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In Greek mythology Abaris was a priest to the god Apollo. Apollo gave him a

golden arrow which rendered him invisible and also cured diseases and gave

oracles. Abaris gave the arrow to Pythagoras.


Abas was the son of Celeus and Metaneira. He mocked Demeter and was turned into

a lizard. By some accounts he was the 12th king of Argolis who owned a magic



Abdera was an ancient Greek city supposedly founded by Hercules in honour of

his friend Abderus.


Abderus was a friend of Hercules. Hercules left him to look after the mare of

Diomedes, which ate him.


Absyrtus (Apsyrtus) was a son of Aeetes, King of Colchis and brother of Medea.

When Medea fled with Jason she took Absyrtus with her and when her father

nearly overtook them she murdered Absyrtus and cut his body into pieces and

threw it around the road so that her father would be delayed picking up the

pieces of his son.


Acacetus is a name sometimes given to Hermes because of his eloquence.


Acamas was a son of Theseus and Phaedra. He went to Troy with Diomedes to

demand the return of Helen.


Acastus was a son of Pelias. He was one of the argonauts.


In Greek mythology, Acestes was a Sicilian bowman who in a trial of skill

discharge an arrow with such force that it ignited.


In Greek mythology, Achaeus was a son of Xuthus and Creusa. He returned to

Thessaly and recovered the dominions of which his father had been deprived.


In Greek mythology Achates was a companion of Aeneas in his wanderings

subsequent to his flight from Troy. He typified a faithful friend and companion.


see "Sirens"


In Greek mythology, Achelous was a river god who changed into a snake and a

bull while fighting Hercules, but was defeated when Hercules broke off one of

his horns.


Achemon and his brother Basalas were two Cercopes who were for ever arguing.

One day they insulted Hercules, who tied them by their feet to his club and

marched off with them like a brace of hares.


Acheron was one of the rivers of Hades.


In Greek mythology, Acherusia was a cave on the borders of Pontus which led to

the infernal regions. It was through this cave that Hercules dragged Cerberus

to earth.


In Greek mythology, Achilles was the son of Peleus, king of the Myrmidons in

Thessaly, and of the sea nymph Thetis, who rendered him invulnerable, except

for the heel by which she held him, by dipping him in the river Styx. Achilles

killed Hector at the climax of the Iliad, and according to subsequent Greek

legends was himself killed by Paris, who shot a poisoned arrow into Achilles'



Achmon is an alternative spelling for Achemon.


In Greek mythology, Acis was a son of Faunus and a river nymph. He loved the

sea-nymph Galatea and was killed by his jealous rival Polyphemus.


In Greek mythology, Acontius was a beautiful youth of Ceos. To win the love of

Cydippe, daughter of a noble Athenian, he threw before her, in the precinct of

the temple of Artemis, an apple on which he had written the vow: 'I swear by

the sanctuary of Artemis to marry Acontius.' Cydippe read the words aloud and

threw the apple away but the goddess had heard her, and when Cydippe was about

to marry another she fell so ill that her father married her to Acontius by

order of the Delphic oracle.


In Greek mythology, Acrisius was a son of Abas and the twin brother of Proteus

with whom he quarrelled even in the womb. He was the father of Danae. When Abas

died, Acrisius expelled Proteus from his inheritance, but Proteus returned

supported by Iobates and Acrisius was compelled to give him Tiryns while he

kept Argos.


In Greek mythology, Actaeon was a great hunter who was turned into a stag by

Artemis for looking on her while she was bathing. He was subsequently torn to

pieces by his own dogs.


In the mythology of the Solomon Islands, Adaro is a sea-spirit.


The addanc was a dwarf or marine monster which lived near lake llyon. He was

killed in some accounts by Peredu who obtained a magic stone which made him



Adrastea was an alternative name for Nemesis.


Adrastus was the son of Talaus and the king of Argos. He attempted to restore

Polynices to his throne at Thebes, he failed but led a second assault leading

the Epigoni. He died of grief when he heard that his son had been killed in the

Epigoni assault.


Aello was one of the harpies.


Aeneas was a Trojan hero. He was the son of Anchises and Aphrodite. He led the

survivors of the Trojan war to Italy.


Aeolus was the son of Hippotes. He lived on a rocky island where the winds were

trapped in caves. He let the winds out as commanded by the gods.


Aesculapius was the son of Apollo and Coronis. His mother died at his birth,

struck by an arrow of Artemis. His father saved him and took him to the

physician Chiron who taught Aesculapius about healing, he was the Roman god of

medicine, his worship introduced at Rome about 291 BC.


In Greek mythology, Agamemnon was a Greek hero of the Trojan wars, son of

Atreus, king of Mycenae, and brother of Menelaus. He married Clytemnestra, and

their children included Electra, Iphigenia, and Orestes. He sacrificed

Iphigenia in order to secure favorable winds for the Greek expedition against

Troy and after a ten years' siege sacked the city, receiving Priam's daughter

Cassandra as a prize. On his return home, he and Cassandra were murdered by

Clytemnestra and her lover, Aegisthus. His children Orestes and Electra later

killed the guilty couple.


In Greek mythology, Ajax was son of Telamon, king of Salamis, he was second

only to Achilles among the Greek heroes in the Trojan War. According to

subsequent Greek legends, Ajax went mad with jealousy when Agamemnon awarded

the armor of the dead Achilles to Odysseus. He later committed suicide in shame.


In Greek mythology, Alastor is a name applied to any avenging demon, but

principally to Zeus as the vindicator.


Alcaeus was a son of Perseus and Andromeda.


Alcestis was the wife of Admetus in Greek mythology. Her husband was ill, and

according to an oracle would not recover unless someone vowed to die in his

place. Alcestis made the vow and her husband recovered. After she died Hercules

brought her back from the infernal regions.


Alcides is an alternative name for Hercules.


In Greek mythology, Alcmene is the virgin goddess of midwinter, midwinter's

moon, the new year, stateliness, beauty and wisdom.

Alcmene was the wife of Amphitryon. Zeus visited Alcmene in the form of her

husband, and the child of their union was the Greek hero Heracles.


In Greek mythology, Alcyone is the goddess of the sea, the moon, calm and

tranquility; She who brings life to death and death to life.


In Greek mythology, Alphito was a white goddess of barley flour, destiny and

the moon. The hag of the mill and the lady of the nine heights.


Amaethon was the celtic god of husbandry.


in Greek mythology, the Amazons were a group of female warriors living near the

Black Sea, who cut off their right breasts to use the bow more easily. Their

queen, Penthesilea, was killed by Achilles at the siege of Troy. The Amazons

attacked Theseus and besieged him at Athens, but were defeated, and Theseus

took the Amazon Hippolyta captive; she later gave birth to Hippolytus.


In Greek mythology, ambrosia was the food of the gods which was supposed to

confer eternal life upon all who ate it.


Amor was the Roman god of love.


In Greek mythology, Amphictyonis was the goddess of wine and friendship between



In Greek mythology, Amphion was a son of Zeus and Antiope. He was the husband

of Niobe. Amphion had great skill in music which he was taught by Hermes. He

helped build the walls of Thebes, the stones moving themselves into position at

the sound of his lyre.


Amphitrite was the Greek goddess of the sea and wife of Poseidon.


In Greek mythology, Amphitryon was King of Thebes, son of Alcaeus and husband

of Alcmena.


Amymone was a daughter of Danaus. She and her sisters were sent to search for

water when Poseidon caused a drought in the district of Argos. Whilst searching

she threw a spear at a dear, missed it and hit a satyr which pursued her. She

called to Poseidon for help. He came, drove off the satyr and produced a

perennial spring for her at Lerna, where he met her.


Anadyomene is a name of Aphrodite when she was represented as rising from the



In Roman mythology, Androcles was a Roman slave who fled from a cruel master

into the African desert, where he encountered a crippled lion and took a thorn

from its paw. The lion later recognized the recaptured slave in the arena and

spared his life. The emperor Tiberius was said to have freed them both.


In Greek mythology, Andromache was the wife of Hector.


Andromeda was a daughter of Cepheus and Cassiopea. Perseus found her bound to a

rock as a sacrifice to a sea monster. Perseus rescued her after killing the sea

monster so that she might become his wife.


In Roman mythology, Annona was the Goddess of the circling year and its harvest

produce; Matron of commerce and the market place.


Antaeus was the giant son of Poseidon and Ge. He was invincible so long as he

remained in contact with the earth. Hercules killed him by picking him up so

that his feet were off the ground and then stifling him.


