Egypt

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Amen

Amen is an alternative spelling of Ammon.


Ammon

Ammon was an ancient Egyptian god. He was depicted as a human with a ram's

head. He was one of the chief gods, and was adopted by the Greeks as Zeus and

the Roman's as Jupiter.


Amset

In Egyptian mythology, Amset was son of horus; guardian of the south. His

canopic jar receives the stomach and large intestines of the dead.


Amun

Amun is an alternative spelling of Ammon.


Ankh

The Ankh was the ancient Egyptian amulet of life. It was usually employed as a

pendant for a necklace.


Anniu

Anniu was an ancient Egyptian god.


Anubis

Anubis (Anepo) was an ancient Egyptian god. He was the son of Osiris and Isis.

He was depicted as having the head of a jackal. He guided the souls of the dead

from this world into the next. He also weighed the actions of the deceased in

the presence of Osiris.


Apep

Apep is an evil serpant in ancient Egyptian mythology.


Apis

Apis were bulls symbolic of Osiris in ancient Egyptian culture. When they

reached 25 years of age they were secretly killed by the priests and thrown

into a sacred well.


Asmodai

In ancient Egyptian mythology Asmodai (Asmodeus) was an evil spirit who killed

seven husbands of Sara but was driven away into the uppermost part of Egypt by

Tobias. Asmodai is also reprsented as the prince of demons who drove King

Solomon from his kingdom.


Athor

In Egyptian mythology, Athor (Hathor, Hat-Her) was a goddess symbolised by a

cow with a solar disk on its head and haw-feather plumes. She was originally a

Nubian war goddess, who took the same lioness form as Sekhmet and drank her

enemies' blood.


Ba

In Egyptian mythology, ba was the soul, depicted as a bird or a human-headed

bird.


Bast

Bast was an ancient Egyptian goddess. The cat was sacred to her.


Bes

Bes was the Egyptian god of recreation, music and dancing. He was represented

as a grotesque dwarf wearing a lion's skin and a crown of feathers.


Bubastis

In Egyptian mythology, Bubastis was the daughter of Isis. She was represented

as having the head of a cat, the animal sacred to her.


Buto

In Egyptian mythology Buto was a goddess identified by the Greeks with Leto.


Duamutef

In Egyptian mythology, Duamutef was son of Horus and guardian of the East. His

canopic jar receives the lungs and heart of the dead.


Hap

In Egyptian mythology, Hap was the power of the god Ptah, symbolized by a bull

and born when Ptah's thunderbolt made Isis pregnant. Hap acted as a messenger

between gods and mortals, carrying the gods messages to Earth in the form of

oracles, and travelling beside each soul as it made the perilous journey from

this world to the next.


Hapi

In Egyptian mythology, Hapi was a fertility god and the personification of the

Nile. He was son of Horus and guardian of the North. He lived in the cave where

the river was born, and his job was not to start or control the floods but to

ensure that the waters were fertile. His canopic jar receives the small

intestines of the dead.


Hapy

In Egyptian mythology, Hapy was the leader of the team of gods who assisted in

the embalming of the dead.


Harpocrates

Harpocrates was the Egyptian god of silence.


Hat-Her

see "Athor"


Hathor

see "Athor"


Hekau

Hekau was a term for the magical formulae used on amulets in ancient Egypt.


Heqt

Heqt was the frog-headed goddess of ancient Egypt. She was wife of Khnemu. She

represented resurrection and was symbolised by a frog.


Horus

Horus was the Egyptian hawkheaded sun god, son of Isis and Osiris, of whom the

pharaohs were declared to be the incarnation.


Isis

Isis was an ancient Egyptian goddess associated with serpants and the colour

red.


Khem

In Egyptian mythology, Khem was the god of reproduction and generation. He was

identified as Pan by the Greeks.


Khepera

Khepera was the ancient Egyptian god of creation who propelled the sun

across the sky.


Khu

Khu was the ancient Egyptian term for the soul.


Maat

In Egyptian mythology, Maat was the goddess of truth and world order. She was

depicted as holding an ankh.


Memphis

In Egyptian mythology, Memphis was the daughter of Nile. She married Epaphus

who founded the city of Memphis and named it after his wife.


Menat

The Menat was an ancient Egyptian amulet employed to bring joy and health to

the bearer. It represented the power of reproduction.


Nefer

The Nefer was an ancient Egyptian amulet signifying happiness and good luck. It

was made of red stone or red porcelain and was worn from a necklace or a string

of beads.


