Mythology

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Abaddon

According to the ancient Hebrews, Abaddon was chief of the demons of the 7th

hierarchy.


Abira

In Antioquia mythology, Abira is the creator.


Abominable snowman

The Abominable snowman is a legendary creature, said to resemble a human, with

long arms and a thickset body covered with reddish gray hair. Reports of its

existence in the Himalayas have been made since 1832, and they gained substance

from a published photograph of a huge footprint in the snow in 1951. No further

"evidence" has been found.


Achiyalatopa

In Zuni mythology, Achiyalatopa is a celestial giant monster with feathers of

flint knives.


Adekagagwaa

In Iroquois mythology, Adekagagwaa is the spirit of summer who rests during the

winter in the south.


Adonis

Adonis was a Phoenician god, adopted by Greek mythology as a mortal favourite

of Aphrodite. He was killed by a wild boar and upon finding him Aphrodite

caused the plant the anemone to rise from his blood.


Afrit

In Arab mythology, Afrits are the most powerful class of evil spirits.


Agla

An agla is a talisman used by the rabbis to exorcise evil spirits.


Ahriman

In Zoroastrianism the Ahriman is the supreme evil spirit, lord of the darkness

and death.


Ahura Mazda

In Zoroastrianism Ahura Mazda is the spirit of supreme good, god of light and

life.


Airsekui

In Huron mythology, Airsekui is the great spirit. He is invoked at times of

great danger.


Aizen Myo-o

In Japanese mythology, Aizen Myo-o is the god of love.


Akka

In Finnish mythology, Akka was the consort of Ukko.


Aktunowihio

In Cheyenne mythology, Aktunowihio is the soul of the earth. A subterranean

spirit.


Akycha

In Eskimo mythology, Akycha is the sun spirit.


Ala

In Ibo mythology, Ala is the Earth Mother, Law-giver, protectress of the

harvest. She who receives the dead into her pocket.


Ama Terasu

In Japanese mythology, Ama Terasu is the Sun-Goddess.


Amaterasu

In Japanese mythology, Amaterasu is the sun goddess, grandmother of Jimmu

Tenno, the first ruler of Japan.


Amitolane

In Zuni mythology, Amitolane is the rainbow spirit.


Anahita

In Persian mythology, Anahita (Immaculate-one) is a motherly goddess of life

waters, weather, fertility, procreation, war and victory.


Anath

In Syrian mythology, Anath is a goddess of earth, grain, and sacrifice. She is

the strength of life, a bloodthirsty maiden and a violent Virgin.


Angatupyry

In Guarani mythology, Angatupyry is the spirit of good. Together with Tau they

guide people which road to follow.


Angpetu Wi

In Dakota mythology, Angpetu Wi is the sun spirit.


Anguta

In Eskimo mythology, Anguta is a god who lives under the sea and drags down the

dead.


Aningan

In Eskimo mythology, Aningan is the moon spirit.


Anpao

In Dakota mythology, Anpao is the spirit of the dawn.


Anulap

In Truk Island mythology, Anulap is the sky god and the husband of Ligougubfanu.


Arasy

In Guarani mythology, Arasy is the wife of Tupa. She lives in the moon.


Aratron

In magic, Aratron is ruler of the affairs of Saturn. It is a spirit which can

be invoked on the 1st hour of saturday.


Arnarquagssaq

see "Sedna"


Ashera

Ashera was an ancient Semetic goddess symbolised by the phallus. A bountiful

great mother goddess of heaven, the moon and sea. In wisdom, she was the

mistress of the Deities.


Ashtaroth

Ashtaroth was a goddess worshipped by the ancient Canaanites. She was regarded

as symbolising the productive power of nature.


Asrael

In Islam, Asrael is the angel of death who takes the soul from the body.


Astarte

Astarte is a Syrian goddess representing the productive power of nature. She

was a moon goddess.


Ataentsic

In Iroquois mythology, Ataentsic is the goddess of the earth. She was the Woman

Who fell from the sky and creatress of the sun and moon. It is she who gives

counsel in dreams.


Atanua

In the mythology of The Marquesas Islands, Atanua is the dawn goddess. She was

the wife of Atea, and it was her miscarriage that created the seas.


Atea

In the mythology of the Marquesas Islands, Atea is the god of light and husband

of Atanua.


Ateshga

Ateshga was a sacred site for the Guebres. It was on the peninsular of Apsheron

on the west coast of the Caspian sea. Pilgrims would bow before the sacred

flames which issued forth from the bituminous soil.


Au

In the mythology of the Gilbert Island, Au is the sun god and lord of the skies.


Avali

Avali is the plural of Omuli.


Awonawilona

In Zuni mythology, Awonawilona was the divine Shehe from Whose being flowed

forth the mists of increasing and the streams of growing.


Ba-Maguje

In Hausa mythology, Ba-Maguje is the spirit of drunkeness.


Baal

In Canaanite mythology, Baal was the god of fertility. He was the son of El.


Babamik

In Arapesh mythology, Babamik is a cannibal ogress who is eventually lured to

her death and she then becomes a crocodile.


Bajang

In Malaysian mythology, the bajang is an evil spirit which usually takes the

shape of a polecat. When it mews at night a child will die. It is said that a

bajang is obtained from the newly buried body of a still-born child, and can be

lured from it by incantations of a sorcerer.


Barong

In Balinese mythology, Barong is a protective spirit portrayed as a lion or

tiger.


Batara Guru

In Indonesian mythology, Batara Guru is the great god who made the earth.


Begu

In Batak mythology, begu are ghosts which wander the afterworld formless and

starving. They approach humans by way of mediums demanding sacrifices to feed

on. They may also steel the soul of a living person for a husband/wife.


Belam

In Melanau mythology, Belam are protective spirits who catch the souls of sick

people and return them to their bodies thereby curing them.


Belet-ili

see "Aruru"


Biloko

In Zaire mythology, Biloko are spirits which live in hollow trees in the

forest. They dress only in leaves and are devoid of hair, instead grass grows

on their body. They have piercing eyes and a snout with a mouth which can open

wide enough to swallow a man dead or alive. They have long sharp claws and can

put a spell on passers by except those protected by strong counter magic.