In Greek mythology, Anteros was the god of mutual love. He was said to punish

those who did not return the love of others.


In Crete, Antheia was the goddess of vegetation, lowlands, marshlands, gardens,

blossoms, the budding earth and human love.


Anthesteria was a Greek festival held each year in honour of the gods,

particularly Bacchus and to celebrate the beginning of spring.


In Greek mythology Antigone was a daughter of Oedipus and Jocasta. She was

celebrated for her devotion to her father and her brother Polynices.


In Greek mythology, Antilochus was a son of Nestor. He was a hero of the Trojan

war and was renowned for his speed of foot. He was killed by Memnon.


In Greek mythology, Antiope was a daughter of Nycteus, King of Thebes. Zeus was

attracted by her beauty and came to her in the guise of a Satyr. Antiope

conceived twins by Zeus, and scared of her father's wrath fled to Sicyon where

she married King Epopeus. Antiope was the goddess of the new moon, the gad-fly

dance and fecundity; Mother of the morning and evening star.


Aphrodisia was the festival in celebration of Aphrodite celebrated throughout

Greece and Cyprus.


Aphrodite was the Greek goddess of love. The Romans called her Venus.

In Greek mythology, Aphrodite was the goddess of love (equivalent to the Roman

Venus, Phoenician Astarte and the Babylonian Ishtar). She is said to be either

a daughter of Zeus or to have sprung from the foam of the sea. She was the

unfaithful wife of Hephaestus, the god of fire, and the mother of Eros.

Aphrodite surpassed all the other goddesses in beauty, and hence received the

prize of beauty from Paris. She likewise had the power of granting beauty and

invincible charm to others. In the vegetable kingdom the myrtle, rose, apple,

and poppy, among others, were sacred to Aphrodite, as, in the animal world,

were the sparrow, dove, swan, and swallow.


In Greek and Roman mythology, Apollo was the god of the sun, music, poetry,

prophecy, agriculture, and pastoral life, and leader of the Muses. He was the

twin child of Zeus and Leto. Ancient statues show Apollo as the embodiment of

the Greek ideal of male beauty. Apollo epitomized the transition between

adolescence and manhood in Greek male society.


In Greek mythology, Arachne was a Lydian woman who was so skillful a weaver

that she challenged the goddess Athena to a contest. Athena tore Arachne's

beautiful tapestries to pieces and Arachne hanged herself. She was transformed

into a spider, and her weaving became a cobweb. She was therefore related to

the textile industries. The matron of spinning, weaving and dyeing and the

weaver of destiny.


Arcadia was a green mountainous isolated region in the centre of Peloponnese

inhabited by shepherds and peasants.


Ares was the Greek god of storms and tempests. He was a son of Zeus and Hera.

He became symbolic with storms and turmoil in human relationships and hence to

being the god of war. The Romans called him Mars.


In Greek mythology, Arethusa was a daughter of Nereus and Doris. She was a

nympth changed by Artemis into a fountain to enable her to escape the pursuit

of Alpheus.


In Greek mythology the Argonauts were heroes who made a hazardous voyage to

Colchis with Jason in the ship the Argo to get the golden fleece.


In Greek mythology the Argus was a beast and son of Arestor with a hundred eyes

of which he could only close two at a time. He was placed by Juno to guard Io,

whom Jupiter had changed into a heifer. But Mercury, who was sent to carry her

off, managed to surprise and kill Argus whereupon Juno transfered his eyes to

the tail of a peacock, her favourite bird.


In Greek mythology Ariadne was the daughter of King Minos. She helped Theseus

out of the labyrinth with a thread. She was abandoned by Theseus on the Isle of

Naxos where she subsequently met and married Bacchus.


In Greek mythology the Arimaspians were a one-eyed people who conducted a

perpetual war against the griffins in an attempt to steal the griffin's gold.


In Greek mythology Aristaeus was the son of Apollo and Cyrene. He introduced



Artemis was a Greek goddess of the moon. The Great Virgin Goddess of fertility,

vegetation, the wilderness, wild animal life and the chase.


The Aruspices (Haruspices) were a class of priests in ancient Rome. Their job

was to foretell the future from the entrails of sacrificial victims.


Ascanius was a son of Aeneas and Creusa. He escaped from Troy with his father.


Asclepius was a Greek god of healing. He was the son of Apollo and Coronis. He

was taught the art of healing by Cheiron. Zeus killed him with a thunderbolt as

a punishment for bringing a dead man back to life.


In Greek mythology Astraea was the daughter of Zeus and Themis, the goddess of



In Greek mythology Atalanta was a famous huntress of Arcadia. She was to be

married only to someone who could outrun her in a race, the consequence of

failure being death.


Ate was the goddess of infatuation, mischief and guilt. She would mislead men

into actions which would be the ruin of them.


Athena (Athene) was the Greek goddess of intellect. She was the daughter of

Zeus and Metis.


see "Athena"


Atlantiades was another name for Hermes.


Atlantides was name given to the Pleiades who were fabled to be the seven

daughters of Atlas.


In Greek mythology, Atlantis was an island continent, said to have sunk

following an earthquake. The Greek philosopher Plato created an imaginary early

history for it and described it as a utopia.


Atlas was a giant who had to support the heavens upon his shoulders.


In Greek mythology Atreus was the son of Pelops and Hippodamia. He was King of

Mycenae. To seek revenge on his brother Thyestes for seducing his wife, Atreus

gave a banquet at which Thyestes dined on the flesh of his own sons.


In classical mythology, Attis was a Phrygian god whose death and resurrection

symbolized the end of winter and the arrival of spring. He was loved by the

goddess Cybele, who drove him mad as a punishment for his infidelity, he

castrated himself and bled to death.

Augean stables

in Greek mythology, the Augean stables were the stables of Augeas, king of Elis

in southern Greece. One of the labours of Hercules was to clean out the

stables, which contained 3,000 cattle and had never been cleaned before. He was

given only one day to do the task so he diverted the river Alpheus through

their yard.


Aurora was goddess of the dawn. She was the daughter of Hyperion and Theia, and

sister of Helios and Selene.


In Greek mythology, Autolycus was an accomplished thief and trickster. He was a

son of the god Hermes, who gave him the power of invisibility.


Bacchanalia were feasts held in honour of Bacchus and characterized by

licentiousness and revelry.


Bacchus was another name for Dionysus.


see "Achemon"


In Greek mythology, Bateia was a daughter of Teucer. She was married to

Dardanus by whom she had two sons, Ilus and Erichthonius.


In Greek mythology, Bellerophon was a victim of slander who was sent against

the monstrous chimera, which he killed with the help of his winged horse

Pegasus. After further trials, he ended his life as a beggar. His story was

dramatized by Euripides.


Bellona was the Roman goddess of war.


Beltaine is the name of the feast of the spring equinox.


In Greek mythology, Bia was a son of Styx and the Titan Pallas. Bia was the

personification of might and force.


Boan was another name for Dana. In this version of events, Boan visited a

sacred well which, to punish her for breaking the law, rose up and pursued her

to the sea and thus became the river Boyne where lived the salmon of knowledge

which fed on nuts dropped from the nine hazel trees at the water's edge.


In Greek mythology, Boreas was the north wind god. He was the son of Astraeus

and Aurora.


In Greek mythology, Briareus or Aegaeon was a son of Uranus and Gaea. He was a

giant with a hundred hands and fifty heads who helped Zeus to conquer the

Titans, and guarded them when they were imprisoned in Tartarus.


In Cretan mythology, Britomartis was a daughter of Zeus and Carme. Like

Artemis, she was a virgin huntress. Minos loved and persued her, and to escape

from him she threw herself into the sea but was saved by Artemis who made her a



Bromius was another name for Dionysus.


In Greek mythology, the bucentaur was a mythical creature, half man and half ox


Buryale was one of the Gorgons.


In Greek mythology, Busiris was a king of Egypt and the reputed founder of the

city of Thebes. He was killed by Hercules.


In Greek mythology, Cadmus was the son of Agenor, king of Phoenicia, and the

brother of Europa. He settled in Thrace and then in Boeotia where he founded

the ancient city of Cadmeia. He gave the Greeks an alphabet.


Caduceus is the winged and serpent twisted staff or wand of Hermes.


Calliope was the muse of eloquence and heroic poems. She was the chief of the

muses, and was said to have been the mother of Orpheus by Apollo.


Callisto was a daughter of Lycaon. She was one of Artemis' huntresses. She bore

arcas to Zeus. To conceal their affair, Zeus turned her into a bear.


In Greek mythology, Calypso was a sea nymph who inhabited the island of Ogygia.

