In Greek mythology Abaris was a priest to the god Apollo. Apollo gave him a
golden arrow which rendered him invisible and also cured diseases and gave
oracles. Abaris gave the arrow to Pythagoras.
Abas was the son of Celeus and Metaneira. He mocked Demeter and was turned into
a lizard. By some accounts he was the 12th king of Argolis who owned a magic
Abdera was an ancient Greek city supposedly founded by Hercules in honour of
his friend Abderus.
Abderus was a friend of Hercules. Hercules left him to look after the mare of
Diomedes, which ate him.
Absyrtus (Apsyrtus) was a son of Aeetes, King of Colchis and brother of Medea.
When Medea fled with Jason she took Absyrtus with her and when her father
nearly overtook them she murdered Absyrtus and cut his body into pieces and
threw it around the road so that her father would be delayed picking up the
pieces of his son.
Acacetus is a name sometimes given to Hermes because of his eloquence.
Acamas was a son of Theseus and Phaedra. He went to Troy with Diomedes to
demand the return of Helen.
Acastus was a son of Pelias. He was one of the argonauts.
In Greek mythology, Acestes was a Sicilian bowman who in a trial of skill
discharge an arrow with such force that it ignited.
In Greek mythology, Achaeus was a son of Xuthus and Creusa. He returned to
Thessaly and recovered the dominions of which his father had been deprived.
In Greek mythology Achates was a companion of Aeneas in his wanderings
subsequent to his flight from Troy. He typified a faithful friend and companion.
In Greek mythology, Achelous was a river god who changed into a snake and a
bull while fighting Hercules, but was defeated when Hercules broke off one of
Achemon and his brother Basalas were two Cercopes who were for ever arguing.
One day they insulted Hercules, who tied them by their feet to his club and
marched off with them like a brace of hares.
Acheron was one of the rivers of Hades.
In Greek mythology, Acherusia was a cave on the borders of Pontus which led to
the infernal regions. It was through this cave that Hercules dragged Cerberus
In Greek mythology, Achilles was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidons in
Thessaly, and of the sea nymph Thetis, who rendered him invulnerable, except
for the heel by which she held him, by dipping him in the river Styx. Achilles
killed Hector at the climax of the Iliad, and according to subsequent Greek
legends was himself killed by Paris, who shot a poisoned arrow into Achilles'
Achmon is an alternative spelling for Achemon.
In Greek mythology, Acis was a son of Faunus and a river nymph. He loved the
sea-nymph Galatea and was killed by his jealous rival Polyphemus.
In Greek mythology, Acontius was a beautiful youth of Ceos. To win the love of
Cydippe, daughter of a noble Athenian, he threw before her, in the precinct of
the temple of Artemis, an apple on which he had written the vow: 'I swear by
the sanctuary of Artemis to marry Acontius.' Cydippe read the words aloud and
threw the apple away but the goddess had heard her, and when Cydippe was about
to marry another she fell so ill that her father married her to Acontius by
order of the Delphic oracle.
In Greek mythology, Acrisius was a son of Abas and the twin brother of Proteus
with whom he quarrelled even in the womb. He was the father of Danae. When Abas
died, Acrisius expelled Proteus from his inheritance, but Proteus returned
supported by Iobates and Acrisius was compelled to give him Tiryns while he
In Greek mythology, Actaeon was a great hunter who was turned into a stag by
Artemis for looking on her while she was bathing. He was subsequently torn to
pieces by his own dogs.
In the mythology of the Solomon Islands, Adaro is a sea-spirit.
The addanc was a dwarf or marine monster which lived near lake llyon. He was
killed in some accounts by Peredu who obtained a magic stone which made him
Adrastea was an alternative name for Nemesis.
Adrastus was the son of Talaus and the king of Argos. He attempted to restore
Polynices to his throne at Thebes, he failed but led a second assault leading
the Epigoni. He died of grief when he heard that his son had been killed in the
Aello was one of the harpies.
Aeneas was a Trojan hero. He was the son of Anchises and Aphrodite. He led the
survivors of the Trojan war to Italy.
Aeolus was the son of Hippotes. He lived on a rocky island where the winds were
trapped in caves. He let the winds out as commanded by the gods.
Aesculapius was the son of Apollo and Coronis. His mother died at his birth,
struck by an arrow of Artemis. His father saved him and took him to the
physician Chiron who taught Aesculapius about healing, he was the Roman god of
medicine, his worship introduced at Rome about 291 BC.
In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was a Greek hero of the Trojan wars, son of
Atreus, king of Mycenae, and brother of Menelaus. He married Clytemnestra, and
their children included Electra, Iphigenia, and Orestes. He sacrificed
Iphigenia in order to secure favorable winds for the Greek expedition against
Troy and after a ten years' siege sacked the city, receiving Priam's daughter
Cassandra as a prize. On his return home, he and Cassandra were murdered by
Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus. His children Orestes and Electra later
killed the guilty couple.
In Greek mythology, Ajax was son of Telamon, king of Salamis, he was second
only to Achilles among the Greek heroes in the Trojan War. According to
subsequent Greek legends, Ajax went mad with jealousy when Agamemnon awarded
the armor of the dead Achilles to Odysseus. He later committed suicide in shame.
In Greek mythology, Alastor is a name applied to any avenging demon, but
principally to Zeus as the vindicator.
Alcaeus was a son of Perseus and Andromeda.
Alcestis was the wife of Admetus in Greek mythology. Her husband was ill, and
according to an oracle would not recover unless someone vowed to die in his
place. Alcestis made the vow and her husband recovered. After she died Hercules
brought her back from the infernal regions.
Alcides is an alternative name for Hercules.
In Greek mythology, Alcmene is the virgin goddess of midwinter, midwinter's
moon, the new year, stateliness, beauty and wisdom.
Alcmene was the wife of Amphitryon. Zeus visited Alcmene in the form of her
husband, and the child of their union was the Greek hero Heracles.
In Greek mythology, Alcyone is the goddess of the sea, the moon, calm and
tranquility; She who brings life to death and death to life.
In Greek mythology, Alphito was a white goddess of barley flour, destiny and
the moon. The hag of the mill and the lady of the nine heights.
Amaethon was the celtic god of husbandry.
in Greek mythology, the Amazons were a group of female warriors living near the
Black Sea, who cut off their right breasts to use the bow more easily. Their
queen, Penthesilea, was killed by Achilles at the siege of Troy. The Amazons
attacked Theseus and besieged him at Athens, but were defeated, and Theseus
took the Amazon Hippolyta captive; she later gave birth to Hippolytus.
In Greek mythology, ambrosia was the food of the gods which was supposed to
confer eternal life upon all who ate it.
Amor was the Roman god of love.
In Greek mythology, Amphictyonis was the goddess of wine and friendship between
In Greek mythology, Amphion was a son of Zeus and Antiope. He was the husband
of Niobe. Amphion had great skill in music which he was taught by Hermes. He
helped build the walls of Thebes, the stones moving themselves into position at
the sound of his lyre.
Amphitrite was the Greek goddess of the sea and wife of Poseidon.
In Greek mythology, Amphitryon was King of Thebes, son of Alcaeus and husband
Amymone was a daughter of Danaus. She and her sisters were sent to search for
water when Poseidon caused a drought in the district of Argos. Whilst searching
she threw a spear at a dear, missed it and hit a satyr which pursued her. She
called to Poseidon for help. He came, drove off the satyr and produced a
perennial spring for her at Lerna, where he met her.
Anadyomene is a name of Aphrodite when she was represented as rising from the
In Roman mythology, Androcles was a Roman slave who fled from a cruel master
into the African desert, where he encountered a crippled lion and took a thorn
from its paw. The lion later recognized the recaptured slave in the arena and
spared his life. The emperor Tiberius was said to have freed them both.
In Greek mythology, Andromache was the wife of Hector.
Andromeda was a daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopea. Perseus found her bound to a
rock as a sacrifice to a sea monster. Perseus rescued her after killing the sea
monster so that she might become his wife.
In Roman mythology, Annona was the Goddess of the circling year and its harvest
produce; Matron of commerce and the market place.
Antaeus was the giant son of Poseidon and Ge. He was invincible so long as he
remained in contact with the earth. Hercules killed him by picking him up so
that his feet were off the ground and then stifling him.
In Greek mythology, Anteros was the god of mutual love. He was said to punish
those who did not return the love of others.