Bimbogami

In Japanese mythology, Bimbogami is the god of poverty. He is an obstinate

companion of families, who try hard to get rid of him and with him their

poverty.


Bjelbog

In Slavonic mythology, Bjelbog is the pale or white god, as opposed to

Tshernybog, the black god or god of darkness.


Bochica

In Chibcha mythology, Bochica was the supreme being.


Bodhisattva

A Bodhisattva is someone who has transmuted his personal human nature and

raised it into impersonality.


Bokwus

In Kwakiutl mythology, Bokwus is a wild spirit of the woods who draws the

spirits of the drowned to his home.


Bope

In Bororo mythology, Bope are evil spirits who attack the souls of the dead.


Boraspati ni Tano

In Batak mythology, Boraspati ni Tano is an earth spirit. Sacrifices are made

to him when a new house is built.


Brownie

In Scotland, brownies are imaginary spirits believed to haunt houses,

particularly farmhouses. Rather than doing damage, they are believed to be

helpful to the family, particularly to the servants if they treat the brownie

well.


Bulotu

In Tongan mythology, Bulotu is the paradise where the spirits of the dead live

amidst richly laden fruit trees and blossoms in eternal bliss.


Cagn

see "Kaang"


Cavillaca

In Quecha mythology, Cavillaca was a goddess loved by Coniraya.


Ch'ang-O

In Chinese mythology, Ch'ang-O is the graceful moth-eyebrowed maiden goddess of

the moon and immortality. The dispenser of life magic.


Chahuru

In Pawnee mythology, Chahuru is the spirit of water.


Chenoo

In Abnaki mythology, the Chenoo were stone giants versed in hunting who were

invoked to assist the hunters.


Chia

In Chibcha mythology, Chia is the moon-goddess.


Chibchacum

In Chibcha mythology, Chibchacum was the god of farmers and merchants.


Chipiripa

In Curra mythology, Chipiripa is the rain god.


Chixu

In Pawnee mythology, Chixu are the spirits of the dead.


Chun-T'i

In Chinese mythology, Chun-T'i is a goddess of war. She who is capable of

miraculous feats and she who excels in the magic arts.


Cockatrice

The Cockatrice is a fictious creature said to be hatched from a cock's egg by a

serpant. It is an ugly creature with a crested head, glittering eyes, a barbed

tongue and a serpants tail. Mention is made of the Cockatrice in several

passages of the bible. It probably has as its origin the hermaphroditic fowl -

a crowing hen - which is known to occur in nature. In 1474 a Basel cock was

sentenced to death for laying an egg!


Coniraya

In Quecha mythology, Coniraya is the creator of all things and the founder of

agriculture. He came to earth as a beggar, fell in love with the goddess

Cavillaca and secretly impregnated her by turning some of his sperm into fruit

which she ate. Cavillaca later turned herself and her child into stone at the

shame of mothering the child of a beggar.


Dagon

Dagon was the god of the Philistines. He had the upper torso of a man and the

tail of a fish.


Dakaki

In Hausa mythology, the Dakaki is a serpant spirit which causes the evil eye

resulting in stomach ulcers.


Dama

In Huli mythology, dama are invisible deities which control the weather and

attack people causing illness, sterility or death. Most of them can also bring

good fortune, but a small minority are completely evil.


Dama dagenda

In Huli mythology, dama dagenda are evil forest-spirits that attack travellers

making their noses bleed and giving them sores.


Danhyang Desa

In Java mythology, each village has a Danhyang Desa which is a spirit who lives

in a large tree near to or in the village. All blessings emanate from him. Any

disasters occuring to the village are seen as a sign that he has been neglected.


Datagaliwabe

In Huli mythology, Datagaliwabe is a giant who punishes offences against

kinship laws with illness, fatal accidents or death in battle.


Degei

In Fijian mythology, Degei is the serpant-god in the Kauvadra hills who

interogates the souls of the dead and punishes the souls of lazy people while

rewarding those of hard working people.


Dido

Dido was a Phoenician princess. The legendary founder of Carthage, she

committed suicide to avoid marrying a local prince.


Digawina

In the mythology of Melanesia, Digawina is a demoness who steals food and

stuffs it into her enormous vagina.


Dinditane

In Huli mythology, Dinditane is a fertility god of gardening.


Djanggau

In Australian mythology, Djanggau with Her sister Djunkgao, are dual fertility

goddess who brought forth all life in the beginning.


Djunkgao

see "Djanggau"


Donar

In Germanic mythology, Donar was the god of thunder, equivalent to the Norse

god Thor.


Drupadi

In Javanese mythology, Drupadi is a warrior and expert archer, wife of

Yudistira. She often joins in battle dressed as a male warrior.


Dunawali

In Huli mythology, Dunawali is an evil goddess who lodges herself in a woman's

internal organs making the victim the innocent vehicle of the goddesses evil

power.


Duppies

see "Duppy"


Duppy

In Jamaican folklore, Duppies are the ghosts of deceased people. An Obeah man

will summon a Duppy and plant it in a home to curse the occupants. A sample of

the victim's clothing, hair or especially menstrual fluid may be obtained so

that a Duppy may rape a femal victim while she sleeps and make her ill.


Durga

In Balinese mythology, Durga is the goddess of death and disease. She is

married to Waruna.


Dzivaguru

In Korekore mythology, Dzivaguru was the great earth goddess. She lived in a

valley near Dande, kept cattle and goats and dressed in goatskins. She posessed

a long horn which gave he whatever she wished for.


Eblis

In Islamic mythology, Eblis is the chief of the evil spirits.


Echidne

In Libyan mythology, Echidne (She-Viper) is part beauteous woman and part

speckled serpent. She is a goddess of death, the underworld and prophesy.


Ekkekko

In Quecha mythology, Ekkekko is the god of good fortune.


El

In Canaanite mythology, El was the father of the gods.


Ellil

see "Enli"


Eloko

In Zaire mythology, the Eloko are dwarves who live in the densest and darkest

parts of the forest guarding their treasure, which is the fruits and animals of

the forest.


Enkidu

In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu is the wild man created by the goddess Aruru

who becomes a companion to Gilgamesh. After Gilgamesh has provoked the anger of

the goddess Ishtar, Enkidu sickens and dies.