She waylaid the homeward-bound Odysseus and promissed him immortality if he

would marry her. After seven years she was ordered by the gods to let him



In Greek mythology, Cassandra was the daughter of Priam, King of Troy. Her

prophecies were never believed, because she had rejected the love of the god

Apollo. She was murdered with Agamemnon by his wife Clytemnestra, having been

awarded as a prize to the Greek hero on his sacking of Troy.


Castor was the twin brother of polydeuces. He was a son of Zeus and Leda. He,

like his brother was born from an egg after Zeus visited Leda disguised as a



Celaeno was one of the harpies.


In Greek mythology, Celeus was King of Eleusis and the husband of Metaneira.


A centaur was a beast half horse, and with the head, torso and arms of a man.


Cepheus was the king of Aethiopia. He displeased Poseidon by having a beautiful

daughter, Andromeda. Poseidon then sent floods and a sea monster to terrorise

the area until cepheus gave his daughter as a sacrifice to the sea monster.


Cerberus was a huge and savage dog with three heads which guarded the entrance

to Hades. He was the offspring of Echidne and Typhon.


Cercyon was a son of Hephaestus. He was king near Eleusis. He challenged all

travellers and wrestled them to death until he challenged and was killed by



Ceres was the Roman goddess of agriculture, equivalent to the Greek Demeter.


In Greek mythology, the cestus was a girdle worn by Aphrodite and which was

endowered with the power of exciting love towards the wearer.


The Chalybes were mythical inhabitants of north Asia Minor who invented iron



In Greek mythology, Chaos was the infinite space before Ge (the earth) was



The Charites were the Greek goddesses of gracefulness and the charms of beauty.


Charon was the ferryman who transported the dead across the river Styx to Hades.


In Greek mythology, the charybdis was a whirlpool formed by a monster of the

same name on one side of the narrow straits of Messina, Sicily, opposite the

monster Scylla.


Cheiron was a centaur. He was a son of Cronus and Philyra. He learnt hunting

and medicine from Apollo and Artemis.


The chimaera was a monster composed of the head of a lion, the body of a goat

and a serpant for a tail. Bellerophon was sent to slay it.


In Greek mythology, Chryse was a warlike goddess of the metal gold, in its

refinement and all that is regarded as having great value.


In Greek mythology, Circe was an enchantress living on the island of Aeaea. In

Homer's Odyssey, she turned the followers of Odysseus into pigs. Odysseus,

bearing the herb moly provided by Hermes to protect him from the same fate,

forced her to release his men.


Clio was the muse of history.


In Greek mythology, Clytemnestra was the wife of Agamemnon. With the help of

her lover Aegisthus, she murdered her husband and his paramour Cassandra on his

return from the Trojan War, and was in turn killed by her son Orestes.


In later Greek mythology, Comus was a god of revelry, banquets and nocturnal

entertainments. He was generally depicted as a drunken youth. The depiction by

Milton of Comus as a son of Bacchus and Circe was an idea thought of by Milton,

and not the Greeks or Romans.


Corbenic was the castle in the Arthurian legend in which the Holy Grail was



In Greek mythology, the cornucopia was one of the horns of the goat Amaltheia,

which was caused by Zeus to refill itself indefinitely with food and drink.


Cratos was a son of Uranus and Gaea. He was very strong.


In Greek mythology, Creusa was the daughter of Erechtheus and wife of Xuthus.

She was also loved by Apollo.


Cronus was the son of Uranus. He succeeded to the throne of the gods when

Uranus was deposed. He married Rhea. He appears in Greek mythology.


Cupid was another name for Amor.


Cupido is an alternative spelling for Cupid.


In Greek mythology the Curetes were attendants of Rhea. They were supposed to

have saved the infant Zeus from his father Cronus and then to have become a

sort of bodyguard of the god.


Cybele was the Great Mother Goddess of the Phrygians and later the Greeks and



In Greek mythology, the Cyclops wereone of a race of Sicilian giants, who had

one eye in the middle of the forehead and lived as shepherds. Odysseus blinded

the Cyclops Polyphemus in Homer's Odyssey.


In Greek mythology, Daedalus was an Athenian artisan whose skill rivalled that

of Hephaestus. He was ordered by King Minos to construct a vast underground

palace linked by a labyrinth of rooms into which Minos imprisoned his wife

Pasiphae and her monstrous child the Minotaur. Daedalus fled from Crete because

he knew the secret of the labyrinth and didn't trust Minos not to kill him. He

fled with his son Icarus using wings made by them from feathers fastened with



In Greek and Roman mythology, the daemons (or genii) were an order of invisible

beings. The Greeks believed them to be inferior deities and that Zeus assigned

one daemon to each man and woman at his birth, to attend, protect and guide him

or her and at his or her death dying with him or her. They were nameless, and

like the multitude of mankind, innumerable. Some of them acted as personal

attendants to deities of a higher order, and in that case were represented

under particular forms, and enjoyed distinctive names, while others were

believed to watch over particular districts, towns or nations. The Romans

belived them tobe intermediate beings linking mankind with the gods.


The Danaans were one of the three Nemedian families who survived the Fomorian

victory. The brought the stone of destiny from Falias.


In Greek mythology, Danae was daughter of Acrisius, king of Argos. He shut her

up in a bronze tower because of a prophecy that her son would kill his

grandfather. Zeus became enamored of her and descended in a shower of gold; she

gave birth to Perseus.


Daphne was a daughter of Peneus. She was pursued by Apollo and asked to be

turned into a laurel tree to escape him, which she was.


Daphnis was a son of Hermes and a nymph. He was raised by Sicillian shepherds

when his mother abandoned him.


In Greek mythology, Dardanus was a son of Zeus and Electra. He was originally a

king in Arcadia, he migrated to Samothrace and from there to Asia where Teucer

gave him the site of his town, Dardania. He married Bateia.


Deianeira was the daughter of Oeonus and the wife of Hercules.


Deidamia fell in love with Achilles and bore him Neoptolemus.


Demeter was a Greek goddess of the earth. She is also called Ceres. She was the

nourishing mother, bringing forth fruits. She was a daughter of Cronus and Rhea.


A demigod was a Greek hero. They were men who posessed god-like strength and

courage and who had performed great tasks in the past.


In Greek mythology, Deucalion was the son of Prometheus. Warned by his father

of a coming flood, Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha built an ark. After the waters

had subsided, they were instructed by a god to throw stones over their

shoulders which then became men and women.


Dia is an alternative name for Hebe.


Diana was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Artemis.


Dike was the attendant of justice to Nemesis.


Dionysus was a Greek god of happiness. He was also called Bacchus and Iacchus.


see "Erinys"


In Roman mythology, Dis was the god of the underworld, also known as Orcus.


Discordia was the Roman goddess of strife.


The dryades were nymphs of the woods and trees.


Echo was a mountain nymph and a servant of Hecate.


In Roman mythology, Egeria was a goddess of healing springs, wisdom, human laws

and death. She was the Oak-Queen and granter of easy deliveries.


Eirene was the goddess of peace.


In Greek mythology, Electra was daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra, and

sister of Orestes and Iphigenia. Her hatred of her mother for murdering her

father and her desire for revenge, fulfilled by the return of her brother

Orestes, made her the subject of tragedies by the Greek dramatists Aeschylus,

Sophocles, and Euripides.


Electryon was a son of Perseus and Andromeda.


The Elementals are creatures or spirits of the elements. They are the forces of



In Greek mythology, Elysium was originally another name for the Islands of the

Blessed, to which favored heroes were sent by the gods to enjoy a life after

death. It was later a region in Hades.


In Greek mythology, Endymion was a beautiful young man loved by Selene, the

Moon goddess. He was granted eternal sleep in order to remain forever young.


Enyo was the Greek goddess of war.


Eos was the goddess of dawn. She was the daughter of Hyperion and Thia, and

sister of Helios and Selene.


In Greek mythology, Epaphus was a son of zeus and Io who was born on the River

Nile. He became King of Egypt and married Memphis, or by some accounts

Cassiopeia. he had a daughter, Libya, who gave her name to the African country

of Libya.


The Epigoni were the descendants of the seven against Thebes who attacked the

city ten years after their fathers had done so. They were organised by Adrastus.


Epimetheus was the brother of Prometheus.


Erato was the muse of love and marriage songs.


Erebus was the Greek god of darkness.


In Greek mythology, Erechtheus (Erichthonius) was an Attic hero, said to have

been the son of Hephaestus and Atthis. He was brought up by Athena.


see "Erechtheus"


Eridanus was a Greek river god known as the king of rivers. He was a son of

Oceanus and Tethys.