In Crete, Antheia was the goddess of vegetation, lowlands, marshlands, gardens,
blossoms, the budding earth and human love.
Anthesteria was a Greek festival held each year in honour of the gods,
particularly Bacchus and to celebrate the beginning of spring.
In Greek mythology Antigone was a daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. She was
celebrated for her devotion to her father and her brother Polynices.
In Greek mythology, Antilochus was a son of Nestor. He was a hero of the Trojan
war and was renowned for his speed of foot. He was killed by Memnon.
In Greek mythology, Antiope was a daughter of Nycteus, King of Thebes. Zeus was
attracted by her beauty and came to her in the guise of a Satyr. Antiope
conceived twins by Zeus, and scared of her father's wrath fled to Sicyon where
she married King Epopeus. Antiope was the goddess of the new moon, the gad-fly
dance and fecundity; Mother of the morning and evening star.
Aphrodisia was the festival in celebration of Aphrodite celebrated throughout
Greece and Cyprus.
Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love. The Romans called her Venus.
In Greek mythology, Aphrodite was the goddess of love (equivalent to the Roman
Venus, Phoenician Astarte and the Babylonian Ishtar). She is said to be either
a daughter of Zeus or to have sprung from the foam of the sea. She was the
unfaithful wife of Hephaestus, the god of fire, and the mother of Eros.
Aphrodite surpassed all the other goddesses in beauty, and hence received the
prize of beauty from Paris. She likewise had the power of granting beauty and
invincible charm to others. In the vegetable kingdom the myrtle, rose, apple,
and poppy, among others, were sacred to Aphrodite, as, in the animal world,
were the sparrow, dove, swan, and swallow.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Apollo was the god of the sun, music, poetry,
prophecy, agriculture, and pastoral life, and leader of the Muses. He was the
twin child of Zeus and Leto. Ancient statues show Apollo as the embodiment of
the Greek ideal of male beauty. Apollo epitomized the transition between
adolescence and manhood in Greek male society.
In Greek mythology, Arachne was a Lydian woman who was so skillful a weaver
that she challenged the goddess Athena to a contest. Athena tore Arachne's
beautiful tapestries to pieces and Arachne hanged herself. She was transformed
into a spider, and her weaving became a cobweb. She was therefore related to
the textile industries. The matron of spinning, weaving and dyeing and the
weaver of destiny.
Arcadia was a green mountainous isolated region in the centre of Peloponnese
inhabited by shepherds and peasants.
Ares was the Greek god of storms and tempests. He was a son of Zeus and Hera.
He became symbolic with storms and turmoil in human relationships and hence to
being the god of war. The Romans called him Mars.
In Greek mythology, Arethusa was a daughter of Nereus and Doris. She was a
nympth changed by Artemis into a fountain to enable her to escape the pursuit
In Greek mythology the Argonauts were heroes who made a hazardous voyage to
Colchis with Jason in the ship the Argo to get the golden fleece.
In Greek mythology the Argus was a beast and son of Arestor with a hundred eyes
of which he could only close two at a time. He was placed by Juno to guard Io,
whom Jupiter had changed into a heifer. But Mercury, who was sent to carry her
off, managed to surprise and kill Argus whereupon Juno transfered his eyes to
the tail of a peacock, her favourite bird.
In Greek mythology Ariadne was the daughter of King Minos. She helped Theseus
out of the labyrinth with a thread. She was abandoned by Theseus on the Isle of
Naxos where she subsequently met and married Bacchus.
In Greek mythology the Arimaspians were a one-eyed people who conducted a
perpetual war against the griffins in an attempt to steal the griffin's gold.
In Greek mythology Aristaeus was the son of Apollo and Cyrene. He introduced
Artemis was a Greek goddess of the moon. The Great Virgin Goddess of fertility,
vegetation, the wilderness, wild animal life and the chase.
The Aruspices (Haruspices) were a class of priests in ancient Rome. Their job
was to foretell the future from the entrails of sacrificial victims.
Ascanius was a son of Aeneas and Creusa. He escaped from Troy with his father.
Asclepius was a Greek god of healing. He was the son of Apollo and Coronis. He
was taught the art of healing by Cheiron. Zeus killed him with a thunderbolt as
a punishment for bringing a dead man back to life.
In Greek mythology Astraea was the daughter of Zeus and Themis, the goddess of
In Greek mythology Atalanta was a famous huntress of Arcadia. She was to be
married only to someone who could outrun her in a race, the consequence of
failure being death.
Ate was the goddess of infatuation, mischief and guilt. She would mislead men
into actions which would be the ruin of them.
Athena (Athene) was the Greek goddess of intellect. She was the daughter of
Zeus and Metis.
Atlantiades was another name for Hermes.
Atlantides was name given to the Pleiades who were fabled to be the seven
daughters of Atlas.
In Greek mythology, Atlantis was an island continent, said to have sunk
following an earthquake. The Greek philosopher Plato created an imaginary early
history for it and described it as a utopia.
Atlas was a giant who had to support the heavens upon his shoulders.
In Greek mythology Atreus was the son of Pelops and Hippodamia. He was King of
Mycenae. To seek revenge on his brother Thyestes for seducing his wife, Atreus
gave a banquet at which Thyestes dined on the flesh of his own sons.
In classical mythology, Attis was a Phrygian god whose death and resurrection
symbolized the end of winter and the arrival of spring. He was loved by the
goddess Cybele, who drove him mad as a punishment for his infidelity, he
castrated himself and bled to death.
in Greek mythology, the Augean stables were the stables of Augeas, king of Elis
in southern Greece. One of the labours of Hercules was to clean out the
stables, which contained 3,000 cattle and had never been cleaned before. He was
given only one day to do the task so he diverted the river Alpheus through
Aurora was goddess of the dawn. She was the daughter of Hyperion and Theia, and
sister of Helios and Selene.
In Greek mythology, Autolycus was an accomplished thief and trickster. He was a
son of the god Hermes, who gave him the power of invisibility.
Bacchanalia were feasts held in honour of Bacchus and characterized by
licentiousness and revelry.
Bacchus was another name for Dionysus.
In Greek mythology, Bateia was a daughter of Teucer. She was married to
Dardanus by whom she had two sons, Ilus and Erichthonius.
In Greek mythology, Bellerophon was a victim of slander who was sent against
the monstrous chimera, which he killed with the help of his winged horse
Pegasus. After further trials, he ended his life as a beggar. His story was
dramatized by Euripides.
Bellona was the Roman goddess of war.
Beltaine is the name of the feast of the spring equinox.
In Greek mythology, Bia was a son of Styx and the Titan Pallas. Bia was the
personification of might and force.
Boan was another name for Dana. In this version of events, Boan visited a
sacred well which, to punish her for breaking the law, rose up and pursued her
to the sea and thus became the river Boyne where lived the salmon of knowledge
which fed on nuts dropped from the nine hazel trees at the water's edge.
In Greek mythology, Boreas was the north wind god. He was the son of Astraeus
In Greek mythology, Briareus or Aegaeon was a son of Uranus and Gaea. He was a
giant with a hundred hands and fifty heads who helped Zeus to conquer the
Titans, and guarded them when they were imprisoned in Tartarus.
In Cretan mythology, Britomartis was a daughter of Zeus and Carme. Like
Artemis, she was a virgin huntress. Minos loved and persued her, and to escape
from him she threw herself into the sea but was saved by Artemis who made her a
Bromius was another name for Dionysus.
In Greek mythology, the bucentaur was a mythical creature, half man and half ox
Buryale was one of the Gorgons.
In Greek mythology, Busiris was a king of Egypt and the reputed founder of the
city of Thebes. He was killed by Hercules.
In Greek mythology, Cadmus was the son of Agenor, king of Phoenicia, and the
brother of Europa. He settled in Thrace and then in Boeotia where he founded
the ancient city of Cadmeia. He gave the Greeks an alphabet.
Caduceus is the winged and serpent twisted staff or wand of Hermes.
Calliope was the muse of eloquence and heroic poems. She was the chief of the
muses, and was said to have been the mother of Orpheus by Apollo.
Callisto was a daughter of Lycaon. She was one of Artemis' huntresses. She bore
arcas to Zeus. To conceal their affair, Zeus turned her into a bear.
In Greek mythology, Calypso was a sea nymph who inhabited the island of Ogygia.