Eve

In Syrian mythology, Eve is a life-giving goddess. The creatrix of all

manifested forms, the mother womb and instructress of humanity.


Fatima

In Syrian Arab mythology, Fatima is the great goddess of the moon and fate. The

source of the Sun and the virgin Queen of Heaven. She is represented as the

Tree of Paradise.


Finweigh

In Bilan mythology, Finweigh was the god who with Melu made man.


Forso

In Gururumba mythology, the forso are ghosts of the dead. They are tiresome

attracting attention and causing accidents and illness.


Fuji

In Japanese mythology, Fuji is the goddess of Mount Fuji and its rocks. She is

the one to whose peak pilgrims climb to worship the rising sun.


Fura-Chogue

In Colombian mythology, Fura-Chogue is the first mother. The Spirit of the

waters and goddess of vegetation and harvest. She is the teacher of order and

peace.


Ga-oh

In Iroquois mythology, Ga-oh is the wind-giant. His house is guarded by a bear,

whose prowling brings the north wind; a panther whose whining brings the

westerly wind; a moose whose breathing brings the wet east wind and a fawn

whose returning to its mother brings the gentle south wind.


Gahonga

In Iroquois mythology, the Gahonga are the jogah of rocks and rivers.


Gandayah

In Iroquois mythology, the Gandayah are the jogah who tend the earth's

fertility.


Gans

In Apache mythology, the Gans were mountain spirits sent to teach the Apache

the arts of civilisation. But they went away because they were distressed by

the corruption of people.


Gauna

In the mythology of the Bushpeople of Botswana, Gauna (Gawa, Gawama) was death,

leader of spirits. He lived in the underworld, and was forever roaming in the

Upper World to snatch away mortals and carry them below. His people were

miserable and restless under the earth, and always tried to escape and take

over the Upper World. During the time when Kaang lived on Earth, he kept Gauna

in check, and in particular taught human beings a series of rituals and taboos

which, rigorously observed, would keep the ghosts in their graves and stop

Gauna from taking over the Upper World.


Gawa

see "Gauna"


Gawama

see "Gauna"


Geush Urvan

In Iranian mythology, Geush Urvan was the power of Mother Earth given form as a

bull. For the 3000 years it lived on Earth, all the strength of the universe

was located there. Then Mithras killed it, and its energy was transferred to

the sky, where universal strength ever afterwards belonged to the gods. The

decaying corpse, however, remained on Earth, and the last scraps of Geush

Urvan's power were reformed into every species of animal and plant.


Geyaguga

In Cherokee mythology, Geyaguga is the moon spirit.


Gikuyu

Gikuyu and Mumbi were the spiritual ancestors of all the Kikuyu people. They

had 9 daughters. For the daughters, Gikuyu found 9 husbands beneath a large fig

tree at Murang'a for the daughters. These husbands then became the ancestors of

the 9 Kikuyu clans.


Gilgamesh

Gilgamesh was a hero of Sumerian, Hittite, Akkadian and Assyrian legend. He was

one-third mortal and two-thirds divine. Gilgamesh was Lord of the Sumerian city

of Uruk.


Gnomes

The Gnomes are elementals evolved in the realm of Earth.


Gohone

In Iroquois mythology, Gohone is the spirit of winter.


Gu

In Fon mythology, Gu was a blacksmith-god who took not human form but the shape

of a tool. At the beginning of creation his parent, Mawu-Lisa, made him in the

form of a trowel, using him to mould human beings from the celestial dung-heap.

When mortals were establishing themselves on earth. Mawu-Lisa changed Gu's

shape to that of a metal blade embedded in a rock, and sent him to earth to

teach humans how to make and use tools of their own.


Guan Di

In Chinese mythology, Guan Di or Guang Gong was the god of martial arts, and of

the diplomacy which prevents or puts an end to fighting. His wisdom came partly

from his courteous manner, partly from his knowledge of literature, and partly

from knowledge of the future.


Guang Gong

see "Guang Di"


Guanyin

In Chinese mythology, Guanyin is the goddess of mercy.


Gudratrigakwitl

In the myths of the Wiyot people of Northern California, Gudratrigakwitl

created the universe by the unusual method of putting his hands together and

then spreading the palms and fingers wide, like wings. The whole created world

lies safe between these outspread hands, and despite the evil and cruelty it

contains, in his benevolence he has never yet been moved to clap them together

and end it.


Guebres

The Guebres were Persian fire worshippers.


Guecufu

In the myths of the Araucanian people of Chile, Guecufu was the king of demons

and arch-enemy of Guinechen. He was always sending plagues, floods and other

disasters to wipe out Guinechen's mortal creations, and Guinechen's

interventions - and therefore die war between the two supernatural beings -

guaranteed not only dissension in die universe, but also its continuity.


Guinechen

In Araucanian mythology, Guinechen or Guienapun ensured the continuation of

life in the universe. He was perpetually at war with Pillan the thunder-god and

with Guecufu king of the demons. Their struggle kept the universe in

equilibrium, and the myth forecast that when that struggle was disturbed, the

world would end.


Ha Wen Neyu

In Iroquois mythology, Ha Wen Neyu is the great spirit.


Hadad

In Canaanite mythology, Hadad was the god of thunder and lightning.


Hafoza

In Jate mythology, Hafoza is the god of thunder and lightning.


Hanghepi

In Dakota mythology, Hanghepi is the spirit of the night moon.


Hantu Air

In Malaysian mythology, Hantu Air is the god of the sea.


Harrimiah

In Australian mythology, Harrimiah is the twin brother of Perindi. Although he

loves his brother, he is abused by him and this saddens Harrimiah so that he

buries himself in the sand, whereupon his wife and mother ask the wattle and

apple trees to keep watch over him, which they do.


Hastsehogan

In Navajo mythology, Hastsehogan is the god of houses.


Hastseltsi

In Navajo mythology, Hastseltsi is the god of racing.


Hastsezini

In Navajo mythology, Hastsezini is the fire-god.


Hau

In Maori mythology, Hau is the god of wind.


Haumea

In Hawaiin mythology, Haumea is the goddess of procreation and childbirth.


Heammawihio

In Cheyenne mythology, Heammawihio is the great spirit.


