  • 1904 Leopold Trepper, Polish/Israeli spy/founded (CP Palestina)
  • 1904 William L Shirer, historian (Rise & Fall of 3rd Reich)
  • 1908 William McMahon, PM of Australia (Liberal) (1971-72)
  • 1911 G Mennen Williams, Detroit, Sup Court Justice/(Gov-D-Mich, 1949-60)
  • 1913 Charles Leonard, US, pentathelete (Olympic-1936)
  • 1916 George Abel, Canada, ice hockey player (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1917 Kenneth Tobey, actor (Chuck-Whirlybirds)
  • 1920 Hall Overton, Bangor Michigan, composer (Enchanted Pear Tree)
  • 1925 Louis Stokes, (Rep-D-OH, 1969- )
  • 1926 Regine Crespin, French (actress?)
  • 1928 Vasili G Lazarev, cosmonaut (Soyuz 12, 18-1)
  • 1929 Elston Howard, Yankee catcher (1st black NY Yankee/1963 AL MVP)
  • 1930 Harry Boldt, German Fed Rep, equestrian dressage (Olympic-gold-1976)
  • 1930 Jef Geeraerts, Flemish writer (Black Venus)
  • 1930 Johnny Seven, NYC, actor (Ironside, Amy Prentiss)
  • 1933 Lee Quencey Calhoun, Laurel MS, 110m hurdler (Olympic-gold-1956, 60)
  • 1938 Diane Varsi, San Mateo Calif, actress (Peyton Place)
  • 1938 Sylvia Chase, St Paul Minn, newscaster (ABC Weekend News, 20/20)
  • 1939 Josef Feistmantl, Austria, lugeist (Olympic-gold-1964)
  • 1939 Majel Barrett, Columbus Ohio, actress (Christine Chapel-Star Trek)
  • 1940 Peter Fonda, actor (Easy Rider, Lilith, Wild Angels, Trip)
  • 1941 William Hj”rtsberg, NYC, writer (Gray Matters, Fallen Angel)
  • 1942 Beau Boulter, (Rep-R-TX, 1985- )
  • 1943 Fred Biletnikoff, NFL wide receiver (Oakland Raiders, Montral)
  • 1943 Jada Rowland, NYC, actress (Penny-Hamptons, Amy-Secret Storm)
  • 1944 Johnny Winter, (John Dawson), Leland Miss, guitarist (Silver Train)
  • 1946 Rusty Young, rock steel guitarist (Poco-Heat of the Night)
  • 1947 Shakira Caine, Guyana, actress (Man Who be King)/Miss Guyana (1967)
  • 1949 Anna-Maria Mller, German DR, Luge (Olympic-gold-1972)
  • 1949 Marc Garneau, Canada, astronaut (STS 13)
  • 1951 Ed "Too Tall" Jones, NFLer (Dallas Cowboys)
  • 1952 Brad Whitford, Mass, rock guitarist (Aerosmith-Jamie Got a Gun)
  • 1955 Howard Jones, rock vocalist (Things Can Only Get Better)
  • 1956 Maren Jensen, Glendale Cal, actress (Battlestar Galactica)
  • 1958 David Sylvian, vocal/guitar (Sylvian Sylvian, Japan-Adolescent Sex)
  • 1958 Ria Brieffies, singer (Dolly Dots)
  • 1960 Gloria von Thurm und Taxis, Munich German FR, Princess
  • 1962 Melinda Mays, Augusta Ga, playmate (Feb, 1983)
  • 1965 Helena Sukova, Czech, tennis player (1985 US Open's Double)
  • 1966 Marc Price, actor/comedian (Skippy-Family Ties)
  • 1971 Jason Keller, Scarsdale NY, actor (Jason-Out of the Blue)
  • 1971 Shane Keller, Scarsdale NY, actor (Shane-Out of the Blue)


Passings for February 23


  • 1447 Eugene IV, (Gabriele Condulmer), Italian Pope (1431-47), dies
  • 1554 Henry Grey, Duke of Suffolk, Lady Jane Grey's father, is executed
  • 1792 Joshua Reynolds, painter, dies
  • 1821 John Keats, Romantic poet, dies of tuberculosis at 25 in Rome
  • 1821 Marie-Anne Collot, French sculptor, dies
  • 1828 Mih ly Fazekar, Hungarian botanicus/literary (Book of Spices), dies
  • 1848 John Quincy Adams, 6th US pres (1825-1829), dies of a stroke at 80
  • 1915 Robert Smalls, Reconstruction congressman, dies at 75 in SC
  • 1922 Henri Landru, executed for having 11 wives, in France
  • 1930 Horst Wessel, German nazi writer (Die Fahne hoch), dies
  • 1931 Lady Nellie Melba, (Heal Mitchell), Australian soprano, dies
  • 1934 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard
  • 1934 Edward W Elgar, English composer/conductor (Coronation Ode), dies
  • 1935 Jan Duiker, architect (Hotel Gooiland), dies
  • 1942 Stefan Zweig, Austrian writer (Die Welt von Gestern), dies
  • 1955 Paul Claudel, French poet/song writer (L'otage), dies at 86
  • 1965 Stan Laurel, comedian (Laurel & Hardy), dies in Calif
  • 1968 Edna Ferber, US author (Giant, Showboat), dies at 80
  • 1968 Fannie Hurst, US author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
  • 1969 Abd al-Aziz,ibn Abd al-Rahman al-Faisal al-Saoed/King Saudia, dies
  • 1990 Annelien Kappeyne Van de Coppello, Dutch politician (Liberal), dies
  • 1990 James Gavin, commandant US 82nd Airborn Div (Normandy), dies at 82
  • 1990 Jos‚ Napoleon Duarte, president El Salvador, dies