In Greek mythology, Erigone was the goddess of death, trees and fertility and

associated with wine and a pastoral economy.


The Erinys or Furiae also called Dirae, Eumenides, or Semnae - that is, the

"revered" goddesses - were, in Greek mythology, daughters of Night, or,

according to another myth, of the Earth and Darkness, while a third account

calls them offspring of Cronus and Eurynome. They were attendants of Hades and

Persephone, and lived at the entrance to the lower world. Their first duty was

to see to the punishment of those of the departed who, having been guilty of

some crime on earth, had come down to the shades without obtaining atonement

from the gods. At the command of the higher gods, sometimes of Nemesis, they

appeared on earth pursuing criminals. Nothing escaped their sharp eyes as they

followed the evil-doer with speed and fury, permitting him no rest.


Eris was the Greek goddess of strife, deceit, discord and disputation. The

provoker of rivalry, contention, murder and wars.


Eros was the Greek god of love. He was the son of Aphropdite.


In Greek mythology, Eteocles was a son of the incestuous union of Oedipus and

Jocasta and brother of Polynices. He denied his brother a share in the kingship

of Thebes, thus provoking the expedition of the Seven against Thebes, in which

he and his brother died by each other's hands.


see "Erinys"


Europa was the daughter of Agenor. She was carried off by Zeus who had

transformed himself into a great white bull.


Eurus was the east wind god.


Euryale was one of the gorgons.


In Greek mythology, Eurydice was the wife of Orpheus. She was a dryad, or

forest nymph, and died from a snake bite. Orpheus attempted unsuccessfully to

fetch her back from the realm of the dead.


Euterpe was the muse of music.


Fama was an alternative name for the Roman goddess Pheme. In this form she was

the mighty goddess of the word of mouth and human gossip. She Who initiates and

furthers communication.


In Greek and Roman mythology, the Fates was goddesses who decreed what would

happen to both men and gods.


In Roman mythology, Fauna was the mother goddess of earth, rural life, fields,

cattle and wild creatures. She was a protectress of women.


Faunus was a Roman god similar to Pan.


In Roman mythology, Februata was the oracular goddess of love's passion. She

who calls forth animals from their winter hibernation.


In Roman mythology, Felicitas was the goddess of joyous events, laughter,

happiness and contentment. She who suckles the young.


Flora was the Roman goddess of flowers, youth, and spring.


In Roman mythology, Fornax was the goddess of the mysteries of bread-baking and

the embryo's development.


Fortuna was the Roman goddess of luck.


see "Erinys"


Gaea was a Greek goddess of the earth.


In Greek mythology, Galatea was the daughter of Nereus and Doris. She rejected

the advances of the Cyclops Polyphemus and instead gave herself to the Sicilian

shepherd Acis. Polyphemus crushed Acis beneath a rock.


Ganymeda is an alternative name for Hebe.


Ganymedes was a son of the Trojan king Tros. He was carried off by Zeus and

became the cup-bearer of the gods.


Genii is an alternative name for the daemons.

Golden fleece

The golden fleece was the fleece of the ram on which Phrixus had escaped and

was given to aetes the king of colchis. It hung from an oak tree in the grove

of Ares where a dragon guarded it.

Gordian Knot

In Greek mythology, the Gordian Knot was tied by King Gordius, and could only

be unravelled by a future conquerer of Asia. Alexander cut it with his sword in



In Greek mythology, the Gorgons; Stheino, Buryale, and Medusa, were daughters

of Phorcys and Ceto. Two of them were believed to be immortal, while the third.

Medusa, the youngest and most beautiful of them, was mortal. She loved

Poseidon, and having met him once in the temple of Athene, to the desecration

of that building, was punished by having her beautiful hair turned into snakes,

thus making her appearance more ghastly than that of her sisters. Her face was

terrible to behold, turning the spectator into stone. At last Perseus, finding

her asleep, cut off her head with his curved sword, and presented it to Athene,

who had assisted him in the enterprise, to be worn on her aegis or shield as a

terror to her enemies. The ancient poets describe the Gorgons generally as

horrid, aged women, and frequently place them by the side of the Furies. In

early times there was only one Gorgon - Medusa - instead of the three of later

times. The winged horse, Pegasus, was the offspring of her and Poseidon. In art

Perseus is represented standing with sword in one hand and the head of Medusa

in the other, turning his face away to avoid seeing it. The subject of Perseus

cutting off the head of Medusa occurs in one of the earliest examples of Greek

sculpture - one of the metopes of the oldest temple at Selinus, in Sicily; and

from the conventional manner in which her face is represented, compared with

the other parts of the sculpture, it is agreed that the type must have been

familiar for some time to Greek art. To possess a representation of a Gorgon's

face waa to be provided with a charm against ills, and accordingly it was

frequently employed as a personal ornament.


Graces is an alternative name for the Charites.


In Greek mythology, the Graeae were three daughters of Phorcys and Ceto: Deino,

Pephredo, and Enyo; their names meaning respectively "alarm", "dread", and

"horror". They were sisters and at the same time guardians of the Gorgons, they

were conceived as misshapen hideous creatures, hoary and withered from their

birth, with only one eye and one tooth for the common use of the three, and

were supposed to inhabit a dark cavern near the entrance to Tartarus. The

belief in their existence seems to have been originally suggested by the gray

fog or mist which lies upon the sea and is a frequent source of danger to the

mariner. It is said that Perseus obtained from them the necessary information

as to the dwelling of the Gorgons by seizing; their solitary eye and tooth, and

refusing to return them until they showed him the way.


The griffin was a mythical monster, the supposed guardian of hidden treasure,

with the body, tail, and hind legs of a lion, and the head, forelegs, and wings

of an eagle.


In Wishok mythology, Guatrigakwitl is the creator who made all things.


Hades was the Greek god of the underworld. He was a son of Cronus.


In Greek mythology, Haemus was a son of Boreas and Oreithyia. He married

Rhodope and by her had a son, Hebrus. He and his wife presumed to assume the

names of Zeus and Hera and were turned into mountains for their insolence.


Harmonia was the daughter of Ares and Aphrodite. She married Cadmus. At the

wedding she was given a necklace made by Hephaestus which confered irresistible

beauty upon the wearer.


In Greek and Roman mythology the Harpies were creatures employed by the higher

gods to carry out the punishment of crime. They were three in number : Aello,

Ocypete, and Celaeno, or Podarge; and were said to be daughters of the giant

Thaumas and the Oceanid nymph Electra. Their body was that of a bird, their

head that of a woman; and it would seem that they were originally goddesses of

the storm, which carries everything along with it. Their manner of punishing

those whom they were sent to punish was to carry off all the food set before

their victim, and devour it, or failing that, to render it uneatable. Among

others who were punished in this way was Phineus, a king of Thrace, his crime

having been cruelty toward his own son and contempt of the gods. For showing

the Argonauts the way to Colchis he was, however, freed from their persecution

by Calais and Zetes, the winged sons of Boreas, who, in gratitude, killed them.


Hebe was the goddess of youth. She was the daughter of Zeus and Hera.


In Greek mythology, Hebrus was a river god. He was the son of Haemus and



Hecate was a Greek goddess of the moon and spirits. Dogs were sacred to her.


In Greek mythology, Hector was a Trojan prince, son of King Priam and husband

of Andromache, who, in the siege of Troy, was the foremost warrior on the

Trojan side until he was killed by Achilles.


In Greek mythology, Helen was the daughter of Zeus and Leda, and the most

beautiful of women. She married Menelaus, King of Sparta, but during his

absence, was abducted by Paris, Prince of Troy. This precipitated the Trojan

War. Afterwards she returned to Sparta with her husband.


Helicon was a mountain in central Greece, on which was situated a spring and a

sanctuary sacred to the Muses.


Helios was the Greek god of physical light.


In Greek mythology, Helle was the daughter of Athamas, King of Thessaly, and

sister of Phryxes. With her brother she ran away from Ino, their cruel

stepmother, on a ram with a Golden Fleece. Helle fell into the sea and drowned,

thus giving her name to the Hellespont.


Hemera was the Greek goddess of day. She was born from Erebus and Nyx. She

emerged from Tartarus as Nyx left it and returned to it as she was emerging

from it.


Hephaestus was the Greek god of volcanic fire. The Romans called him Vulcan. He

was the son of Zeus and Hera.


Hera was a Greek goddess. She was mother to Hephaestus.


see "Hercules"


In Greek and Roman mythology, Hercules (Heracles) was considered as the perfect

athlete. He was given twelve labours.