Heise

In Ju mythology, Heise was half man and half god. He created the forests from

his own hair so that his own delicate son could have shelter from the searing

sun.


Helabe

In Huli mythology, Helabe is a son of Honabe.


Helahuli

In Huli mythology, Helahuli is a son of Honabe. His four sons were the founders

of mankind and the four tribes bear their names.


Heng

In Huron mythology, Heng is the god of thunder.


Herabe

In Huli mythology, Herabe is a god who causes insanity.


Het-Her

see "Athor"


Hidesato

In Japanese legends, Hidesato is a fearless hero who killed the centipede and

other monsters.


Hino

In Iroquois mythology, Hino is the thunder god, guardian of the skies.


Hiribi

In Canaanite mythology, Hiribi was the goddess of summer.


Hiro

In Easter Island mythology, Hiro is the god of rain and fertility.


Ho-Hsien-Ku

In Chinese mythology, Ho-Hsien-Ku is the virgin of the mountains, agility,

immortality and mother reverence. She is one of the `eight immortals'.


Hokewingla

In Dakota mythology, Hokewingla is a turtle spirit who lives in the moon.


Hokhma

In Syrian mythology, Hokhma is the goddess of spiritual transformation. The

mother of the stars and the inspiration of philosophers.


Honabe

In Huli mythology, Honabe is the primaeval goddess and the first inhabitant of

the land. She was seduced by the god Timbu and bore five deities.


Honoyeta

In Papua New Guinean mythology, Honoyeta was the demon who brought mortality to

human beings. he had two wives, who mated with him as an enormous snake. But

when they went to work each morning, he shed his snakeskin, became a handsome

human and enjoyed sex with every pretty girl he found. One day the wives found

out and burned his snakeskin. Honoyeta, condemned to human form for the rest of

eternity, retaliated by introducing death to mankind.


Hoturu

In Pawnee mythology, Hoturu is the wind spirit.


Hou-T'u

In Chinese mythology, Hou-T'u is the goddess of the planet; Origin of people

and all creation. She is the matron of the soil and its fertility.


Houmea

In Maori mythology, Houmea was a cannibal who swallowed her own children, but

was forced to disgorge them by her husband, Uta. She later persued him and the

children in the form of a stag and he killed her by throwing hot stones down

her mouth.


Hu

Hu was the giver of mead and wine to man. He holds a plough to show men that

the noblest of the arts is to control and to guide.


Huitaca

In Chibcha mythology, Huitaca is the beautiful goddess of drunkeness and

licentiousness.


Iamanja

In Brazilian mythology, Iamanja is the goddess of the sea. A merciful answerer

of prayers and she whose waters salve the wounded spirit.


Idlirvirissong

In Eskimo mythology, Idlirvirissong is an evil spirit.


Ifa

Ifa is the Yoruba god of wisdom, knowledge and divining.


Igaluk

In Eskimo mythology, Igaluk is the moon spirit.


Iki-Ryo

In Japanese mythology, Iki-Ryo is a spirit of anger and jealousy which does

harm to other people.


Ilara

In Tiwi mythology, Ilara is the underworld.


Ilmarinen

In Finnish mythology, Ilmarinen was a blacksmith-god. Some accounts say he was

the brother of Vainamoinen.


Ilya Muromets

see "Svyatogor"


Imana

In Banyarwanda mythology Imana was the creator and supporter of the universe.

He ruled all living beings, and guaranteed them immortality by hunting Death, a

savage wild animal. When he was hunting, his orders were that everything in

creation was to stay in hiding, so that Death would have no refuge. But one day

in the quiteness of the hunt, an old woman crept out to hoe her vegetable

garden - and Death hid under her skirt and was taken inside with her. Imana

tried a second way of cheating Death by telling the old woman's relatives to

bury her body but leave cracks in the earth above her, so that she could hear

him calling her back to life. But the old woman's daughter-in-law who hated

her, filled the cracks with earth and banged the surface hard with her pounding

stick - and Death became endemic.


In-Nard-Dooah

In Australian Aborigine mythology, In-Nard-Dooah is a porcupine who marries

Yee-Na-Pah.


Ina

In Polynesian mythology, Ina is a two-faced great goddess of the sea, healing

and death. She is an enchanting tapa-beating woman of the moon.


Inari

In Japanese mythology, Inari is both the god of food and the goddess of rice.

Inari is both male and female and takes both forms.


Incubus

In folk-lore, the Incubus were male spirits who raped women during their sleep,

producing Witches and Demons as offspring.


Inti

In Inca mythology, Inti is the sun god.


Ioskeha

In Huron mythology, Ioskeha was the all-good twin brother of Tawiskara,

grandson of Ataentsic. He duelled with his brother for control of the world,

each brother taking up whatever weapon he could find. Tawiskara fought with a

rose-twig bu Ioskeha used a stag's antlers and won. Tawiskara fled into exile,

weeping flint tears, and Ioskeha celebrated his victory and his power in the

world by creating the Huron people.


Isitoq

In Eskimo mythology, Isitoq is a spirit who helps to find people who have

broken taboos.


Ituana

In Amazon mythology, Ituana is the great goddess of the Amazon river. She is

the many-breasted foster mother of the earth's innumerable children.


Iyatiku

In Keres mythology, Iyatiku is the earth mother. A Counselor and she who

welcomes us home when we cast off our coil of flesh.


Izdubar

Izdubar was a hero of ancient Babylonia. He has feats similar to those of

Hercules ascribed to him.


Japeusa

In Guarani mythology, Japeusa was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave.

He was born standing up and was the disobedient son who did things backwards.


Jen-Shen

In Chinese mythology, Jen-Shen is a divine Shehe of man. The creator of

thought, language, music and civilizations.


Jezanna

In Zimbabwean mythology, Jezanna is a glowing goddess of the golden moon,

abundant crops, healthy children and plentiful cattle.


Jikininki

In Japanese mythology, jikininki are the spirits of dead people whose greed

prevented their souls from entering a more peaceful existence after death and

who lead a half-life by eating corpses.


Jinn

In Muslim mythology, a jinn is a spirit which is able to assume human or animal

shape. They are supposed to have been created out of fire and maybe either good

or bad and may be controlled by man by the use of Talismans.


Jogah

In Iroquois mythology, jogah are dwarf nature spirits.