She waylaid the homeward-bound Odysseus and promissed him immortality if he
would marry her. After seven years she was ordered by the gods to let him
In Greek mythology, Cassandra was the daughter of Priam, King of Troy. Her
prophecies were never believed, because she had rejected the love of the god
Apollo. She was murdered with Agamemnon by his wife Clytemnestra, having been
awarded as a prize to the Greek hero on his sacking of Troy.
Castor was the twin brother of polydeuces. He was a son of Zeus and Leda. He,
like his brother was born from an egg after Zeus visited Leda disguised as a
Celaeno was one of the harpies.
In Greek mythology, Celeus was King of Eleusis and the husband of Metaneira.
A centaur was a beast half horse, and with the head, torso and arms of a man.
Cepheus was the king of Aethiopia. He displeased Poseidon by having a beautiful
daughter, Andromeda. Poseidon then sent floods and a sea monster to terrorise
the area until cepheus gave his daughter as a sacrifice to the sea monster.
Cerberus was a huge and savage dog with three heads which guarded the entrance
to Hades. He was the offspring of Echidne and Typhon.
Cercyon was a son of Hephaestus. He was king near Eleusis. He challenged all
travellers and wrestled them to death until he challenged and was killed by
Ceres was the Roman goddess of agriculture, equivalent to the Greek Demeter.
In Greek mythology, the cestus was a girdle worn by Aphrodite and which was
endowered with the power of exciting love towards the wearer.
The Chalybes were mythical inhabitants of north Asia Minor who invented iron
In Greek mythology, Chaos was the infinite space before Ge (the earth) was
The Charites were the Greek goddesses of gracefulness and the charms of beauty.
Charon was the ferryman who transported the dead across the river Styx to Hades.
In Greek mythology, the charybdis was a whirlpool formed by a monster of the
same name on one side of the narrow straits of Messina, Sicily, opposite the
Cheiron was a centaur. He was a son of Cronus and Philyra. He learnt hunting
and medicine from Apollo and Artemis.
The chimaera was a monster composed of the head of a lion, the body of a goat
and a serpant for a tail. Bellerophon was sent to slay it.
In Greek mythology, Chryse was a warlike goddess of the metal gold, in its
refinement and all that is regarded as having great value.
In Greek mythology, Circe was an enchantress living on the island of Aeaea. In
Homer's Odyssey, she turned the followers of Odysseus into pigs. Odysseus,
bearing the herb moly provided by Hermes to protect him from the same fate,
forced her to release his men.
Clio was the muse of history.
In Greek mythology, Clytemnestra was the wife of Agamemnon. With the help of
her lover Aegisthus, she murdered her husband and his paramour Cassandra on his
return from the Trojan War, and was in turn killed by her son Orestes.
In later Greek mythology, Comus was a god of revelry, banquets and nocturnal
entertainments. He was generally depicted as a drunken youth. The depiction by
Milton of Comus as a son of Bacchus and Circe was an idea thought of by Milton,
and not the Greeks or Romans.
Corbenic was the castle in the Arthurian legend in which the Holy Grail was
In Greek mythology, the cornucopia was one of the horns of the goat Amaltheia,
which was caused by Zeus to refill itself indefinitely with food and drink.
Cratos was a son of Uranus and Gaea. He was very strong.
In Greek mythology, Creusa was the daughter of Erechtheus and wife of Xuthus.
She was also loved by Apollo.
Cronus was the son of Uranus. He succeeded to the throne of the gods when
Uranus was deposed. He married Rhea. He appears in Greek mythology.
Cupid was another name for Amor.
Cupido is an alternative spelling for Cupid.
In Greek mythology the Curetes were attendants of Rhea. They were supposed to
have saved the infant Zeus from his father Cronus and then to have become a
sort of bodyguard of the god.
Cybele was the Great Mother Goddess of the Phrygians and later the Greeks and
In Greek mythology, the Cyclops wereone of a race of Sicilian giants, who had
one eye in the middle of the forehead and lived as shepherds. Odysseus blinded
the Cyclops Polyphemus in Homer's Odyssey.
In Greek mythology, Daedalus was an Athenian artisan whose skill rivalled that
of Hephaestus. He was ordered by King Minos to construct a vast underground
palace linked by a labyrinth of rooms into which Minos imprisoned his wife
Pasiphae and her monstrous child the Minotaur. Daedalus fled from Crete because
he knew the secret of the labyrinth and didn't trust Minos not to kill him. He
fled with his son Icarus using wings made by them from feathers fastened with
In Greek and Roman mythology, the daemons (or genii) were an order of invisible
beings. The Greeks believed them to be inferior deities and that Zeus assigned
one daemon to each man and woman at his birth, to attend, protect and guide him
or her and at his or her death dying with him or her. They were nameless, and
like the multitude of mankind, innumerable. Some of them acted as personal
attendants to deities of a higher order, and in that case were represented
under particular forms, and enjoyed distinctive names, while others were
believed to watch over particular districts, towns or nations. The Romans
belived them tobe intermediate beings linking mankind with the gods.
The Danaans were one of the three Nemedian families who survived the Fomorian
victory. The brought the stone of destiny from Falias.
In Greek mythology, Danae was daughter of Acrisius, king of Argos. He shut her
up in a bronze tower because of a prophecy that her son would kill his
grandfather. Zeus became enamored of her and descended in a shower of gold; she
gave birth to Perseus.
Daphne was a daughter of Peneus. She was pursued by Apollo and asked to be
turned into a laurel tree to escape him, which she was.
Daphnis was a son of Hermes and a nymph. He was raised by Sicillian shepherds
when his mother abandoned him.
In Greek mythology, Dardanus was a son of Zeus and Electra. He was originally a
king in Arcadia, he migrated to Samothrace and from there to Asia where Teucer
gave him the site of his town, Dardania. He married Bateia.
Deianeira was the daughter of Oeonus and the wife of Hercules.
Deidamia fell in love with Achilles and bore him Neoptolemus.
Demeter was a Greek goddess of the earth. She is also called Ceres. She was the
nourishing mother, bringing forth fruits. She was a daughter of Cronus and Rhea.
A demigod was a Greek hero. They were men who posessed god-like strength and
courage and who had performed great tasks in the past.
In Greek mythology, Deucalion was the son of Prometheus. Warned by his father
of a coming flood, Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha built an ark. After the waters
had subsided, they were instructed by a god to throw stones over their
shoulders which then became men and women.
Dia is an alternative name for Hebe.
Diana was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Artemis.
Dike was the attendant of justice to Nemesis.
Dionysus was a Greek god of happiness. He was also called Bacchus and Iacchus.
In Roman mythology, Dis was the god of the underworld, also known as Orcus.
Discordia was the Roman goddess of strife.
The dryades were nymphs of the woods and trees.
Echo was a mountain nymph and a servant of Hecate.
In Roman mythology, Egeria was a goddess of healing springs, wisdom, human laws
and death. She was the Oak-Queen and granter of easy deliveries.
Eirene was the goddess of peace.
In Greek mythology, Electra was daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, and
sister of Orestes and Iphigenia. Her hatred of her mother for murdering her
father and her desire for revenge, fulfilled by the return of her brother
Orestes, made her the subject of tragedies by the Greek dramatists Aeschylus,
Sophocles, and Euripides.
Electryon was a son of Perseus and Andromeda.
The Elementals are creatures or spirits of the elements. They are the forces of
In Greek mythology, Elysium was originally another name for the Islands of the
Blessed, to which favored heroes were sent by the gods to enjoy a life after
death. It was later a region in Hades.
In Greek mythology, Endymion was a beautiful young man loved by Selene, the
Moon goddess. He was granted eternal sleep in order to remain forever young.
Enyo was the Greek goddess of war.
Eos was the goddess of dawn. She was the daughter of Hyperion and Thia, and
sister of Helios and Selene.
In Greek mythology, Epaphus was a son of zeus and Io who was born on the River
Nile. He became King of Egypt and married Memphis, or by some accounts
Cassiopeia. he had a daughter, Libya, who gave her name to the African country
The Epigoni were the descendants of the seven against Thebes who attacked the
city ten years after their fathers had done so. They were organised by Adrastus.
Epimetheus was the brother of Prometheus.
Erato was the muse of love and marriage songs.
Erebus was the Greek god of darkness.
In Greek mythology, Erechtheus (Erichthonius) was an Attic hero, said to have
been the son of Hephaestus and Atthis. He was brought up by Athena.
Eridanus was a Greek river god known as the king of rivers. He was a son of
Oceanus and Tethys.