1) Kill the Nemean lion.

2) Destroy the Lernean hydra.

3) Capture alive the Erymanthian boar.

4) Capture alive the Ceryneian stag.

5) Kill the Stymphalian birds.

6) Clean the Augean stables.

7) Bring alive into Peloponnesus the Cretan bull.

8) Obtain the horses of Diomedes.

9) Obtain the girdle of Hippolyte.

10) Kill the monster and cattle of Geryon.

11) Obtain the apples of Hesperides.

12) Bring from the infernal regions Cerbeus the three headed dog of Hades.


In Greek mythology, Hermaphroditus was the son of Hermes and Aphrodite. He was

loved by a nymph who asked for eternal union with him. Her request was granted

and they became one body with both male and female sex organs.


Hermes was the Greek god of oratory. He was a son of Zeus and Maia.


The Hesperides were daughters of Atlas and Hesperis.


Hestia was a Greek goddess. She was a daughter of Cronus and Rhea. She was

goddess of the hearth. She was also called Vesta.


In Greek mythology, Hippocoon was a King of Sparta. He was the son of Oebalus

and Gorgophone. He refused to purify Hercules after he murdered Iphitus and

further offended Hercules by killing Oeonus.


In Greek mythology, Hippolytus was the son of Theseus. When he rejected the

love of his stepmother, Phaedra, she falsely accused him of making advances to

her and turned Theseus against him. Killed by Poseidon at Theseus' request, he

was in some accounts of the legend restored to life when his innocence was



The horae were the Greek goddesses of the seasons. They were daughters of Zeus

and Themis.


In Greek mythology, the Hydra was a huge monster with nine heads. If one were

cut off, two would grow in its place. One of the 12 labours of Hercules was to

kill it.


Hygea was the daughter of Aesculapius. She was the goddess of health.


Hymen was the Greek and Roman god of marriage.


Hymenaeus is an alternative name for Hymen.


In Greek mythology, Hynos or Somnus, was a son of Night, and the twin brother

of Thanatos (death), with whom he lived in deep subterranean darkness at the

entrance to Tartarus. His influence extended to gods as well as men, and by the

latter he was viewed as a special benefactor, giving the weary refreshing rest,

and sufferers alleviation of their pain.

He was represented in different forms and attitudes, with different attributes

- now nude, or lightly or heavily clad, now standing, or striding hastily, or

reposing heavily; or as a powerful youth holding a poppy or a horn, from which

sleep trickled down on those reposing; or as a child, and sometimes as a

bearded, aged man. On his head were the wings of a hawk or a night bird, and

beside him frequently a lizard. He was looked on as a favourite of the Muses,

apparently because of the dreams he was supposed to communicate to men.


Iacchus is an alternative name for Dionysus.


Icarus escaped from the Minos labyrinth by means of wings made by his father

Daedalus. In escaping he flew too close to the sun, the wax holding the

feathers to the wings melted and icarus fell into the sea and drowned.


see "Leucothea"


In Greek mythology, Io was the daughter of Inachus. She was beloved of Zeus.

Zeus changed her into a white heifer to protect her from the jealousy of Hera.


In Greek mythology Ion was the son of Apollo and the Arthenian princess Creusa,

whom Apollo raped on the Acropolis. Creusa abandoned Ion at birth, and Apollo

took the child to Delphi, where he was brought up in ignorance of his true

parentage. In the meantime, Creusa married King Xuthus. After several childless

years, they went to delphi to ask advice. Apollo told Xuthus that the first

person he met on leaving the shrine would be his son - and that person was Ion.

Furious that Xuthus was adopting someone she took to be a stranger, Creusa

tried to kill Ion, but Apollo appeared and explained the situation. They all

went back to Athens and in due course Ion sailed North and became the ancestor

of the Ionian nation.


In Greek mythology, Iphigenia was a daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra. She

was sacrificed by her father at Aulis to secure favorable winds for the Greek

fleet in the expedition against Troy, on instructions from the prophet Calchas.

According to some accounts, she was saved by the goddess Artemis, and made her



Irene was the Greek goddess of peace. She was sometimes regarded as one of the

Horae, who presided over the seasons and the order of nature, and were the

daughters of Zeus and Themis.


Iris was the goddess of the rainbow. She was the daughter of Thaumas and

Electra. She was a sister of the harpies. She was a messenger who conveyed

divine commands from Zeus and Hera to mankind.


In Greek mythology, Ismene was the youngest child of Oedipus and Jocasta, and

the sister of Antigone, Eteocles and Polynices. When Antigone proposed to bury

Polynices against King Creon of Thebes' orders, Ismene refused to help, but

when Antigone was arrested and charged with the burial, she tried to share the

blame, only to be rejected contemptuously by her sister.


In Greek mythology, Ixion was King of the Lapithae in Thessaly who was punished

for his wickedness by being tied to a perpetually revolving wheel of fire.


Janus was a two faced Roman god of beginnings and ends.


Jason was the rightful king of Iolcus. He was smuggled out of Iolcus by

Cheiron. When Jason returned to claim his birthright, Pelias sent him to fetch

the golden fleece from Colchis.


Jocasta was the wife of Laius the king of Thebes. She unwittingly had incest

with Oedipus, bringing a plague on Thebes. Her father sacrificed himself to rid

Thebes of the plague. Jocasta hanged herself when she learnt the truth of her

marriage to Oedipus.


Juno was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Hera.


Jupiter was the Roman name for the Greek god Zeus.


In Roman mythology, Juturna was a goddess of springs, rivers, aqueducts and

fountains. The matron of architects and sculptors.


In Roman mythology, Juventas was a goddess of increase and blessings. She was

representative of the eternal youth and solidarity of a species.


In Greek mythology, Lacedaemon was a son of Zeus and Taygete. He married

Sparte. He was King of Lacedaemon and named the capital city Sparta after his



The Laestrygones were a race of giant cannibals. They were ruled by Lamus. At

Telepylos Odysseus lost all but one of his ships to them.


Laius was the king of Thebes and father of Oedipus.


Laocoon was a Trojan prophet, son of Antenor and a priest of Apollo and

Poseidon. He warned the Trojans against the Wooden Horse.


Laodice was a daughter of Priam and the wife of Helicaon. When Troy fell she

was swallowed by the earth.


The Lares were beings of the Roman religion protecting households and towns.


Larissa was a city in Thessaly where Achilles was reportedly born.


Leda was a daughter of Thestius. She was the wife of Tyndareus. She was seduced

by Zeus and gave birth to two eggs. From one hatched her daughter Helen and son

Polydeuces, and from the other hatched Castor.


Lemnos was a small island at the mouth of the Hellespont. Hephaestus landed on

Lemnos when Zeus threw him out of heaven, and set up a forge on the island.


In Greek mythology, Lethe was a river of the underworld whose waters, when

drunk, brought forgetfulness of the past.


In Greek mythology Leto was the mother of Apollo.


Leuce was a nymph loved by Hades. He turned her into a white poplar tree.


Leucothea was a friendly sea-goddess who assisted Odysseus in his dangerous

voyage. She was the daughter of Cadmus and originally the wife of Athamas, in

which capacity she bore the name of Ino. She had incurred the wrath of Hera

because she had suckled the infant Bacchus, and was pursued by her raving

husband and thrown into the sea where she was saved by a dolphin and

subsequently took her place as a marine deity under the name of Leucothea.

Liber Pater

Liber Pater was an ancient Italian god of the vine.


Libera was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Persephone.


In Greek mythology, the Litai were sweet-natured goddesses, whose special duty

was to recompense the persons whom Ate had reduced to distress and ruin. Their

name signifies " prayers of the penitent," and the allegory in this case is not

far to seek. Prayers atone and make amends for what a man does to the harm of

others in thoughtlessness or from infatuation, without wicked thought or

design. In the Homeric poems they are described as lame, wrinkled, and

squinting - those deformities being caused by the trouble they had in making

good the harm done by Ate. Penitent prayers were at best but sorry aid in

making good the evil done from infatuation or carelessness. The Litai were

supposed to be daughters of Zeus, and to place before him the prayers of those

who invoked his assistance.


Luna was the Roman name of the Greek goddess Selene.


Lutinus was the Roman name for the Greek god Priapus.


In Greek mythology, Maia was the daughter of Atlas and the mother of Hermes.


The manes were the souls of departed people in the Greek and Roman religions.


Mars was the Roman name for the Greek god Ares.


In Greek mythology, Marsyas was a satyr who took up the pipes thrown down by

the goddess Athena and challenged the god Apollo to a musical contest. On

losing, he was flayed alive.