Jubchas-Guaya

In Colombian mythology, Jubchas-Guaya was the rebellious, light-hearted, wild

and lovely goddess of the moon, love, happiness and intoxication.


Jumala

In Finnish mythology, Jumala was the first sky god. He had no shape or

identity, but was a creative impulse only.


Jyestha

In Dravidian mythology, Jyestha was the goddess of the cosmic energy which

motivates evolution. She who dances the dance of life.


Kaang

In the mythology of the Bushpeople of Botswana, Kaang (Cagn, Kho, Thora)

created the world and everything in it. At first he lived in harmony with human

beings, his sons Cogaz and Gewi marrying mortal wives and one of his faughters

married a human chief. He spent his time fighting Gauna, lord of death. At one

time he was killed by Gauna's creatures the thorns, but he reassembled his

skeleton and lived again. However, as human beings forgot his importance he

decided to leave the Earth and went to live in the Sky as a disembodied spirit,

taking with him the secret of immortality and leaving humans to be preyed upon

by Gauna.


Kadlu

In eskimo mythology, the Kadlu were three sisters who lived in the sky and made

thunder and lightning by scrubbing sealskins together.


Kagutsuchi

In Japanese mythology, Kagutsuchi is the spirit of fire, the god of destructive

and purifying fire, and of summer heat. When he was born he scorched the vagina

of his mother Izanami so badly that she died. His father cut him into five

pieces, and as his blood hit the ground it became five mountain spirits. Just

like fire he rekindled himself and settled on the peak of Mount Atago.


Kahit

In Wintun mythology, Kahit is the wind god.


Kala

In Javanese and Balinese mythology, Kala is the god of time and death. He would

appear to people when they were due to die.


Kalamainu

In Polynesian mythology, Kalamainu and Kilioa are two lizard women who keep the

souls of the dead imprisoned.


Kalma

In Finnish mythology, Kalma was the goddess of death and decay. In the Upper

World she haunted graves, snatching the flesh of the dead. In Tuonela, the

Underworld, she lived in an invisible country guarded by the flesh-eating

monster Surma.


Kalunga

In Ndonga mythology, Kalunga is the creator of all things, the supreme god.


Kalvaitis

In Lithuanian mythology, Kalvaitis was the blacksmith god who each day remade

the sun disc, sending it red-hot across the sky.


Kanati

In Cherokee mythology, Kanati was the first man and ancestor of the Cherokee.

He was married to Selu.


Kapo

In Hawaiin mythology, Kapo is a fertility god.


Kathirat

In Canaanite mythology, the Kathirat were the wise goddesses.


Keneun

In Iroquois mythology, Keneun is chief of the Thunderbirds. He is an invisible

spirit. Thunder is the sound of his beating wings and lightning his flashing

eyes.


Kerana

In Guarani mythology, Kerana is the goddess of sleep.


Kho

see "Kaang"


Khuno

In Aymara mythology, Khuno is the god of snowstorms.


Kianda

In Angolan mythology, Kianda is the god of the sea and the fish in it.


Kilioa

see "Kalamainu"


Kinie Ger

In Australian Aborigine mythology, Kinie Ger was a ruthless and murderous beast

with the head and body of a cat but the limbs of a man who went around killing

innocent people, animals and birds. He was killed by the owl and the crow who

ambushed him when he came to drink at a water hole.


Kishi

In Angolan folklore, a Kishi is an evil spirit. It is a demon with two faces on

its head. One face resembles that of a normal man, and the other is the face of

a hyena with big strong teeth and powerful jaw muscles.


Kostrubonko

In Russian mythology, Kostrubonko is god of the spring.


Kothar-u-Khasis

In Canaanite mythology, Kothar-u-Khasis was the god of craftsmanship.


Kuri

In Hausa mythology, Kuri is a black hyena spirit who causes paralysis.


Kwai-Yin

In Chinese mythology, Kwai-Yin is the wife of Shang Te. She is the mother of

mothers, a goddess with a thousand arms and sits upon a throne made of the

sacred Lotus.


Lahamu

see "Lahmu"


Laima

Laima was the Baltic goddess of good luck. Originally she and her sisters Karta

and Dekla controlled the destinies of all living things, and her particular

function was to choose the moment of death.


Land of Cockaigne

The Land of Cockaigne is an imaginary Utopia in mediaeval legend where a life

of luxury and idleness was possible. Cockaigne was a gourmand's paradise where

the rivers flowed wine and the houses were made of cake and the pavements of

pastry.


Leshy

In Slavic mythology, the Leshy (Ljeschi) was the spirit of the forest. he was

jealous of his forest kingdom and tried to lose travellers in its depth. He

could change his shape but could always be recognised by his face which

remained blue.


Libanza

In Upoto mythology, Libanza is the creator. He created the sky and the gods

that inhabit it, and the sun that contains the fire of life, then he made the

moon, the earth and all its inhabitants. He made all people equal, but calling

them together the Earth people dawdled and Libanza gave the moon people

immortality and sent the Earth people death. However, the moon people begged

him to change his mind and he relented sufficiently to grant Earth people

immortality in his Heaven, but only after they had served a lifetime of pain

and toil on earth.


Lisa

In Fon mythology, Lisa is the sun god who causes the day and its heat. He is

the god of strength and endurance.


Long Wang

In Chinese mythology, Long Wang was a god of water and the bringer of rain.

When he appeared to humans he borrowed shape from a variety of Earth's

creatures and was generous to mortals.


Louhi

In Finnish mythology, Louhi was a magic-working ice giantess, Princess of

Pohjola. When suitors came to marry her daughter, she set them impossible tasks

and if these taks were overcome she had her army of frost giants kill them.


Loviatar

In Finnish mythology, Loviatar was the goddess of plagues. She was the hideous

daughter of Tuoni and Tuonetar, the King and Queen of the Underworld. Her body

was ravaged by all the diseases to which it was host. She mated with the wind

and had nine terrible children which gusted out across the universe carrying

diseases.


Lubangala

In Bakongo mythology, Lubangala is the protector of villages, men and the souls

of the dead. He appears as a rainbow during and after storms.


Mami

see "Aruru"


Mamlambo

In Zulu mythology, Mamlambo is the godess of the rivers.