In Greek mythology, Erigone was the goddess of death, trees and fertility and
associated with wine and a pastoral economy.
The Erinys or Furiae also called Dirae, Eumenides, or Semnae - that is, the
"revered" goddesses - were, in Greek mythology, daughters of Night, or,
according to another myth, of the Earth and Darkness, while a third account
calls them offspring of Cronus and Eurynome. They were attendants of Hades and
Persephone, and lived at the entrance to the lower world. Their first duty was
to see to the punishment of those of the departed who, having been guilty of
some crime on earth, had come down to the shades without obtaining atonement
from the gods. At the command of the higher gods, sometimes of Nemesis, they
appeared on earth pursuing criminals. Nothing escaped their sharp eyes as they
followed the evil-doer with speed and fury, permitting him no rest.
Eris was the Greek goddess of strife, deceit, discord and disputation. The
provoker of rivalry, contention, murder and wars.
Eros was the Greek god of love. He was the son of Aphropdite.
In Greek mythology, Eteocles was a son of the incestuous union of Oedipus and
Jocasta and brother of Polynices. He denied his brother a share in the kingship
of Thebes, thus provoking the expedition of the Seven against Thebes, in which
he and his brother died by each other's hands.
Europa was the daughter of Agenor. She was carried off by Zeus who had
transformed himself into a great white bull.
Eurus was the east wind god.
Euryale was one of the gorgons.
In Greek mythology, Eurydice was the wife of Orpheus. She was a dryad, or
forest nymph, and died from a snake bite. Orpheus attempted unsuccessfully to
fetch her back from the realm of the dead.
Euterpe was the muse of music.
Fama was an alternative name for the Roman goddess Pheme. In this form she was
the mighty goddess of the word of mouth and human gossip. She Who initiates and
In Greek and Roman mythology, the Fates was goddesses who decreed what would
happen to both men and gods.
In Roman mythology, Fauna was the mother goddess of earth, rural life, fields,
cattle and wild creatures. She was a protectress of women.
Faunus was a Roman god similar to Pan.
In Roman mythology, Februata was the oracular goddess of love's passion. She
who calls forth animals from their winter hibernation.
In Roman mythology, Felicitas was the goddess of joyous events, laughter,
happiness and contentment. She who suckles the young.
Flora was the Roman goddess of flowers, youth, and spring.
In Roman mythology, Fornax was the goddess of the mysteries of bread-baking and
the embryo's development.
Fortuna was the Roman goddess of luck.
Gaea was a Greek goddess of the earth.
In Greek mythology, Galatea was the daughter of Nereus and Doris. She rejected
the advances of the Cyclops Polyphemus and instead gave herself to the Sicilian
shepherd Acis. Polyphemus crushed Acis beneath a rock.
Ganymeda is an alternative name for Hebe.
Ganymedes was a son of the Trojan king Tros. He was carried off by Zeus and
became the cup-bearer of the gods.
Genii is an alternative name for the daemons.
The golden fleece was the fleece of the ram on which Phrixus had escaped and
was given to aetes the king of colchis. It hung from an oak tree in the grove
of Ares where a dragon guarded it.
In Greek mythology, the Gordian Knot was tied by King Gordius, and could only
be unravelled by a future conquerer of Asia. Alexander cut it with his sword in
In Greek mythology, the Gorgons; Stheino, Buryale, and Medusa, were daughters
of Phorcys and Ceto. Two of them were believed to be immortal, while the third.
Medusa, the youngest and most beautiful of them, was mortal. She loved
Poseidon, and having met him once in the temple of Athene, to the desecration
of that building, was punished by having her beautiful hair turned into snakes,
thus making her appearance more ghastly than that of her sisters. Her face was
terrible to behold, turning the spectator into stone. At last Perseus, finding
her asleep, cut off her head with his curved sword, and presented it to Athene,
who had assisted him in the enterprise, to be worn on her aegis or shield as a
terror to her enemies. The ancient poets describe the Gorgons generally as
horrid, aged women, and frequently place them by the side of the Furies. In
early times there was only one Gorgon - Medusa - instead of the three of later
times. The winged horse, Pegasus, was the offspring of her and Poseidon. In art
Perseus is represented standing with sword in one hand and the head of Medusa
in the other, turning his face away to avoid seeing it. The subject of Perseus
cutting off the head of Medusa occurs in one of the earliest examples of Greek
sculpture - one of the metopes of the oldest temple at Selinus, in Sicily; and
from the conventional manner in which her face is represented, compared with
the other parts of the sculpture, it is agreed that the type must have been
familiar for some time to Greek art. To possess a representation of a Gorgon's
face waa to be provided with a charm against ills, and accordingly it was
frequently employed as a personal ornament.
Graces is an alternative name for the Charites.
In Greek mythology, the Graeae were three daughters of Phorcys and Ceto: Deino,
Pephredo, and Enyo; their names meaning respectively "alarm", "dread", and
"horror". They were sisters and at the same time guardians of the Gorgons, they
were conceived as misshapen hideous creatures, hoary and withered from their
birth, with only one eye and one tooth for the common use of the three, and
were supposed to inhabit a dark cavern near the entrance to Tartarus. The
belief in their existence seems to have been originally suggested by the gray
fog or mist which lies upon the sea and is a frequent source of danger to the
mariner. It is said that Perseus obtained from them the necessary information
as to the dwelling of the Gorgons by seizing; their solitary eye and tooth, and
refusing to return them until they showed him the way.
The griffin was a mythical monster, the supposed guardian of hidden treasure,
with the body, tail, and hind legs of a lion, and the head, forelegs, and wings
of an eagle.
In Wishok mythology, Guatrigakwitl is the creator who made all things.
Hades was the Greek god of the underworld. He was a son of Cronus.
In Greek mythology, Haemus was a son of Boreas and Oreithyia. He married
Rhodope and by her had a son, Hebrus. He and his wife presumed to assume the
names of Zeus and Hera and were turned into mountains for their insolence.
Harmonia was the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite. She married Cadmus. At the
wedding she was given a necklace made by Hephaestus which confered irresistible
beauty upon the wearer.
In Greek and Roman mythology the Harpies were creatures employed by the higher
gods to carry out the punishment of crime. They were three in number : Aello,
Ocypete, and Celaeno, or Podarge; and were said to be daughters of the giant
Thaumas and the Oceanid nymph Electra. Their body was that of a bird, their
head that of a woman; and it would seem that they were originally goddesses of
the storm, which carries everything along with it. Their manner of punishing
those whom they were sent to punish was to carry off all the food set before
their victim, and devour it, or failing that, to render it uneatable. Among
others who were punished in this way was Phineus, a king of Thrace, his crime
having been cruelty toward his own son and contempt of the gods. For showing
the Argonauts the way to Colchis he was, however, freed from their persecution
by Calais and Zetes, the winged sons of Boreas, who, in gratitude, killed them.
Hebe was the goddess of youth. She was the daughter of Zeus and Hera.
In Greek mythology, Hebrus was a river god. He was the son of Haemus and
Hecate was a Greek goddess of the moon and spirits. Dogs were sacred to her.
In Greek mythology, Hector was a Trojan prince, son of King Priam and husband
of Andromache, who, in the siege of Troy, was the foremost warrior on the
Trojan side until he was killed by Achilles.
In Greek mythology, Helen was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, and the most
beautiful of women. She married Menelaus, King of Sparta, but during his
absence, was abducted by Paris, Prince of Troy. This precipitated the Trojan
War. Afterwards she returned to Sparta with her husband.
Helicon was a mountain in central Greece, on which was situated a spring and a
sanctuary sacred to the Muses.
Helios was the Greek god of physical light.
In Greek mythology, Helle was the daughter of Athamas, King of Thessaly, and
sister of Phryxes. With her brother she ran away from Ino, their cruel
stepmother, on a ram with a Golden Fleece. Helle fell into the sea and drowned,
thus giving her name to the Hellespont.
Hemera was the Greek goddess of day. She was born from Erebus and Nyx. She
emerged from Tartarus as Nyx left it and returned to it as she was emerging
Hephaestus was the Greek god of volcanic fire. The Romans called him Vulcan. He
was the son of Zeus and Hera.
Hera was a Greek goddess. She was mother to Hephaestus.
In Greek and Roman mythology, Hercules (Heracles) was considered as the perfect
athlete. He was given twelve labours.
1) Kill the Nemean lion.
2) Destroy the Lernean hydra.
3) Capture alive the Erymanthian boar.
