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K-band

K-band is the frequency band from 10,900 to 36,000 mhz, about 1 cm wavelength,

employed in radar.


Kabbala

see "Qabbala"


Kaftan

see "Caftan"


Kaiser

Kaiser is a Canadian trick-taking card game.


Kaiserspiel

Kaiserspiel is a card game and direct descendant of Karnoffel, one of the

oldest card games known. Karn”ffel was referred to as early as 1426 and was the

subject of a many sermons and satirical writings in the following centuries. It

may appear that most of its dreadfulness lies in the level of anarchy of the

play - you can play any card you like to each trick, and can talk as much as

you like about what cards you have and what you want your partner to do. In the

15th century what was apparently more shocking was the anarchic card order,

taken as symbolising a disruption of the status quo, with the king being beaten

by low cards, the Pope (6) beaten by the Under-knave, and special privileges

given to the Devil (7). The modern game of Kaiserspiel (often known as

Kaiserjass, though it is not really has nothing to do with Jass games) is

played in a small area around Stans and in the Engelberg valley, in Canton

Nidwalden, south of Luzern in Switzerland. Of the surviving members of the

Karn”ffel family, this is the closest to the original game. The cards used are

similar to the standard Swiss Jass pack, but the suits contain 3, 4, and 5 and

not 8 or 9 (all the 8's and 9's should be removed from the pack before playing).


Kaleidoscope

A kaleidoscope is an optical instrument which, by an arrangement of mirrors

produces a symmetrical reflection of various transparent substances placed

between them. It was invented by Sir David Brewster between 1814 and 1817.


Kamptulicon

Kamptulicon was a substance used for flooring. It was invented in 1843 by

Elijah Galloway and was comprised of rubber and cork combined by a masticating

machine.


Kap Tai Shap

Kap Tai Shap ("Collecting Tens") is a Rummy-like game played with a number of

sets of 32 Chinese dominoes.


Karnoffel

Karnoffel is one of the earliest European card games whose rules can be

reconstructed with some confidence. It dates from the early 15th century and is

one of the first trick-taking card games in which there is a "chosen" suit some

of whose cards have the power to beat cards of other suits (trumps).


Kasuwa

Kasuwa is a dialect of Tamil.


Kathode

see "Cathode"


Kauri gum

Kauri gum is fossilised copal found in New Zealand.


Kayser

The kayser is the unit of wave number (number of waves in a unit length), used

in spectroscopy. It is expressed as waves per centimetre, and is the reciprocal

of the wavelength. A wavelength of 0.1 cm has a wave number of 10 kaysers.


Keikogi

A keikogi is a Japanese jacket worn for kendo.


Kelvin

Kelvin is a temperature scale in which the absolute zero of temperature (-273

degrees celsius) is represented by zero degrees kelvin.


Kennelly-Heaviside Layer

see "E Layer"


Kenotron

A kenotron is a high-voltage thermionic diode rectifier.


Keratin

Keratin is a fibrous protein.


Keroselene

Keroselene is a substance derived from the distillation of coal-tar. It was

discovered in 1861 by Merrill, and used as an anaesthetic.


Ket's Rebellion

Ket's Rebellion was a revolt in July 1549 instigated by William Ket, a tanner,

of Wymondham, Norfolk. He demanded the abolition of inclosures and the

dismissal of evil counsellors. The insurgents amounted to 20,000 men, but were

quickly defeated by the earl of Warwick. More than 2000 were killed, and Ket

and some others were tried and hanged.


Ketalar

see "Ketamine"


Ketamine

Ketamine (xylazine or Ketalar) is an injected dissociative anesthetic and

central nervous system stimulant used for superficial operative procedures,

particularly with children and the relief of cancer pain and reduction of

preoperative anxiety.


Ketoglutaric Acid

Ketoglutaric Acid is a salt or acid produced in the metabolism of proteins or

carbohydrates.


Ketone

Ketone is one of a series of organic compounds in which the carbonyl group is

united with two monovalent hydrocarbon radicals.