Manabozho

In North American Indian mythology, Manabozho is a mischievious giant.


Mangalubulan

In Batak mythology, Mangalubulan is the god of thieves.


Mara

In Buddhism, the Mara is a supernatural being who tried to distract Buddha from

the meditations which led to his enlightenment.


Marangatu

In Guarani mythology, Marangatu was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave.

He was virtuous, goodnatured, the father of Kerana.


Marduk

Marduk was the Babylonian sun god, creator of Earth and humans.


Mawu

In Fon mythology, Mawu is the moon goddess. She is the sister of Lisa, and

causes the night and its coolness. She is also the goddess of peace, joy,

fertility, motherhood and rain.


Mbombo

In Zaire mythology, Mbombo is the White Giant who rules over the chaos of the

universe and one day from his stomach comes the sun, the moon and the stars,

and soon after the trees, animals and people of the earth.


Metempsychosis

Metempsychosis is the transmigration of the soul after death through the bodies

of lower animals, plants or inanimate objects. Also called reincarnation.


Mithras

Mithras was the Persian god of light. Mithras represented the power of

goodness, and promised his followers compensation for present evil after death.

He was said to have captured and killed the sacred bull, from whose blood all

life sprang. Mithraism was introduced into the Roman Empire 68 BC. By about AD

250, it rivaled Christianity in strength. A bath in the blood of a sacrificed

bull formed part of the initiation ceremony of the Mithraic cult, which spread

rapidly, gaining converts especially among soldiers.


Monai

In Guarani mythology, Monai was god of the countryside and the air.


Mot

In Canaanite mythology, Mot was the god of sterility.


Ndara

In the mythology of Sulawesi Island, Ndara is the god of the underworld.


Nergal

Nergal was the Babylonian god of the underworld.

In Mesopotamian mythology, Nergal was amorality personified and symbolized the

unpredictability and risk in mortal life, and in particular brought death.


Nerrivik

see "Sedna"


Ngendi

In Fiji mythology, Ngendi is a fertility god who showed men the use of fire.


Ni

In Huli mythology, the god Ni is the sole cause of leprosy.


Nikkal

In Canaanite mythology, Nikkal was the goddess of the fruits of the earth. She

was a daughter of Hiribi. She married Yarikh.


Ninigi

In Japanese mythology, Niniji was the grandson of Amaterasu, the sun. His task

was to direct the suns rays from heaven to swell the celestial paddies which

provided food for the gods.


Nuliajuk

see "Sedna"


Obatala

In Yoruba mythology, Obatala was the son of Olodumare. He created makind from

the earth.


Oduduwa

In Yoruba mythology, Oduduwa is the wife of Obatala.


Ogun

In Yoruba mythology, Ogun is a son of Obatala and Oduduwa. He was a warrior who

won many battles and was rewarded with the kingdom of the town of Ire in the

land of Ekiti given to him by Oduduwa.


Ohdows

In Iroquois mythology, the Ohdows are the jogah who control the underworld

spirits and prevent them coming to the surface.


Olokun

In Nigerian mythology, Olokun is the god of sea and lagoons and brother of

Olorun.


Olorun

In Nigerian mythology, Olorun is the god of the sky.


Omphale

In Lydian mythology, Omphale is a goddess of the earth, rebirth & augury. The

universal womb and the hub of life.


Omuli

In Nande folklore, an Omuli is a woman or girl who consumes the soul of a

living person, and causes that person to die of consumption.


Ostara

In Saxon mythology, Ostara was the goddess of sunrise and the east. The ruler

of the vernal equinox and earth's springtime burgeoning.


Parjanya

In Vedic mythology, Parjanya was the son of the sky god Dyaus. He was the god

of rain-clouds and drove a cart across the sky, laden with bags and buckets of

rain which he poured out on the Earth below. Because he sent rain to fertilize

the ground, he also oversaw the fertility of animals (especially horses and

cattle) and of human beings.


Perindi

In Australian mythology, Perindi is the evil twin brother of Harrimiah and

paints him badly so as to attract the attentions of the maidens for himself.


Pinga

In Eskimo mythology, Pinga is a female spirit who watches carefully over men's

actions, especially their treatment of animals.


Pohjola

In Finnish mythology, Pohjola or Pohja, was the country of the ice-giants in

the Far North, realm of the evil queen Louhi. Later Finns identified it as the

part of their country, and of Lapland, which lay in the Arctic Circle, but in

earlier myth it was utterly remote, a frozen continent in the no-man's-land

between Earth and stars.


Poia

In Blackfoot mythology, Poia was the son of the Morning Star and the mortal

woman Soatsaki. The Morning Star took Soatsaki to the court of his father the

Sun in Heaven, hoping to grant her immortality. But she preferred Earth to

Heaven and the Sun, insulted, sent her back to Earth to bear her son, and then

let her die. The child was born with a port-wine birthmark- hence his name -

and grew up with the Blackfoot people. He asked to marry the chiefs daughter,

but was rejected as 'blemished'. He set out to find his grandfather the Sun and

ask for help, leaving the land and walking West across the sea on the path made

by the Sun's reflection on the water. In Heaven he rescued his father Morning

Star from seven birds of darkness, and the Sun rewarded him by removing his

birthmark. He hurried down to Earth, along the Milky Way, and took his mortal

beloved back into Heaven just as his father had fetched his mother there long

before.


Poludnitsa

In Slavic and Russian mythology, Poludnitsa was a mischievous spirit who

tormented people working in the fields, especially at midday in summer. She

pinched them and pulled their hair, and if they failed to greet her politely,

she took their children into the standing corn and lost them.


Porasy

In Guarani mythology, Porasy was a daughter of Rupave and Sypave. She was the

mother of beauty, a woman of great physical strength who sacrificied herself to

save her people from the domination of the seven evil sons of Tau and Kerana.


Puckowe

In Australian Aborigine folk-lore, Puckowe is the Grandmother spirit who lives

in the sky and comes to the aid of medicine men.


Qi Yu

In Chinese mythology, Qi Yu is the rain god. He was the son, grandson or chief

minister of Shen Nong. He was half bull and half giant and his head was fronted

with iron.