4) Capture alive the Ceryneian stag.
5) Kill the Stymphalian birds.
6) Clean the Augean stables.
7) Bring alive into Peloponnesus the Cretan bull.
8) Obtain the horses of Diomedes.
9) Obtain the girdle of Hippolyte.
10) Kill the monster and cattle of Geryon.
11) Obtain the apples of Hesperides.
12) Bring from the infernal regions Cerbeus the three headed dog of Hades.
In Greek mythology, Hermaphroditus was the son of Hermes and Aphrodite. He was
loved by a nymph who asked for eternal union with him. Her request was granted
and they became one body with both male and female sex organs.
Hermes was the Greek god of oratory. He was a son of Zeus and Maia.
The Hesperides were daughters of Atlas and Hesperis.
Hestia was a Greek goddess. She was a daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was
goddess of the hearth. She was also called Vesta.
In Greek mythology, Hippocoon was a King of Sparta. He was the son of Oebalus
and Gorgophone. He refused to purify Hercules after he murdered Iphitus and
further offended Hercules by killing Oeonus.
In Greek mythology, Hippolytus was the son of Theseus. When he rejected the
love of his stepmother, Phaedra, she falsely accused him of making advances to
her and turned Theseus against him. Killed by Poseidon at Theseus' request, he
was in some accounts of the legend restored to life when his innocence was
The horae were the Greek goddesses of the seasons. They were daughters of Zeus
In Greek mythology, the Hydra was a huge monster with nine heads. If one were
cut off, two would grow in its place. One of the 12 labours of Hercules was to
Hygea was the daughter of Aesculapius. She was the goddess of health.
Hymen was the Greek and Roman god of marriage.
Hymenaeus is an alternative name for Hymen.
In Greek mythology, Hynos or Somnus, was a son of Night, and the twin brother
of Thanatos (death), with whom he lived in deep subterranean darkness at the
entrance to Tartarus. His influence extended to gods as well as men, and by the
latter he was viewed as a special benefactor, giving the weary refreshing rest,
and sufferers alleviation of their pain.
He was represented in different forms and attitudes, with different attributes
- now nude, or lightly or heavily clad, now standing, or striding hastily, or
reposing heavily; or as a powerful youth holding a poppy or a horn, from which
sleep trickled down on those reposing; or as a child, and sometimes as a
bearded, aged man. On his head were the wings of a hawk or a night bird, and
beside him frequently a lizard. He was looked on as a favourite of the Muses,
apparently because of the dreams he was supposed to communicate to men.
Iacchus is an alternative name for Dionysus.
Icarus escaped from the Minos labyrinth by means of wings made by his father
Daedalus. In escaping he flew too close to the sun, the wax holding the
feathers to the wings melted and icarus fell into the sea and drowned.
In Greek mythology, Io was the daughter of Inachus. She was beloved of Zeus.
Zeus changed her into a white heifer to protect her from the jealousy of Hera.
In Greek mythology Ion was the son of Apollo and the Arthenian princess Creusa,
whom Apollo raped on the Acropolis. Creusa abandoned Ion at birth, and Apollo
took the child to Delphi, where he was brought up in ignorance of his true
parentage. In the meantime, Creusa married King Xuthus. After several childless
years, they went to delphi to ask advice. Apollo told Xuthus that the first
person he met on leaving the shrine would be his son - and that person was Ion.
Furious that Xuthus was adopting someone she took to be a stranger, Creusa
tried to kill Ion, but Apollo appeared and explained the situation. They all
went back to Athens and in due course Ion sailed North and became the ancestor
of the Ionian nation.
In Greek mythology, Iphigenia was a daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. She
was sacrificed by her father at Aulis to secure favorable winds for the Greek
fleet in the expedition against Troy, on instructions from the prophet Calchas.
According to some accounts, she was saved by the goddess Artemis, and made her
Irene was the Greek goddess of peace. She was sometimes regarded as one of the
Horae, who presided over the seasons and the order of nature, and were the
daughters of Zeus and Themis.
Iris was the goddess of the rainbow. She was the daughter of Thaumas and
Electra. She was a sister of the harpies. She was a messenger who conveyed
divine commands from Zeus and Hera to mankind.
In Greek mythology, Ismene was the youngest child of Oedipus and Jocasta, and
the sister of Antigone, Eteocles and Polynices. When Antigone proposed to bury
Polynices against King Creon of Thebes' orders, Ismene refused to help, but
when Antigone was arrested and charged with the burial, she tried to share the
blame, only to be rejected contemptuously by her sister.
In Greek mythology, Ixion was King of the Lapithae in Thessaly who was punished
for his wickedness by being tied to a perpetually revolving wheel of fire.
Janus was a two faced Roman god of beginnings and ends.
Jason was the rightful king of Iolcus. He was smuggled out of Iolcus by
Cheiron. When Jason returned to claim his birthright, Pelias sent him to fetch
the golden fleece from Colchis.
Jocasta was the wife of Laius the king of Thebes. She unwittingly had incest
with Oedipus, bringing a plague on Thebes. Her father sacrificed himself to rid
Thebes of the plague. Jocasta hanged herself when she learnt the truth of her
marriage to Oedipus.
Juno was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Hera.
Jupiter was the Roman name for the Greek god Zeus.
In Roman mythology, Juturna was a goddess of springs, rivers, aqueducts and
fountains. The matron of architects and sculptors.
In Roman mythology, Juventas was a goddess of increase and blessings. She was
representative of the eternal youth and solidarity of a species.
In Greek mythology, Lacedaemon was a son of Zeus and Taygete. He married
Sparte. He was King of Lacedaemon and named the capital city Sparta after his
The Laestrygones were a race of giant cannibals. They were ruled by Lamus. At
Telepylos Odysseus lost all but one of his ships to them.
Laius was the king of Thebes and father of Oedipus.
Laocoon was a Trojan prophet, son of Antenor and a priest of Apollo and
Poseidon. He warned the Trojans against the Wooden Horse.
Laodice was a daughter of Priam and the wife of Helicaon. When Troy fell she
was swallowed by the earth.
The Lares were beings of the Roman religion protecting households and towns.
Larissa was a city in Thessaly where Achilles was reportedly born.
Leda was a daughter of Thestius. She was the wife of Tyndareus. She was seduced
by Zeus and gave birth to two eggs. From one hatched her daughter Helen and son
Polydeuces, and from the other hatched Castor.
Lemnos was a small island at the mouth of the Hellespont. Hephaestus landed on
Lemnos when Zeus threw him out of heaven, and set up a forge on the island.
In Greek mythology, Lethe was a river of the underworld whose waters, when
drunk, brought forgetfulness of the past.
In Greek mythology Leto was the mother of Apollo.
Leuce was a nymph loved by Hades. He turned her into a white poplar tree.
Leucothea was a friendly sea-goddess who assisted Odysseus in his dangerous
voyage. She was the daughter of Cadmus and originally the wife of Athamas, in
which capacity she bore the name of Ino. She had incurred the wrath of Hera
because she had suckled the infant Bacchus, and was pursued by her raving
husband and thrown into the sea where she was saved by a dolphin and
subsequently took her place as a marine deity under the name of Leucothea.
Liber Pater was an ancient Italian god of the vine.
Libera was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Persephone.
In Greek mythology, the Litai were sweet-natured goddesses, whose special duty
was to recompense the persons whom Ate had reduced to distress and ruin. Their
name signifies " prayers of the penitent," and the allegory in this case is not
far to seek. Prayers atone and make amends for what a man does to the harm of
others in thoughtlessness or from infatuation, without wicked thought or
design. In the Homeric poems they are described as lame, wrinkled, and
squinting - those deformities being caused by the trouble they had in making
good the harm done by Ate. Penitent prayers were at best but sorry aid in
making good the evil done from infatuation or carelessness. The Litai were
supposed to be daughters of Zeus, and to place before him the prayers of those
who invoked his assistance.
Luna was the Roman name of the Greek goddess Selene.
Lutinus was the Roman name for the Greek god Priapus.
In Greek mythology, Maia was the daughter of Atlas and the mother of Hermes.
The manes were the souls of departed people in the Greek and Roman religions.
Mars was the Roman name for the Greek god Ares.
In Greek mythology, Marsyas was a satyr who took up the pipes thrown down by
the goddess Athena and challenged the god Apollo to a musical contest. On
losing, he was flayed alive.