Neith

In Egyptian mythology, Neith was the goddess of the heavens.


Nephthys

Nephthys was an ancient Egyptian goddess. Daughter of Seb and Nut, she married

Seth.


Nut

In Egyptian mythology, Nut was the sky goddess and mother of Osiris by Seb. She

was married to Ra, but also took Thoth for a lover.


Nutpe

In ancient Egyptian mythology, Nutpe was the sister and wife of Seb. She was

the mother of Isis and Osiris and presided over births and nursing.


Osiris

Osiris was the Egyptian god of goodness. He ruled the underworld after being

killed by Seth.


Pehrer

Pehrer was an ancient Egyptian god.


Qebhsennuf

Qebhsennuf was the ancient Egyptian god of the West. His cannopic jar receives

the liver and the gall-bladder.


Ra

Ra was the ancient Egyptian god of the Sun. He was complemented by the moon

goddess, Osiris and was identified by the Greeks with their own sun god,

Helios. He was represented with a hawk's head, over which is a solar disc. Ra

was the son of Neith and married Mut, representing the interaction of earth and

sunlight in producing vegetation.


Ranno

Ranno was the ancient Egyptian god of gardens. he was represented as an asp.


Sakhmet

see "Sekhmet"


Sam

The Sam was an ancient Egyptian amulet for sexual pleasure.


Sati

In Egyptian mythology, Sati was the goddess of the lower heavens (the air).


Scarab

The Scarab was an Egyptian amulet associated with Khepera.


Seb

In Egyptian mythology, Seb was the earth god. He was the father of Osiris and

the son of Ra. Seb married his own sister, Nutpe.


Sekhmet

In Egyptian mythology, Sekhmet (Sakhmet) was consort of Ptah and daughter of

Ra. She was lion headed and carried a fire spitting Cobra. Fire arrows darted

from her eyes, she breathed flames and the parching desert winds radiated from

her body.


Serapis

In Egyptian mythology, Serapis was another name for Osiris, and was known as

the judge of the underworld.


Serqet

In Egyptian mythology, Serqet was the scorpion goddess. She was an expert

bandager and helped with the embalming of bodies for burial.


Set

see "Seth"


Seth

In Egyptian mythology, Seth (Set) was the devil and enemy of Osiris. Antelope

(symbols of Osiris and Horus) were sacrificed to him.


Shen

The Shen was an ancient Egyptian amulet representing the sun's orbit and

symbolising eternity.


Shu

In Egyptian mythology, Shu was the son of Atum and the brother of Tefnut. He

and Tefnut mated to produce the interlocking twins Geb and Nut, and Shu then

separated them, leaving Geb floating in the primordial ocean and arching Nut's

body high above as a pathway for the Sun to travel each day from horizon to

horizon.


Sphinx

The Sphinx is a monster which appears in both Greek and Eyptian mythology. Both

sphinx have the body of a lion and the head of a woman. The Greek sphinx has

wings, the Egyptian does not. In Greek mythology, the Sphinx posed a riddle to

all who seeked to pass. This riddle was at last explained by Edipus, where upon

the Sphinx destroyed itself. The Egyptian Sphinx was a goddess of wisdom and

knowledge.


Tefenet

see "Tefnut"


Tefnut

In Egyptian mythology, Tefnut (Tefenet) was the daughter of Atum and sister of

Shu. She was often depicted as a pair of spitting lips.


Tet

The Tet was an ancient Egyptian amulet representing the tree trunk in which the

goddess Isis concealed the body of her dead husband.


Thoth

Thoth was the ancient Egyptian god of wisdom. He was a lover of Nut, and

playing draughts with the moon won from her a seventy second part of every day

which he compounded into five days which he added to the original Egyptian

calendar of 360 days.


Ubasti

In Egyptian mythology, Ubasti was the goddess of the kindly sun, merriment,

mental-health, music and dance. The guardian of pregnant women.


Utchat

The Utchat, or amulet of the eye of Horus was a common amulet in ancient Egypt.

Traditionally there were two variations, one facing right and the other left,

together representing the two eyes of Horus or Ra and Osiris. The Utchat was

generally worn around the neck with the intention of deriving strength, vigour,

protection, safety and good health from it.


Uto

In Egyptian mythology Uto was an earlier form of the goddess Buto. She was

represented as a serpent sometimes with wings and wearing a red crown.

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