In Greek mythology, Medea was the sorceress daughter of the king of Colchis.

When Jason reached Colchis, she fell in love with him, helped him acquire the

Golden Fleece, and they fled together. When Jason later married Creusa,

daughter of the king of Corinth, Medea killed his bride with the gift of a

poisoned garment, and then killed her own two children by Jason.


Meditrina was a Roman goddess of health. She was a sister of Hygea.


Medusa was the youngest and most beautiful of the Gorgons. She loved Poseidon

and desecrated the temple of Athene by meeting Poseidon there. For this she was

punished by having her hair turned to snakes. The result was her appearance was

so hideous to behold that it would turn the viewer to stone.


In Greek mythology, Megapenthes was a son of Proteus and King of Argos. He

exchanged his dominion with that of Perseus and afterwards killed Perseus.


Melpomene was the muse of tragedy.


Memnon was the son of Eos and Tithonus. He was the king of Ethiopia who helped

the Trojans and killed many Greeks. He was killed by Achilles in single combat

whilst Zeus weighed their fates in the balance.


Menelaus was the husband of Helen of Troy.


Mercury was the Roman name for the Greek god Hermes.


In Greek mythology, Midas was a king of Phrygia who was granted the gift of

converting all he touched to gold. He soon regretted his gift, as his food and

drink were also turned to gold. For preferring the music of Pan to that of

Apollo, he was given ass's ears by the latter.


Minerva was the Roman name of the Greek goddess Athene.


In Greek mythology, Minos was a king of Crete (son of Zeus and Europa). He was

a philanderer, and this displeased his wife Pasiphae who blamed Aphrodite. He

demanded a yearly tribute of young men and girls from Athens for the Minotaur.

After his death, he became a judge in Hades.


In Greek mythology, the Minotaur was a monster, half man and half bull,

offspring of Pasiphae, wife of King Minos of Crete, and a bull. It lived in the

Labyrinth at Knossos, and its victims were seven girls and seven youths, sent

in annual tribute by Athens, until Theseus killed it, with the aid of Ariadne,

the daughter of Minos.


Mnemosyne was the mother of the muses. She signified the memory of great events.


Moerae was the Greek goddess of right and reason.


Momus was the ancient Greek god of jeering. He jeered bitterly at the actions

of both men and gods, sparing no one with his insinuations except Aphrodite, in

whom he could find nothing to blame, and vexed himself to death in consequence.


In Greek mythology, Morpheus was one form of the god of dreams (the other being

Oneiros). His job was to fashion dreams, as the gods desired them to be sent to

men. In this task he was assisted by Icelus, who fashioned those dreams that

had all the appearance of reality, by Phobetor, the author of alarming dreams,

and Phantasus, who tricked sleepers with innumerable and strange phenomena. But

we find Morpheus also represented in the capacity of a sort of watchman and

guardian of dreams, as Aeolus was of the winds.


Mors was the Roman version of the Greek god Thanatos.


see "muses"


The muses were nympths of the springs.


Myrtilus was the son of Hermes.


In Greek mythology, the Na'iads were nymphs of fountains and brooks.


In Greek mythology, Narcissus was a beautiful youth who rejected the love of

the nymph Echo and was condemned to fall in love with his own reflection in a

pool. He pined away and in the place where he died a flower sprang up that was

named after him.


Nauplius was the son of Amymone and Poseidon. He was the wrecker of Nauplia.


Nemesis was the goddess of punishment.


Neptune was the Roman name for the Greek god Poseidon.


In Greek mythology, the Nereid were 50 sea goddesses, or nymphs, who sometimes

mated with mortals. Their father was Nereus and their mother was Doris.


In Greek mythology, Nereus was a sea god. He was a son of Pontys and Gaea.


Nike was the goddess of victory. She was the daughter of Pallas and Styx. She

helped the gods in their battle against the titans and was rewarded by Zeus.


In Greek mythology, Niobe was the daughter of Tantalus and wife of Amphion, the

king of Thebes. She was contemptuous of the goddess Leto for having produced

only two children, Apollo and Artemis. She died of grief when her own 12

offspring were killed by them in revenge, and was changed to stone by Zeus.


Notus was the south wind god.


A nymph was a higher being than a human, but not immortal like a god. They were

respected in mythology.


see "nymph"


Nyx was a goddess of night. She was a daughter of Chaos. She married Erebus.


The oceanides were forty sea nymphs of the ocean. They were the daughters of



In Greek mythology, Oceanus was the son of Uranus and Gaea. He was the only

Titan not to revolt against Uranus.


Ocypete was one of the harpies.


Odysseus was a Greek hero. He devised the strategy of the wooden horse used by

the Greeks to conquer Troy.


Oedipus was the son of Laius. The Delphic oracle foretold that Laius would be

killed by his son, so Oedipus was abandoned on mount Cithaeron with a nail

through his feet. However, he was found by a shepherd and raised by Polybus.

Hearing that he would kill his father, Oedipus left Corinth and met Laius on

his travel. He killed him in an argument not knowing who he was.


In Greek mythology, Oeonus was a son of Licymnius. He was attacked by a dog

belonging to the sons of Hippocoon, he threw a stone at the dog and in revenge

the sons of Hippocoon killed him.


Oileus was one of the Argonauts, he was the father of Ajax.


Omphale was queen of Lydia. She bought Hercules as a slave who stayed with her

for three years.


In Greek mythology Oneiros was one form of the god of dreams (the other being

Morpheus). Oneiros was properly a personification of dreams, whether idle or

deceptive or really prophetic. Dreams of the former class were supposed to

issue from the ivory gates, tliose of the latter class from the horn gate, of

the palace where they were kept, beside the Western Ooeanus. He was called a

child of Night, sometimes a child of Sleep, and was directly under the control

of the superior order of gods, who, as they pleased, despatched deceptive or

prophetic dreams to men.


Ops was the Roman goddess of plenty and the personification of abundance.


The oreades were mountain nymphs.


Orestes was the son of Clytemnestra and Agamemnon. As a child he was smuggled

out of Mycenae by his sister Electra when Clytemnestra and Aegisthus seized

power. He later killed Clytemnestra with the help of Electra and Pylades and

was punished by the Erinnyes.


Orion was a giant and son of Poseidon. He was a hunter and very handsome. He

was promised the hand of Merope whom he loved if he could ride Chios. He did

but was not given Merope so he seduced her. Apollo caused his death at the

hands of Artemis who put his image in the stars.


Orpheus was a mythical Greek poet and musician. The son of Apollo and a muse

(possibly Calliope), he married Eurydice, who died from the bite of a snake.

Orpheus went down to Hades to bring her back and her return to life was granted

on condition that he walk ahead of her without looking back. He did look back

and Eurydice was irretrievably lost. In his grief, he offended the maenad women

of Thrace, and was torn to pieces by them.


In Roman mythology, Ossipago was a minor goddess of skeletal structures and the

strengthener of fetal bones.


In Greek mythology Ourania was a mountain goddess of summer, especially

mid-summer. The Queen of the winds and ruler of the night sky.


Pales was a Roman god of cattle-rearing.


In Greek mythology Pallas was one of the Titans. He was a son of Crius and

Eurybia and brother of Astraeus and Perses. He married Styx and fathered Zelus,

Cratos, Bia and Nike.


Pan was the Greek god who looked after shepherds and their flocks. His

parentage is unsure. In some accounts he is the son of Zeus, in others the son

of Hermes. His mother was a nymph.


In Greek mythology, Pandarus was the leader of the forces of Zeleia in Lycia at

the Trojan War. He was the second best Greek archer (next to Paris) and fought

in the Trojan War as an archer.


In Greek mythology, Pandion was a son of Erichthonius, the King of Athens.


Pandora was a woman made by the gods. She was taken to Epimetheus by Hermes. He

made her his wife, against his brother's advice. Pandora came with a sealed

vase. Her husband was tempted and opened the vase from which came all the

troubles, weariness and illnesses that mankind is now burderned with.


In Greek mythology, Paris was a prince of Troy whose abduction of Helen, wife

of King Menelaus of Sparta, caused the Trojan War. Helen was promised to him by

the goddess Aphrodite as a bribe, in his judgment between her beauty and that

of two other goddesses, Hera and Athena. Paris killed the Greek hero Achilles

by shooting an arrow into his heel, but was himself killed by Philoctetes

before the capture of Troy.