In Greek mythology, Medea was the sorceress daughter of the king of Colchis.
When Jason reached Colchis, she fell in love with him, helped him acquire the
Golden Fleece, and they fled together. When Jason later married Creusa,
daughter of the king of Corinth, Medea killed his bride with the gift of a
poisoned garment, and then killed her own two children by Jason.
Meditrina was a Roman goddess of health. She was a sister of Hygea.
Medusa was the youngest and most beautiful of the Gorgons. She loved Poseidon
and desecrated the temple of Athene by meeting Poseidon there. For this she was
punished by having her hair turned to snakes. The result was her appearance was
so hideous to behold that it would turn the viewer to stone.
In Greek mythology, Megapenthes was a son of Proteus and King of Argos. He
exchanged his dominion with that of Perseus and afterwards killed Perseus.
Melpomene was the muse of tragedy.
Memnon was the son of Eos and Tithonus. He was the king of Ethiopia who helped
the Trojans and killed many Greeks. He was killed by Achilles in single combat
whilst Zeus weighed their fates in the balance.
Menelaus was the husband of Helen of Troy.
Mercury was the Roman name for the Greek god Hermes.
In Greek mythology, Midas was a king of Phrygia who was granted the gift of
converting all he touched to gold. He soon regretted his gift, as his food and
drink were also turned to gold. For preferring the music of Pan to that of
Apollo, he was given ass's ears by the latter.
Minerva was the Roman name of the Greek goddess Athene.
In Greek mythology, Minos was a king of Crete (son of Zeus and Europa). He was
a philanderer, and this displeased his wife Pasiphae who blamed Aphrodite. He
demanded a yearly tribute of young men and girls from Athens for the Minotaur.
After his death, he became a judge in Hades.
In Greek mythology, the Minotaur was a monster, half man and half bull,
offspring of Pasiphae, wife of King Minos of Crete, and a bull. It lived in the
Labyrinth at Knossos, and its victims were seven girls and seven youths, sent
in annual tribute by Athens, until Theseus killed it, with the aid of Ariadne,
the daughter of Minos.
Mnemosyne was the mother of the muses. She signified the memory of great events.
Moerae was the Greek goddess of right and reason.
Momus was the ancient Greek god of jeering. He jeered bitterly at the actions
of both men and gods, sparing no one with his insinuations except Aphrodite, in
whom he could find nothing to blame, and vexed himself to death in consequence.
In Greek mythology, Morpheus was one form of the god of dreams (the other being
Oneiros). His job was to fashion dreams, as the gods desired them to be sent to
men. In this task he was assisted by Icelus, who fashioned those dreams that
had all the appearance of reality, by Phobetor, the author of alarming dreams,
and Phantasus, who tricked sleepers with innumerable and strange phenomena. But
we find Morpheus also represented in the capacity of a sort of watchman and
guardian of dreams, as Aeolus was of the winds.
Mors was the Roman version of the Greek god Thanatos.
The muses were nympths of the springs.
Myrtilus was the son of Hermes.
In Greek mythology, the Na'iads were nymphs of fountains and brooks.
In Greek mythology, Narcissus was a beautiful youth who rejected the love of
the nymph Echo and was condemned to fall in love with his own reflection in a
pool. He pined away and in the place where he died a flower sprang up that was
named after him.
Nauplius was the son of Amymone and Poseidon. He was the wrecker of Nauplia.
Nemesis was the goddess of punishment.
Neptune was the Roman name for the Greek god Poseidon.
In Greek mythology, the Nereid were 50 sea goddesses, or nymphs, who sometimes
mated with mortals. Their father was Nereus and their mother was Doris.
In Greek mythology, Nereus was a sea god. He was a son of Pontys and Gaea.
Nike was the goddess of victory. She was the daughter of Pallas and Styx. She
helped the gods in their battle against the titans and was rewarded by Zeus.
In Greek mythology, Niobe was the daughter of Tantalus and wife of Amphion, the
king of Thebes. She was contemptuous of the goddess Leto for having produced
only two children, Apollo and Artemis. She died of grief when her own 12
offspring were killed by them in revenge, and was changed to stone by Zeus.
Notus was the south wind god.
A nymph was a higher being than a human, but not immortal like a god. They were
respected in mythology.
Nyx was a goddess of night. She was a daughter of Chaos. She married Erebus.
The oceanides were forty sea nymphs of the ocean. They were the daughters of
In Greek mythology, Oceanus was the son of Uranus and Gaea. He was the only
Titan not to revolt against Uranus.
Ocypete was one of the harpies.
Odysseus was a Greek hero. He devised the strategy of the wooden horse used by
the Greeks to conquer Troy.
Oedipus was the son of Laius. The Delphic oracle foretold that Laius would be
killed by his son, so Oedipus was abandoned on mount Cithaeron with a nail
through his feet. However, he was found by a shepherd and raised by Polybus.
Hearing that he would kill his father, Oedipus left Corinth and met Laius on
his travel. He killed him in an argument not knowing who he was.
In Greek mythology, Oeonus was a son of Licymnius. He was attacked by a dog
belonging to the sons of Hippocoon, he threw a stone at the dog and in revenge
the sons of Hippocoon killed him.
Oileus was one of the Argonauts, he was the father of Ajax.
Omphale was queen of Lydia. She bought Hercules as a slave who stayed with her
for three years.
In Greek mythology Oneiros was one form of the god of dreams (the other being
Morpheus). Oneiros was properly a personification of dreams, whether idle or
deceptive or really prophetic. Dreams of the former class were supposed to
issue from the ivory gates, tliose of the latter class from the horn gate, of
the palace where they were kept, beside the Western Ooeanus. He was called a
child of Night, sometimes a child of Sleep, and was directly under the control
of the superior order of gods, who, as they pleased, despatched deceptive or
prophetic dreams to men.
Ops was the Roman goddess of plenty and the personification of abundance.
The oreades were mountain nymphs.
Orestes was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. As a child he was smuggled
out of Mycenae by his sister Electra when Clytemnestra and Aegisthus seized
power. He later killed Clytemnestra with the help of Electra and Pylades and
was punished by the Erinnyes.
Orion was a giant and son of Poseidon. He was a hunter and very handsome. He
was promised the hand of Merope whom he loved if he could ride Chios. He did
but was not given Merope so he seduced her. Apollo caused his death at the
hands of Artemis who put his image in the stars.
Orpheus was a mythical Greek poet and musician. The son of Apollo and a muse
(possibly Calliope), he married Eurydice, who died from the bite of a snake.
Orpheus went down to Hades to bring her back and her return to life was granted
on condition that he walk ahead of her without looking back. He did look back
and Eurydice was irretrievably lost. In his grief, he offended the maenad women
of Thrace, and was torn to pieces by them.
In Roman mythology, Ossipago was a minor goddess of skeletal structures and the
strengthener of fetal bones.
In Greek mythology Ourania was a mountain goddess of summer, especially
mid-summer. The Queen of the winds and ruler of the night sky.
Pales was a Roman god of cattle-rearing.
In Greek mythology Pallas was one of the Titans. He was a son of Crius and
Eurybia and brother of Astraeus and Perses. He married Styx and fathered Zelus,
Cratos, Bia and Nike.
Pan was the Greek god who looked after shepherds and their flocks. His
parentage is unsure. In some accounts he is the son of Zeus, in others the son
of Hermes. His mother was a nymph.
In Greek mythology, Pandarus was the leader of the forces of Zeleia in Lycia at
the Trojan War. He was the second best Greek archer (next to Paris) and fought
in the Trojan War as an archer.
In Greek mythology, Pandion was a son of Erichthonius, the King of Athens.
Pandora was a woman made by the gods. She was taken to Epimetheus by Hermes. He
made her his wife, against his brother's advice. Pandora came with a sealed
vase. Her husband was tempted and opened the vase from which came all the
troubles, weariness and illnesses that mankind is now burderned with.
In Greek mythology, Paris was a prince of Troy whose abduction of Helen, wife
of King Menelaus of Sparta, caused the Trojan War. Helen was promised to him by
the goddess Aphrodite as a bribe, in his judgment between her beauty and that
of two other goddesses, Hera and Athena. Paris killed the Greek hero Achilles
by shooting an arrow into his heel, but was himself killed by Philoctetes
before the capture of Troy.