Special events for February 23


  • 303 Emperor Diocletian orders general persecution of Christians
  • 1455 Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)
  • 1574 5th War of Religion breaks out in France
  • 1778 Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
  • 1804 Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
  • 1813 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
  • 1821 College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
  • 1822 Boston is incorporated as a city
  • 1836 Alamo besieged by Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
  • 1846 Polish revolutionaries march on Cracow, but are defeated
  • 1847 Battle of Buena Vista M‚xico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
  • 1852 "H M S Birkenhead" sinks off South Africa killing 420 troops
  • 1861 By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US
  • 1869 Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
  • 1870 Mississippi is readmitted to US
  • 1875 J Palisa discovers asteroid #143 Adria
  • 1883 Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
  • 1883 American Anti-Vivisection Society organized at Philadelphia
  • 1887 Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
  • 1887 French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
  • 1892 1st college student govt established, Bryn Mawr, Penn
  • 1895 M Wolf discovers asteroid #399 Persephone
  • 1895 William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
  • 1900 Steamer "Rio de Janiero" sinks in SF Bay
  • 1903 Cuban state of Guantanamo leased to USA
  • 1904 Control of Panama Canal Zone acquired by US for $10 million
  • 1905 Rotary Club International established by 4 men in Chicago
  • 1906 Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart for HW boxing champ in 20 rounds
  • 1909 Russian tsar Nicolas II disolves Finland
  • 1910 1st radio contest held, Philadelphia
  • 1913 F Kaiser discovers asteroid #742 Edisona
  • 1915 Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
  • 1916 Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
  • 1919 Mussolini finds Facist party of Italy
  • 1920 K Reinmuth discovers asteroid #928 Hildrun
  • 1921 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from SF
  • 1923 German Republic day with laws against worker
  • 1923 Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
  • 1927 US Radio Commission created (FCC predecessor)
  • 1934 Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
  • 1934 Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
  • 1936 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY
  • 1936 Y Vaisala discovers asteroid #2067 Aksnes
  • 1938 E Delporte discovers asteroids #1491 Balduinus & #1722 Goffin
  • 1938 Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann
  • 1940 Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
  • 1942 Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
  • 1945 Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army attacks Ruhr
  • 1945 US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue
  • 1954 1st mass inoculation with Salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
  • 1954 Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
  • 1955 Edgar Faure forms French government
  • 1956 Russian party leader Khrushchev attacks memory of Stalin
  • 1958 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
  • 1958 Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
  • 1959 KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, CA (PBS) begins broadcastin
  • 1960 Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field
  • 1965 Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
  • 1967 25th amendment (presidential succession) declared ratified
  • 1968 Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBA to score 25,000 points
  • 1969 WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
  • 1970 Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
  • 1971 George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 yea
  • 1971 Lt Calley confessed & implicates Captain Medina
  • 1973 Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
  • 1974 Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orth"
  • 1976 Harvard College discovers asteroid #2079 Jacchia
  • 1979 Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps
  • 1979 George Harrison releases "George Harrison" album
  • 1980 Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics
  • 1980 Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spill
  • 1981 Attempted military coup in Spain
  • 1981 People mag features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips
  • 1983 USFL NJ Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 mil)
  • 1984 H Debehogne discovers asteroid #3519
  • 1985 Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game
  • 1985 US Senated confirms Edwin Meese III as attorney general
  • 1986 Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 6 m indoor (7.00 sec)
  • 1987 Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604
  • 1988 15th Winter Olympic games opens in Calgary, Alberta
  • 1991 Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
  • 1991 US insists Iraq publically announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST
  • 1992 16th Olympic Winter games closes in Albertville, France


Songs for date February 23


  • 02/23/51 --- I Apologize (Eckstine, Billy)
  • 02/23/51 --- Sparrow In The Tree Top (Mitchell, Guy)
  • 02/23/57 --- Butterfly (Gracie, Charlie)
  • 02/23/57 --- Teen-Age Crush (Sands, Tommy)
  • 02/23/59 --- Venus (Avalon, Frankie)
  • 02/23/59 --- Alvin's Harmonica (Chipmunks)
  • 02/23/63 --- In Dreams (Orbison, Roy)
  • 02/23/63 --- Our Day Will Come (Ruby & The Romantics)
  • 02/23/74 --- Jet (McCartney, Paul)
  • 02/23/80 --- Off The Wall (Jackson, Michael)
  • 02/23/85 --- One More Night (Collins, Phil)
  • 02/23/91 --- You're In Love (Wilson Phillips)
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