In Greek mythology, Pasiphae was the wife of King Minos of Crete and mother of

Phaedra and of the Minotaur. After blaming Aphrodite for her husbands

philandering, Pasiphae was punished by being filled with lust for an enormous

fire-breathing white bull. Pasiphae persuaded Daedalus to build her a cow

shaped wooden framework, and hid inside it while he trundled it into the bull's

pasture. The bull mounted the framework and mated with Pasiphae inside. She

then became pregnant with the Minotaur.


Patroclus was a cousin and close friend of Achilles. He was killed by Hector in

the Trojan wars.


Pax is an alternative name for Eirene.


Pegasus was the winged horse offspring of Medusa and Poseidon.


In Greek mythology, Peirithous was a King of the Lapiths and a son of Ixion and

Dia. He waged war against the Centaurs and helped Theseus carry off the Amazon

Antiope and later Helen. He tried to abduct Persephone, but was bound to a

stone seat by her husband Hades and remained a prisoner in the underworld.


Pelias was king of Iolcus and half-brother of Jason.


In Greek mythology, Penelope was the wife of Odysseus, the king of Ithaca;

their son was Telemachus. While Odysseus was absent at the siege of Troy she

kept her many suitors at bay by asking them to wait until she had woven a

shroud for her father-in-law, but unraveled her work each night. When Odysseus

returned, after 20 years, he and Telemachus killed her suitors.


Peneus was a river god. He was a son of Oceanus and Tethys.


Persephone was a Greek goddess. She was the daughter of Zeus and Demeter. Hades

obtained sanction from Zeus to carry her off by force and marry her.


Perseus found Medusa asleep and cut her head off which he presented to Athene.

He married Andromeda.


In Greek mythology, Phaea was the Crommyonium Sow a wild pig said to have been

the offspring of Echidna and Typhon. It ravaged the town of Crommyon on the

Isthmus of Corinth until it was destroyed by Theseus.


In Greek mythology, Phaedra was a daughter of Minos, King of Crete and

Pasiphae. Her unrequited love for Hippolytus led to his death and her suicide.

She became renowned as a minor goddess of the moon, barley, myrtle, rain-making

and the death of kings. A siren-like Enchantress.


In Greek mythology, Pheme was the goddess of fame. She was a daughter of Gaea.


In Greek mythology, Philyra was the shape-shifting goddess of beauty, perfume,

healing, writing and divination. She was the discoverer of paper.


In Greek mythology, Phoebe was the goddess of waxing and waning cycles. Ruler

of the sapphire-regioned moon and cloven-hoofed animals.


Phoebus was the Greek god of enlightenment.


In Greek mythology, Phyllis was a goddess of spring, trees, wisdom, women's

secrets and the genetic knowledge contained in seeds.


Picus was a Roman god. He was the son of Saturnus and father of Faunus. His

wife was Canens. He was a prophet and god of the forest.


Pitho was the daughter of Aphrodite. She was the goddess of persuasion.


The Pleiades were the seven daughters of Atlas and Pleione. They were turned

into doves by Zeus and and their image put into the stars to save them from the

attentions of Orion.


In Greek mythology, Pleuron was a son of Aetolus and Pronoe and brother to

Calydon. He married Xanthippe by whom he fathered Agenor, Sterope, Stratonice

and Laophonte. He is said to have founded the town of Pleuron in Aetolia.


Pluto was the Roman name for the Greek god Hades.


see "Priam"


Poena was the attendant of punishment to Nemesis.


Polites was a son of Priam and Hecabe. He was killed before them by Neoptolemus.


Pollux was the Roman name for Polydeuces.


Polybus was king of Corinth. He raised Oedipus as his own son.


Polydeuces was twin brother of Castor. He was a son of Zeus and Leda. He was

born from an egg after Zeus visited Leda disguised as a swan.


In Greek mythology, Polydorus was a son of Cadmus and Harmonia. he was King of

Thebes and husband of Nycteis by whom he fathered Labdacus.


Polymnia was the muse of song and oratory.


In Greek mythology, Polynices was a son of Oedipus. He and his brother Eteocles

were supposed to rule Thebes in alternate years, but Eteocles refused to

relinquish the throne, and Polynices sought the help of Adrastus. Polynices and

Eteocles killed each other in single combat.


In Greek mythology Polyphemus was the most famous of the Cyclops. He is

described as a giant cannibal living alone in a cave on Mount Etna. Odysseus

and his companions unwarily sheltered in his cave, and Polyphemus killed and

ate four of them before Odysseus intoxicated him with wine and when he fell

asleep poked his eye out with a blazing stake. Polyphemus was also the despised

lover of Galatea.


Pomona was a Roman goddess of garden fruits.


Poseidon was the Greek god of the sea. He was a son of Cronus.


In Greek mythology, Priam was the son of Laomedon and Placia. He was originally

called Podarces and was still a baby when his father promissed his sister

Hesione to Heracles and then broke his word. Heracles sacked Troy and killed

Laomedon and all his sons except Podarces whom he sold in the slave market. He

was bought by Hesione and she changed his name to Priam.


Priapus was the Greek god of fertility in nature. He was a son of Dionysus and

Aphrodite. He was blighted in the womb by Hera, and was born impotent, ugly and

so foul natured that the gods refused to have him in Olympus and threw him down

to earth where he was brought up by shepherds.


In Greek mythology, Procne was a daughter of King Pandion and Zeuxippe. She

married Tereus.


In Greek mythology, Procris was a daughter of Erechtheus and wife of Cephalus.

Artemis gave her the hound Laelaps which she gave to her husband.


In ancient Greek legends, Procrustes was a robber. He robbed people whilst they

slept. If his victim was too short for his bed he was stretched to death. If

the victim was too long for his bed, his feet or legs were cut off. Theseus

treated Procrustes in the same way.


Prometheus was a Greek hero. He was a son of the Titan Japetus and the sea

nymph Clymene. Prometheus obtained fire for mankind from Zeus.


In Greek mythology, Proteus was a son of Abas and the twin brother of Acrisius.

In a dispute between the two brothers over the kingdom of Argos, Proteus was

defeated and expelled. He fled to Iobates in Lycia and married his daughter

Stheneboea. Iobates restored Proteus to his kingdom by force and Acrisius then

agreed to share it, surrendering Tiryns to him. When Bellerophon came to

Proteus to be purified for a murder, Sthenebeoa fell in love with him.

Bellerophon refused her and she charged him with making improper proposals to

her. Proteus then sent him to Iobates with a letter asking Iobates to murder



In Roman mythology, Psyche was the personification of the passion of love. She

was the youngest daughter of the king and queen of Sicily. She was the most

beautiful person on the island and suitors flocked to ask for her hand. In the

end she boasted that she was more beautiful than Venus herself, and Venus sent

Cupid to transfix her with an arrow of desire and make her fall in love with

the nearest person or thing available. But even Cupid fell in love with her and

took her to a secret place and eventually married her and had her made a

goddess by Jupiter.


In Greek mythology, Pygmalion was a king of Cyprus who made an image in ivory

of a maiden. He fell in love with the image and asked Venus to endow it with

life. She did, and Pygmalion married the maiden.


In Greek mythology, Pylades was son of Strophius and Anaxibia. He assisted

Orestes in murdering Clytemnestra and eventually married his sister Electra.


In Greek mythology, Pyrrhus was the birth name of Achilles' son who was renamed

Neoptolemus when he went to Troy.


Rhadamanthus was a son of Zeus and Europa. He was famed for his wisdom and

justice, and so after his death was made one of the judges of the underworld.


Rhamnusia was an alternative name for Nemesis.


Rhea was the Greek goddess of the earth, mountains and forests.


Sarpedon was a son of Zeus and Europa. He went to Asia Minor and became the

king of the Lycians after helping Cilix of Cilicia to defeat them. He helped

Troy in the Trojan wars before being killed by Patroclus.


Saturnus was the Roman god of learning and agriculture. He appeared to king

Janus and gave lessons on agriculture to his subjects.


The satyrs were attendants to the god Dionysus.


In Greek mythology, Sceiron (Sciron) was a robber who haunted the frontier

between Attica and Megaris. He robbed travellers and kicked them into the sea

where they were eaten by a tortoise that lived there. He was killed by Theseus.


Selene was a Greek goddess of the moon.


In Greek mythology, Semele was a daughter of Cadmus and Harmonia. She was

beloved by Zeus and bore him Dionysus.


see "Erinys"


Silenius was the oldest satyr.


Silvanus was a Roman god of the forest.


The Sirens (Acheloides) were daughters of the river-god Achelous and a Muse.