In Greek mythology, Pasiphae was the wife of King Minos of Crete and mother of
Phaedra and of the Minotaur. After blaming Aphrodite for her husbands
philandering, Pasiphae was punished by being filled with lust for an enormous
fire-breathing white bull. Pasiphae persuaded Daedalus to build her a cow
shaped wooden framework, and hid inside it while he trundled it into the bull's
pasture. The bull mounted the framework and mated with Pasiphae inside. She
then became pregnant with the Minotaur.
Patroclus was a cousin and close friend of Achilles. He was killed by Hector in
the Trojan wars.
Pax is an alternative name for Eirene.
Pegasus was the winged horse offspring of Medusa and Poseidon.
In Greek mythology, Peirithous was a King of the Lapiths and a son of Ixion and
Dia. He waged war against the Centaurs and helped Theseus carry off the Amazon
Antiope and later Helen. He tried to abduct Persephone, but was bound to a
stone seat by her husband Hades and remained a prisoner in the underworld.
Pelias was king of Iolcus and half-brother of Jason.
In Greek mythology, Penelope was the wife of Odysseus, the king of Ithaca;
their son was Telemachus. While Odysseus was absent at the siege of Troy she
kept her many suitors at bay by asking them to wait until she had woven a
shroud for her father-in-law, but unraveled her work each night. When Odysseus
returned, after 20 years, he and Telemachus killed her suitors.
Peneus was a river god. He was a son of Oceanus and Tethys.
Persephone was a Greek goddess. She was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter. Hades
obtained sanction from Zeus to carry her off by force and marry her.
Perseus found Medusa asleep and cut her head off which he presented to Athene.
He married Andromeda.
In Greek mythology, Phaea was the Crommyonium Sow a wild pig said to have been
the offspring of Echidna and Typhon. It ravaged the town of Crommyon on the
Isthmus of Corinth until it was destroyed by Theseus.
In Greek mythology, Phaedra was a daughter of Minos, King of Crete and
Pasiphae. Her unrequited love for Hippolytus led to his death and her suicide.
She became renowned as a minor goddess of the moon, barley, myrtle, rain-making
and the death of kings. A siren-like Enchantress.
In Greek mythology, Pheme was the goddess of fame. She was a daughter of Gaea.
In Greek mythology, Philyra was the shape-shifting goddess of beauty, perfume,
healing, writing and divination. She was the discoverer of paper.
In Greek mythology, Phoebe was the goddess of waxing and waning cycles. Ruler
of the sapphire-regioned moon and cloven-hoofed animals.
Phoebus was the Greek god of enlightenment.
In Greek mythology, Phyllis was a goddess of spring, trees, wisdom, women's
secrets and the genetic knowledge contained in seeds.
Picus was a Roman god. He was the son of Saturnus and father of Faunus. His
wife was Canens. He was a prophet and god of the forest.
Pitho was the daughter of Aphrodite. She was the goddess of persuasion.
The Pleiades were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione. They were turned
into doves by Zeus and and their image put into the stars to save them from the
attentions of Orion.
In Greek mythology, Pleuron was a son of Aetolus and Pronoe and brother to
Calydon. He married Xanthippe by whom he fathered Agenor, Sterope, Stratonice
and Laophonte. He is said to have founded the town of Pleuron in Aetolia.
Pluto was the Roman name for the Greek god Hades.
Poena was the attendant of punishment to Nemesis.
Polites was a son of Priam and Hecabe. He was killed before them by Neoptolemus.
Pollux was the Roman name for Polydeuces.
Polybus was king of Corinth. He raised Oedipus as his own son.
Polydeuces was twin brother of Castor. He was a son of Zeus and Leda. He was
born from an egg after Zeus visited Leda disguised as a swan.
In Greek mythology, Polydorus was a son of Cadmus and Harmonia. he was King of
Thebes and husband of Nycteis by whom he fathered Labdacus.
Polymnia was the muse of song and oratory.
In Greek mythology, Polynices was a son of Oedipus. He and his brother Eteocles
were supposed to rule Thebes in alternate years, but Eteocles refused to
relinquish the throne, and Polynices sought the help of Adrastus. Polynices and
Eteocles killed each other in single combat.
In Greek mythology Polyphemus was the most famous of the Cyclops. He is
described as a giant cannibal living alone in a cave on Mount Etna. Odysseus
and his companions unwarily sheltered in his cave, and Polyphemus killed and
ate four of them before Odysseus intoxicated him with wine and when he fell
asleep poked his eye out with a blazing stake. Polyphemus was also the despised
lover of Galatea.
Pomona was a Roman goddess of garden fruits.
Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea. He was a son of Cronus.
In Greek mythology, Priam was the son of Laomedon and Placia. He was originally
called Podarces and was still a baby when his father promissed his sister
Hesione to Heracles and then broke his word. Heracles sacked Troy and killed
Laomedon and all his sons except Podarces whom he sold in the slave market. He
was bought by Hesione and she changed his name to Priam.
Priapus was the Greek god of fertility in nature. He was a son of Dionysus and
Aphrodite. He was blighted in the womb by Hera, and was born impotent, ugly and
so foul natured that the gods refused to have him in Olympus and threw him down
to earth where he was brought up by shepherds.
In Greek mythology, Procne was a daughter of King Pandion and Zeuxippe. She
In Greek mythology, Procris was a daughter of Erechtheus and wife of Cephalus.
Artemis gave her the hound Laelaps which she gave to her husband.
In ancient Greek legends, Procrustes was a robber. He robbed people whilst they
slept. If his victim was too short for his bed he was stretched to death. If
the victim was too long for his bed, his feet or legs were cut off. Theseus
treated Procrustes in the same way.
Prometheus was a Greek hero. He was a son of the Titan Japetus and the sea
nymph Clymene. Prometheus obtained fire for mankind from Zeus.
In Greek mythology, Proteus was a son of Abas and the twin brother of Acrisius.
In a dispute between the two brothers over the kingdom of Argos, Proteus was
defeated and expelled. He fled to Iobates in Lycia and married his daughter
Stheneboea. Iobates restored Proteus to his kingdom by force and Acrisius then
agreed to share it, surrendering Tiryns to him. When Bellerophon came to
Proteus to be purified for a murder, Sthenebeoa fell in love with him.
Bellerophon refused her and she charged him with making improper proposals to
her. Proteus then sent him to Iobates with a letter asking Iobates to murder
In Roman mythology, Psyche was the personification of the passion of love. She
was the youngest daughter of the king and queen of Sicily. She was the most
beautiful person on the island and suitors flocked to ask for her hand. In the
end she boasted that she was more beautiful than Venus herself, and Venus sent
Cupid to transfix her with an arrow of desire and make her fall in love with
the nearest person or thing available. But even Cupid fell in love with her and
took her to a secret place and eventually married her and had her made a
goddess by Jupiter.
In Greek mythology, Pygmalion was a king of Cyprus who made an image in ivory
of a maiden. He fell in love with the image and asked Venus to endow it with
life. She did, and Pygmalion married the maiden.
In Greek mythology, Pylades was son of Strophius and Anaxibia. He assisted
Orestes in murdering Clytemnestra and eventually married his sister Electra.
In Greek mythology, Pyrrhus was the birth name of Achilles' son who was renamed
Neoptolemus when he went to Troy.
Rhadamanthus was a son of Zeus and Europa. He was famed for his wisdom and
justice, and so after his death was made one of the judges of the underworld.
Rhamnusia was an alternative name for Nemesis.
Rhea was the Greek goddess of the earth, mountains and forests.
Sarpedon was a son of Zeus and Europa. He went to Asia Minor and became the
king of the Lycians after helping Cilix of Cilicia to defeat them. He helped
Troy in the Trojan wars before being killed by Patroclus.
Saturnus was the Roman god of learning and agriculture. He appeared to king
Janus and gave lessons on agriculture to his subjects.
The satyrs were attendants to the god Dionysus.
In Greek mythology, Sceiron (Sciron) was a robber who haunted the frontier
between Attica and Megaris. He robbed travellers and kicked them into the sea
where they were eaten by a tortoise that lived there. He was killed by Theseus.
Selene was a Greek goddess of the moon.
In Greek mythology, Semele was a daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. She was
beloved by Zeus and bore him Dionysus.
Silenius was the oldest satyr.
Silvanus was a Roman god of the forest.
The Sirens (Acheloides) were daughters of the river-god Achelous and a Muse.