Raicho

In Japanese mythology, Raicho is the Thunder-Bird. It looks like a rook and

lives in a pine tree but makes a terrifying noise.


Raiden

In Japanese mythology, Raiden is the god of thunder. He is depicted with claws,

a red skin and a demon's head.


Raiju

In Japanese mythology, Raiju is a demon of lightning. He is depicted as a

badger, cat or a weasel. During thunderstorms he becomes agitated and jumps

from tree to tree and likes to hide in people's navels.


Raja Angin

Raja Angin is the Malaysian Wind-God.


Raja Guru

In Batak mythology, Raja Guru is the gods' huntsman. He catches souls with his

hounds Sordaudau and Auto Portburu. When he catches a soul that person dies

suddenly.


Raja Indainda

In Batak mythology, Raja Indainda is the thunder god. He is the spy and

messenger of the other gods.


Raja Jinn Peri

In Malay mythology, Raja Jinn Peri is the King of the Fairies.


Raka

in Polynesian mythology, Raka is the God of the Winds.


Rati-mbati-ndua

In Fiji mythology, Rati-mbati-ndua is the god of the underworld who devours the

dead. He lacks arms, but has great wings.


Rauni

In Finnish mythology, Rauni (Mountain-Ash) was a goddess of air, clouds,

thunder, life-giving rain and plant life. She who oversees the harvest.


Rozanica

In Slavic mythology, Rozanica is a white clothed and glistening goddess who

comes at birth to prophesy the fate of the child.


Rupave

In Guarani mythology, Rupave was the first man, the father of the whole human

race.


Rusalky

In Slavic mythology, Rusalky is a multiple goddess of spring and summer's plant

growth. She is a water-sprite who lives in streams.


Sabians

The Sabians were a sect which arose about 830 and who followed a religion of

the ancient Syrians modified by Hellenic influences.


Sajara

Sajara is the Rainbow-god of the Songhai people of eastern Mali. He is

represented by a forked tree where a white ram is sacrificed to him.


Salamanders

The Salamanders are elementals evolved in the realm of Fire.


Saranyu

In Vedic mythology, Saranyu was the daughter of Tvashtri. She married Vivasvat

and bore him twin children, Yama and Yami, the first humans. Then afraid of her

husband's dazzling radiance, she hid among the clouds, leaving in her place and

exact replica of herself.


Sedna

In Eskimo mythology, Sedna (Arnarquagssaq, Nerrivik, Nuliajuk) was the daughter

of Anguta and his wife. In some accounts she married a dog, and her father

angry at this threw her overboard from a canoe where she sank to the depths and

lives still as queen of the monsters and demons of the Underworld.


Shahar

In Canaanite mythology, Shahar was the god of the dawn, and twin brother of

Shalim. He was a son of El and Asherah.


Shalim

In Canaanite mythology, Shalim was the god of the dusk. He was the twin brother

of Shahar and a son of El and Asherah.


Shang Di

see "Shang Te"


Shang Te

In Chinese mythology, Shang Te (or Shang Di) was the supreme being. He

personified the power which generates life and causes growth.


Shango

In Yoruba mythology, Shango is an earth god. He was the King of Oyo, but

because his citizens were dissatisfied with his tyranical rule he rode off into

the forest and rose up into heaven where he became a god of thunder and

lightning. He is the god of justice and fair play.


Shapash

In Caananite mythology, Shapash is the sun goddess.


Shing-moo

In Chinese mythology, Shing-moo was a nature goddess. She was the mother of

perfect intelligence, and gave birth to a saviour son through an immaculate

conception.


Shito Dama

In Japanese mythology, Shito Dama is an astral spirit. It is shaped like a

fireball and is bright red in colour.


Sodza

In Hua mythology, Sodza is the great god who lives in heaven and to whom the

priests pray for rain.


Sogblen

In Hua mythology, Sogblen is a god who mediates between priests and Sodza. He

carries the priests prayers to Sodza and brings back promises of good crops.


Sogbo

In Fon mythology, Sogbo is the god of thunder, lightning and fire.


Succubus

In folk-lore, Succubus were female spirits who seduced men and had intercourse

with them whilst they slept.


Sussistanako

In Pueblo mythology, Sussistanako (Thinking-Woman) is a goddess of creation. A

spider woman and a spirit and power of intelligence. She who thinks into being.


Sutalidihi

In Cherokee mythology, Sutalidihi is the sun-spirit.


Svyatogor

In Slavic mythology Svyatogor was a hero who fought monsters, notably the demon

Nightingale, a bird-headed human whose weapons were hurricanes. After

Christianity he became called Ilya Muromets, one of the bogatiri and in this

form he is accredited with building the cathedral at Kiev.


Sylphs

The Sylphs are elementals evolved in the realm of Air.


Sypave

In Guarani mythology, Sypave was the first woman, the mother of the whole human

race and the wife of Rupave.


Tahit

In Tlingit mythology, Tahit is the god of fate.


Taio

In Lakalai mythology, Taio is the moon goddess.


Takuskanskan

In Dakota mythology, Takuskanskan is the wind-spirit and trickster.


Tau

In Guarani mythology, Tau is the spirit of evil.


Taxet

In Haida mythology, Taxet is a sky-god who receives the souls of those who die

by violence.


Tcolawitze

In Hopi mythology, Tcolawitze is the fire-spirit.


Teju-Jagua

In Guarani mythology, Teju-Jagua was a great lizard with seven dog heads. He

was master of the caves and protector of the fruits.


Tenondete

see "Tupa"


Thardid Jimbo

In Australian mythology, Thardid Jimbo is a seven feet tall giant who lives in

a cave and every morning goes hunting for food.


Thora

see "Kaang"


Tirawa

In Pawnee mythology, Tirawa created the world in the shape of a bowl floating

in space. He gave the stars the task of supporting the world and protecting it.

He ordered the Moon and Sun to mate and produce a son and he ordered the

Evening and Morning stars to mate and produce a daughter, these became the

parents of the human race.


Tom Thumb

In English folk tales, Tom Thumb is a tiny man. An old, childless couple wish

for a son and are granted a thumb-sized boy. After many adventures he becomes a

brave, miniature knight at the court of King Arthur.


Tshernybog

In Slavonic mythology, Tshernybog is the black god, or god or darkness as

opposed to Bjelbog, the pale or white god.