Kevlar

Kevlar is a trade name for DPont bullet-proof fabric used in protective

clothing, usually bullet-proof vests.


Khurta

A khurta is an East Indian garment consisting of a long, loose-fitting

collarless shirt.


Kie kie

The kie kie is an item worn around the waste of all Tongans to formal occasions

as a symbol of respect to God, King and Country.


Kilderkin

The kilderkin was a British unit of measurement applied to beer equal to two

firkins.


Kin

The kin was a Japanese unit of weight equal to 1.3228 lbs.


Kindling temperature

In chemistry, kindling temperature is the lowest temperature at which a

substance bursts into flame.


Kinescope

Kinescope is a name mainly used in America for a cathode ray tube used in a

television receiver.


Kinesed

see "Phenobarbital"


Kinetic Energy

Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by a body by virtue of its motion.


Kinetics

Kinetics is the branch of dynamics dealing with actual motion.


Kinetoscope

The kinetoscope was an apparatus invented by Edison for the continuous

photography of objects in motion. The first series of photographs were of the

strong man Sandow, and were reported in New York in 1894.


King

King is a card game, relative of Barbu, played in various parts of continental

Europe. It is known in France and Belgium and is particularly popular in

Portugal and Russia. In all these places it is known by the English name King

as well as by a variety of local names. This leads people to believe that the

game comes from England, but in fact King seems to be completely unknown in the

British Isles.


King's sceptre

The King's sceptre is part of the British Crown Jewels and contains the largest

part of the Star of Africa diamond which weighs over 516 carats.


Kinizsi

see "Ferencvaros"


Kinoplasm

Kinoplasm is a very active, specialised protoplasm responsible for the

formation of mobile cell structures, such as cilia and filaments.


Klystron

A klystron is a thermionic tube suitable for use as a microwave amplifier or

oscillator, in which the electron stream is velocity-modulated.


Knight

Historically, a knight was an honourable military rank which was bestowed upon

a noble who had served as a page and squire by the king. Today a knight is a

social title bestowed upon people for supposed service to the crown or country,

and entitles them to be called Sir rather than Mister.


Knighthood

Knighthood is the social rank of knight.


Knock-Out Whist

Knock-Out Whist (also known as Trumps) is a simple trick-taking game, suitable

for children. Any number from two to seven may play. A session consists of

seven hands, of diminishing size.


Knot

In navigation the knot is the unit by which a ship's speed is measured,

equivalent to one nautical mile per hour (one knot equals about 1.15 miles per

hour). It is also sometimes used in aviation.


Knowledge

Knowledge is practical understanding.


Koh-i-Noor diamond

The Koh-i-Noor diamond is a fabulous diamond of 106 carats and is mounted in

the State Crown.


Kohl

Kohl is antimony sulphide used by women as eye make up.


KOI8-R

KOI8-R is a non-ISO computer character set popular in Russia. The lower half is

American ASCII and the upper half is a Cyrillic character set.


Konigsrufen

Konigsrufen is a fast and friendly card game for four or five players, which

can be a lot of fun even when played quite badly. It is one of the most popular

games in eastern Austria where there is a lot of variation in the rules.


Korava

Korava is a dialect of Tamil.


Kote

A kote is a heavily padded gauntlet worn during kendo to protect the hand and

forearm.


Koto

The koto is a stringed musical instrument from Japan.


Kremvax

Kremvax was originally, a fictitious USENET site at the Kremlin, announced on

April 1, 1984 in a posting ostensibly originated there by Soviet leader

Konstantin Chernenko. The posting was actually forged by Piet Beertema as an

April Fool's joke. Other fictitious sites mentioned in the hoax were moskvax

and kgbvax.


Krypton

Krypton is a gaseous element with the symbol Kr.


Kung Fu

Kung Fu is a form of Chinese unarmed combat.


Kvass

see "Quass"


Kwan

The kwan was a Japanese unit of weight equal to 8.2673 lbs.

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