They had been nymphs and playmates of Persephone, and for not protecting her
when she was carried off by Pluto, they were transformed into beings half-woman
and chalf-bird by Demeter. Later they were transformed into half-woman and
In Greek mythology, Sisyphus was an evil King of Corinth. After he died he was
condemned in the underworld to roll a huge stone uphill, which always fell back
before he could reach the top.
Sol was the Roman name for the Greek god Helios.
Somnus was an alternative name for the Greek and Roman god Hypnos.
Stheino was one of the gorgons.
In Greek mythology, Strophius was King of Phocis.
In Greek and Roman mythology, the Styx was the principal river in the
underworld. Styx was the name of a nymph who was the daughter of Oceanus and
Tethys. She dwelt at the entrance to Hades in a lofty grotto which was
supported by silver columns. Styx took her children to help Zeus in the fight
against the Titans.
Suada is an alternative name for Pitho.
In Greek mythology, Talaus was King of Argos. He was the son of Nias and Pero.
Talaus sailed with the Argonauts.
In Greek mythology, Talos was a bronze man given to Europa by Zeus to guard
Crete. He would clutch people to his breast and jump into a fire so that they
were burnt alive. When the Argonauts in their wanderings came to Crete, and he
resisted their landing, Medea killed him.
In Greek mythology, Tantalus was a son of Zeus. He was king of Phrygia, Lydia.
He was admitted to the table of the gods, but displeased them and was punished
by being put in a lake such that he just couldn't reach the water with his
lips, and being tempted by fruit above him which again was just out of reach.
In Roman legend, Tarpeia was a daughter of the governor of the Capitol, who
when the Sabines were beseiging the fortress, was bribed by their golden
bracelets and collars to open one of the gates to them. On entering they threw
their shields on her, killing her. Her name was given to the Tarpeian rock, a
cliff on the Capitol over which malefactors were thrown.
In Greek mythology, Tartarus was the part of Hades where the wicked were
Telepylos was the capital city of the Laestrygones.
Telesphorus was the god of that which sustains the convalescent. He is depicted
with Aesculapius and Hygea.
Terminus was the Greek and Roman god of boundaries.
Terpsichore was the muse of dancing.
Tethys was a Titan woman.
There are two descriptions for Teucer, both refer to Greek mythology. The first
is that Teucer was the first King of Troy. He was a son of the river god
Scamander and Idaea. The second that Teucer was son of Telamon and Hesione and
the best archer in the Greek army in the Trojan War. He would have shot Hector
if Zeus had not broken his sbowstring.
Thalia was the muse of comedy and burlesque.
In Greek mythology Thanatos (or Mors in Roman Mythology) was the god of death,
a son of Night and the twin brother of Sleep. He was frequently regarded with
submission, or as coming opportunely, and was represented in the form of a
quiet, pensive youth, winged, standing with his legs crossed, often beside an
urn with a wreath on it, and holding an extinguished torch reversed. Or, as a
personification of endless repose, he appeared in the form of a beautiful youth
leaning against the trunk of a tree, with one arm thrown up over his head - an
attitude by which ancient artists usually expressed repose. It was probably
owing to the spread of the belief that death was a transition from life to
Elysium, that in later times this more attractive representation of the god of
death took the place of the former repulsive representations, whether as a
powerful and violent god, or as a black child in the arms of his mother, Night.
Among the figures sculptured on the chest of Cypselus, a description of which
we have still in Pausanias, was that of Night carrying twin children in her
arms - the one white, representing Sleep, and the other black, representing
In Greek mythology, Themis was a daughter of Uranus and Gaea. She was the Greek
goddess of human rights.
In Greek mythology, Theseus was a son of Aegeus and Aethra. He was king of
Athens. Stories about him include his slaying of the Minotaur.
A thyrsus was a wand wreathed with ivy leaves, and topped with a pine-cone
carried by the Ancient Greeks as a symbol of Bacchus.
In Greek mythology Tiresias was a blind prophet. He was the son of Everus and
Chariclo. There are at least two versions of how he became to be blind. In the
first he was out hunting and found two snakes coupling in a clearing. He killed
the female one at which point Gaia changed him into a woman. Seven years later
by chance he (then a she) found another two snakes in the same place and this
time killed the male, and was immediately changed back into a man. As he had
several lovers while both a man and a woman, Zeus and Hera decided he could
settle an argument over which gave better satisfaction in sex, a man or a
woman. Tiresias agreed with Zeus that men do, and Hera blinded him in rage, but
Zeus rewarded him with prophetic powers. In a second variation, he went blind
after seeing Athene bathing, and after plees from his mother Athene compensated
Tiresias for his blindness with prophetic powers.
In Greek mythology, the Titans were the 12 sons of Ge and Uranus.
Titanomachia was the 10 year war waged in Thessaly by Zeus and the Olympian
gods against Cronos and the Titans led by Atlas. The war deposed the Titans.
In Greek mythology, Tithonus was a son or brother of Laomedon the king of Troy.
He was made immortal by by Zeus at the request of Eos who loved him. However,
she neglected to ask that Tithonus be given the gift of eternal youth, so that
he withered away in an ever increasing decrepitude. The name Tithonus thus
became proverbial for a decrepit old man.
In Greek mythology, Tityos was a son of Gaea and one of the giants. He offered
violence to Leto and was killed by Zeus or Apollo. By way of punishment in
Tartarus he was stretched on the ground, while two vultures perpetually
devoured his liver.
In Greek mythology, Tlepolemus was a son of Hercules. He became king of Argos,
but after killing his uncle Licymnius, he had to flee the country. In obedience
to an oracle, he settled in Rhodes, and there founded the cities of Lindos,
Isalysos and Cameirus. He joined the Greeks in the Trojan war, and was killed
by Sarpedon, king of Lycia.
Triton was a Herald of Neptune. In Greek mythology the Tritons were sea-gods
with the upper half of a human and the lower part of the body that of a fish.
They carried a trumpet which the blew to soothe the waves at the command of
Tros was the grandson of Dardanus and the father of Ilus. He gave his name to
the city of Troy.
In Roman mythology, Turnus was the son of King Daunus and the nymph Venilia. He
was a favourite of Juno, who granted him invulnerability in battle so long as
he was pure, honourable and steadfast. In the war between Turnus' people, the
Rutulians and the Trojan settlers led by Aeneas, Turnus showed all these
qualities, leading his troops with as much dignity and honour as Aeneas
himself. But he let his guard slip for an instant, killing the young prince
Pallas who had rashly challenged him to single combat and wore his belt as a
trophy. Juno withdrew her protection and Aeneas killed him in hand-to-hand
Tyche was the Greek goddess of luck. She was the daughter of Zeus and
identifoed by the Romans as Fortuna.
Tydeus was the son of Oeonus and Calydon. After commiting a murder whilst a
youth he fled to the court of Adrastus.
Tyndareus was the king of Sparta. He was deposed by his brother Hippocoon, and
reinstated by Hercules.
In Greek mythology Typhoeus was a hundred-headed monster who fought with Zeus
and was slain by a thunderbolt. Zeus then caged him under Mount Etna.
In Greek mythology, Typhon was the father of destructive and fierce winds. He
is derived from the Egyptian Set or Seth. According to Homer, he was buried
underground by Zeus.
Ultor (the Avenger) was a title of the Roman god Mars.
Ulysses was the Roman name for Odysseus.
Urania was the muse of astronomy.
In Greek mythology, Uranus was a son of Gaea. He later married Gaea.
Venus was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Aphrodite.
Vertumnus was a Roman god of garden fruits and seasons. He was the husband of
Victoria is an alternative name for Nike.
In Roman mythology, Vortumna was an oracular goddess of the year and destiny.
The matron of gardeners and she who urges reproduction.
Vulcan was the Roman name for the Greek god Hephaestus.
In Greek mythology, Xuthus was a son of Helen by the nymph Orseis. He was King
of Peloponnesus and the husband of Creusa. After the death of his father,
Xuthus was expelled from Thessaly by his brothers and went to Athens, where he
married the daughter of Erechtheus.
Zagreus was a son of Zeus. He was torn apart and eaten by Titans apart from his
heart which Athene saved. He is sometimes identified with Dionysus.
In Greek mythology, Zelus was son of the Titan Pallas and Styx. He was a
constant companion of Zeus and personified zeal.
In Greek mythology, Zethus was a son of Zeus and Antiope and twin brother of
Zeus was the third king of the Greek gods. He had his throne on mount Olympus.
He was a son of Cronus.
In Greek mythology, Zeuxippe was the daughter of Eridanus and the wife of