Tule

In Zande mythology, Tule is the Spider god who brought from heaven the seeds of

all the plants on earth which he scattered in all the countries.


Tume Arandu

In Guarani mythology, Tume Arandu was one of the three sons of Rupave and

Sypave. He was the great wiseman, the great Guarani prophet, father of wisdom,

inspired by heaven.


Tuonela

In Finnish mythology, Tuonela was the underworld, a place tenanted by diseases

and corpse-eating monsters in which every concept of the upper world was

reversed.


Tuonetar

In Finnish mythology, Tuonetar was the consort of Tuoni.


Tuoni

In Finnish mythology, Tuoni was the personnification of darkness. He ruled

Tuonela, the Underworld.


Tupa

In Guarani mythology, Tupa (Tupave, Tenondete) is the supreme god. His home is

Kuarahy, the sun, the focus of light, the origin of the world. Together with

Arasy he created the universe and the first human couple (Rupave and Sypave).


Tupan

In Guarani mythology, Tupan was the son of the sky-goddess. When a flood

swamped the universe he escaped by climbing a tree. Every day thereafter, he

set out in his canoe to visit his mother, and the splashing of his paddles was

heard by humans as thunder.


Tupave

see "Tupa"


Tvashtri

In Vedic mythology, Tvashtri was the craftsman-god. In the earliest myths he

was thought to contain the seeds of everything in creation and to grant them

existence as he chose: he was thus the universal creator, the single principle

from which all arose. He was regarded as the god of human fertility, giving

people embryos and supervising the birth of healthy children.


Tzi-daltai

In Apache mythology, tzi-daltai are charms or fetishes carved from the wood of

trees struck by lightning into a semblance of a human being and worn for good

luck.


Uke-Mochi-No-Kami

In Japanese mythology, Uke-Mochi-No-Kami is the goddess of fertility and

nourishment. The provider, through death, of life sustaining substances.


Ukko

In Finnish mythology, Ukko was king of the gods, successor to the first sky god

Jumala. He was an elder of the universe, and his existence kept it in being and

guaranteed its survival. He stayed aloof; the only signs of his presence

mortals ever saw were rain clouds.


Ulala

In Haida mythology, Ulala was a man-eating ogress.


Uma

In Balinese mythology, Uma is the Rice-Goddess who causes the rice to germinate

in the ground.


Una-Kuagsak

In Inuit mythology, Una-Kuagsak is the one-eyed Queen goddess of the Arctic

Ocean. Mistress of life and death. The mother of sea-mammals.


Undines

The Undines are elementals evolved in the realm of Water.


Unicorn

The unicorn is a mythical horse with a straight horn projecting from the

forehead.


Usukun

In Lacandones mythology, Usukun is a troglodyte who rules earthquakes.


Uta

In Maori mythology, Uta is a hero and the husband of Houmea.


Utchat

The Utchat was an amulet representing the eye of Horus and used in ancient

Egypt. According to the book of the dead, the amulet should be made of

lapis-lazuli or mak stone. However, these amulets have been found made of

almost every conceivable material.


Vainamoinen

In Finnish mythology, Vainamoinen was the son of the fertilizing sea and the

creation-goddess Luonnotar. He spent 700 years reaching maturity in Luonnotar's

womb, and a further 30 years as a grown man sitting there, becoming ever more

bored and shouting vainly to the sun and stars to help him. But the sun and

stars could not hear him and Luonnotar, innocent of sex and childbirth, had no

idea she was even pregnant. Finally in desperation, Vainamoinen began hauling

himself hand over hand out of her womb and clambered out of her before swimming

ashore to the country that was to become Finland. he began clearing land for

farming using magic as he had no tools. He fought, and defeated the giant

Joukahainen using his magic.


Vampire

In Slav mythology, a Vampire is an undead corpse which lives by drinking the

blood of the living.


Venusberg

In German mythology, Venusberg was the mountain groto in which the knight

Tannhauser found Venus and her court and spent his days with her in a long

debauch, until satiated and filled with remorse he sought Pope Urban at Rome,

and begged absolution for his sin.


Vete-Ema

In Finnish mythology, Vete-Ema is the goddess of oceans, seas, lakes, rivers

and streams, the spirit of water and Queen of aquatic life.


Waitiri

In Maori mythology, Waitiri is a goddess who descended to earth, married a

human and taught man how to fish with barbs.


Wakinyan

In Dakota mythology, Wakinyan is the thunder-spirit.


Wakonda

In Sioux mythology, Wakonda is the Great Spirit.


Walpurgisnacht

Walpurgisnacht is the German festival celebrated on May the 1st. It is the time

when the witches of Central Europe rendezvous in the Harz Mountains, circling

around the bare peak of the Brocken plotting evil. The festival is named after

Saint Walburga.


Waruna

In Balinese mythology, Waruna is the god of oceans, sea, rain and water who

rules the west and is married to Durga.


Watu Gunung

In Javanese mythology, Watu Gunung was a king who unwittingly married his own

mother.


Whowie

In Australian Aborigine mythology, the Whowie is the most terrible creature in

existence. twenty feet long with six legs and the head of a frog and a tail. He

would attack and devour anything that came his way.


Woo

In Australian mythology, Woo was a strange man like creature with a single arm

formed from two arms and a single leg formed from two legs. He was an expert

marksman and adept at balance.


Yagis

In Kwakiutl mythology, Yagis is a sea monster that overturns canoes and eats

their crews.


Yarikh

In Canaanite mythology, Yarikh was the moon god.


Yata

In Japanese mythology, yata is the star-mirror of the sun goddess.


Yee-Na-Pah

In Australian Aborigne mythology, Yee-Na-Pah is a beautiful mountain devil girl

chosen by In-Nard-Dooah for his wife.


Yudistira

In Javanese mythology, Yudistira is the eldest of the Pandawas. He is the ideal

of the righteous brother, the fair fighter, the conscientious just ruler. He is

married to Drupadi.


Zu

In Babylonian mythology, Zu is an evil lesser-god who steals the tablets of

destiny from Enlil while he was washing, and flies away to his mountain. He was

killed by Lugalbanda who was sent by the gods to retrieve the tables of destiny.

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