They had been nymphs and playmates of Persephone, and for not protecting her

when she was carried off by Pluto, they were transformed into beings half-woman

and chalf-bird by Demeter. Later they were transformed into half-woman and



In Greek mythology, Sisyphus was an evil King of Corinth. After he died he was

condemned in the underworld to roll a huge stone uphill, which always fell back

before he could reach the top.


Sol was the Roman name for the Greek god Helios.


Somnus was an alternative name for the Greek and Roman god Hypnos.


Stheino was one of the gorgons.


In Greek mythology, Strophius was King of Phocis.


In Greek and Roman mythology, the Styx was the principal river in the

underworld. Styx was the name of a nymph who was the daughter of Oceanus and

Tethys. She dwelt at the entrance to Hades in a lofty grotto which was

supported by silver columns. Styx took her children to help Zeus in the fight

against the Titans.


Suada is an alternative name for Pitho.


In Greek mythology, Talaus was King of Argos. He was the son of Nias and Pero.

Talaus sailed with the Argonauts.


In Greek mythology, Talos was a bronze man given to Europa by Zeus to guard

Crete. He would clutch people to his breast and jump into a fire so that they

were burnt alive. When the Argonauts in their wanderings came to Crete, and he

resisted their landing, Medea killed him.


In Greek mythology, Tantalus was a son of Zeus. He was king of Phrygia, Lydia.

He was admitted to the table of the gods, but displeased them and was punished

by being put in a lake such that he just couldn't reach the water with his

lips, and being tempted by fruit above him which again was just out of reach.


In Roman legend, Tarpeia was a daughter of the governor of the Capitol, who

when the Sabines were beseiging the fortress, was bribed by their golden

bracelets and collars to open one of the gates to them. On entering they threw

their shields on her, killing her. Her name was given to the Tarpeian rock, a

cliff on the Capitol over which malefactors were thrown.


In Greek mythology, Tartarus was the part of Hades where the wicked were



Telepylos was the capital city of the Laestrygones.


Telesphorus was the god of that which sustains the convalescent. He is depicted

with Aesculapius and Hygea.


Terminus was the Greek and Roman god of boundaries.


Terpsichore was the muse of dancing.


Tethys was a Titan woman.


There are two descriptions for Teucer, both refer to Greek mythology. The first

is that Teucer was the first King of Troy. He was a son of the river god

Scamander and Idaea. The second that Teucer was son of Telamon and Hesione and

the best archer in the Greek army in the Trojan War. He would have shot Hector

if Zeus had not broken his sbowstring.


Thalia was the muse of comedy and burlesque.


In Greek mythology Thanatos (or Mors in Roman Mythology) was the god of death,

a son of Night and the twin brother of Sleep. He was frequently regarded with

submission, or as coming opportunely, and was represented in the form of a

quiet, pensive youth, winged, standing with his legs crossed, often beside an

urn with a wreath on it, and holding an extinguished torch reversed. Or, as a

personification of endless repose, he appeared in the form of a beautiful youth

leaning against the trunk of a tree, with one arm thrown up over his head - an

attitude by which ancient artists usually expressed repose. It was probably

owing to the spread of the belief that death was a transition from life to

Elysium, that in later times this more attractive representation of the god of

death took the place of the former repulsive representations, whether as a

powerful and violent god, or as a black child in the arms of his mother, Night.

Among the figures sculptured on the chest of Cypselus, a description of which

we have still in Pausanias, was that of Night carrying twin children in her

arms - the one white, representing Sleep, and the other black, representing



In Greek mythology, Themis was a daughter of Uranus and Gaea. She was the Greek

goddess of human rights.


In Greek mythology, Theseus was a son of Aegeus and Aethra. He was king of

Athens. Stories about him include his slaying of the Minotaur.


A thyrsus was a wand wreathed with ivy leaves, and topped with a pine-cone

carried by the Ancient Greeks as a symbol of Bacchus.


In Greek mythology Tiresias was a blind prophet. He was the son of Everus and

Chariclo. There are at least two versions of how he became to be blind. In the

first he was out hunting and found two snakes coupling in a clearing. He killed

the female one at which point Gaia changed him into a woman. Seven years later

by chance he (then a she) found another two snakes in the same place and this

time killed the male, and was immediately changed back into a man. As he had

several lovers while both a man and a woman, Zeus and Hera decided he could

settle an argument over which gave better satisfaction in sex, a man or a

woman. Tiresias agreed with Zeus that men do, and Hera blinded him in rage, but

Zeus rewarded him with prophetic powers. In a second variation, he went blind

after seeing Athene bathing, and after plees from his mother Athene compensated

Tiresias for his blindness with prophetic powers.


In Greek mythology, the Titans were the 12 sons of Ge and Uranus.


Titanomachia was the 10 year war waged in Thessaly by Zeus and the Olympian

gods against Cronos and the Titans led by Atlas. The war deposed the Titans.


see "Titan"


In Greek mythology, Tithonus was a son or brother of Laomedon the king of Troy.

He was made immortal by by Zeus at the request of Eos who loved him. However,

she neglected to ask that Tithonus be given the gift of eternal youth, so that

he withered away in an ever increasing decrepitude. The name Tithonus thus

became proverbial for a decrepit old man.


In Greek mythology, Tityos was a son of Gaea and one of the giants. He offered

violence to Leto and was killed by Zeus or Apollo. By way of punishment in

Tartarus he was stretched on the ground, while two vultures perpetually

devoured his liver.


In Greek mythology, Tlepolemus was a son of Hercules. He became king of Argos,

but after killing his uncle Licymnius, he had to flee the country. In obedience

to an oracle, he settled in Rhodes, and there founded the cities of Lindos,

Isalysos and Cameirus. He joined the Greeks in the Trojan war, and was killed

by Sarpedon, king of Lycia.


Triton was a Herald of Neptune. In Greek mythology the Tritons were sea-gods

with the upper half of a human and the lower part of the body that of a fish.

They carried a trumpet which the blew to soothe the waves at the command of



Tros was the grandson of Dardanus and the father of Ilus. He gave his name to

the city of Troy.


In Roman mythology, Turnus was the son of King Daunus and the nymph Venilia. He

was a favourite of Juno, who granted him invulnerability in battle so long as

he was pure, honourable and steadfast. In the war between Turnus' people, the

Rutulians and the Trojan settlers led by Aeneas, Turnus showed all these

qualities, leading his troops with as much dignity and honour as Aeneas

himself. But he let his guard slip for an instant, killing the young prince

Pallas who had rashly challenged him to single combat and wore his belt as a

trophy. Juno withdrew her protection and Aeneas killed him in hand-to-hand



Tyche was the Greek goddess of luck. She was the daughter of Zeus and

identifoed by the Romans as Fortuna.


Tydeus was the son of Oeonus and Calydon. After commiting a murder whilst a

youth he fled to the court of Adrastus.


Tyndareus was the king of Sparta. He was deposed by his brother Hippocoon, and

reinstated by Hercules.


In Greek mythology Typhoeus was a hundred-headed monster who fought with Zeus

and was slain by a thunderbolt. Zeus then caged him under Mount Etna.


In Greek mythology, Typhon was the father of destructive and fierce winds. He

is derived from the Egyptian Set or Seth. According to Homer, he was buried

underground by Zeus.


Ultor (the Avenger) was a title of the Roman god Mars.


Ulysses was the Roman name for Odysseus.


Urania was the muse of astronomy.


In Greek mythology, Uranus was a son of Gaea. He later married Gaea.


Venus was the Roman name for the Greek goddess Aphrodite.


Vertumnus was a Roman god of garden fruits and seasons. He was the husband of



see "Hestia"


Victoria is an alternative name for Nike.


In Roman mythology, Vortumna was an oracular goddess of the year and destiny.

The matron of gardeners and she who urges reproduction.


Vulcan was the Roman name for the Greek god Hephaestus.


In Greek mythology, Xuthus was a son of Helen by the nymph Orseis. He was King

of Peloponnesus and the husband of Creusa. After the death of his father,

Xuthus was expelled from Thessaly by his brothers and went to Athens, where he

married the daughter of Erechtheus.


Zagreus was a son of Zeus. He was torn apart and eaten by Titans apart from his

heart which Athene saved. He is sometimes identified with Dionysus.


In Greek mythology, Zelus was son of the Titan Pallas and Styx. He was a

constant companion of Zeus and personified zeal.


In Greek mythology, Zethus was a son of Zeus and Antiope and twin brother of



Zeus was the third king of the Greek gods. He had his throne on mount Olympus.

He was a son of Cronus.


In Greek mythology, Zeuxippe was the daughter of Eridanus and the wife of


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