According to the ancient Hebrews, Abaddon was chief of the demons of the 7th
In Antioquia mythology, Abira is the creator.
The Abominable snowman is a legendary creature, said to resemble a human, with
long arms and a thickset body covered with reddish gray hair. Reports of its
existence in the Himalayas have been made since 1832, and they gained substance
from a published photograph of a huge footprint in the snow in 1951. No further
"evidence" has been found.
In Zuni mythology, Achiyalatopa is a celestial giant monster with feathers of
In Iroquois mythology, Adekagagwaa is the spirit of summer who rests during the
winter in the south.
Adonis was a Phoenician god, adopted by Greek mythology as a mortal favourite
of Aphrodite. He was killed by a wild boar and upon finding him Aphrodite
caused the plant the anemone to rise from his blood.
In Arab mythology, Afrits are the most powerful class of evil spirits.
An agla is a talisman used by the rabbis to exorcise evil spirits.
In Zoroastrianism the Ahriman is the supreme evil spirit, lord of the darkness
In Zoroastrianism Ahura Mazda is the spirit of supreme good, god of light and
In Huron mythology, Airsekui is the great spirit. He is invoked at times of
In Japanese mythology, Aizen Myo-o is the god of love.
In Finnish mythology, Akka was the consort of Ukko.
In Cheyenne mythology, Aktunowihio is the soul of the earth. A subterranean
In Eskimo mythology, Akycha is the sun spirit.
In Ibo mythology, Ala is the Earth Mother, Law-giver, protectress of the
harvest. She who receives the dead into her pocket.
In Japanese mythology, Ama Terasu is the Sun-Goddess.
In Japanese mythology, Amaterasu is the sun goddess, grandmother of Jimmu
Tenno, the first ruler of Japan.
In Zuni mythology, Amitolane is the rainbow spirit.
In Persian mythology, Anahita (Immaculate-one) is a motherly goddess of life
waters, weather, fertility, procreation, war and victory.
In Syrian mythology, Anath is a goddess of earth, grain, and sacrifice. She is
the strength of life, a bloodthirsty maiden and a violent Virgin.
In Guarani mythology, Angatupyry is the spirit of good. Together with Tau they
guide people which road to follow.
In Dakota mythology, Angpetu Wi is the sun spirit.
In Eskimo mythology, Anguta is a god who lives under the sea and drags down the
In Eskimo mythology, Aningan is the moon spirit.
In Dakota mythology, Anpao is the spirit of the dawn.
In Truk Island mythology, Anulap is the sky god and the husband of Ligougubfanu.
In Guarani mythology, Arasy is the wife of Tupa. She lives in the moon.
In magic, Aratron is ruler of the affairs of Saturn. It is a spirit which can
be invoked on the 1st hour of saturday.
Ashera was an ancient Semetic goddess symbolised by the phallus. A bountiful
great mother goddess of heaven, the moon and sea. In wisdom, she was the
mistress of the Deities.
Ashtaroth was a goddess worshipped by the ancient Canaanites. She was regarded
as symbolising the productive power of nature.
In Islam, Asrael is the angel of death who takes the soul from the body.
Astarte is a Syrian goddess representing the productive power of nature. She
was a moon goddess.
In Iroquois mythology, Ataentsic is the goddess of the earth. She was the Woman
Who fell from the sky and creatress of the sun and moon. It is she who gives
counsel in dreams.
In the mythology of The Marquesas Islands, Atanua is the dawn goddess. She was
the wife of Atea, and it was her miscarriage that created the seas.
In the mythology of the Marquesas Islands, Atea is the god of light and husband
Ateshga was a sacred site for the Guebres. It was on the peninsular of Apsheron
on the west coast of the Caspian sea. Pilgrims would bow before the sacred
flames which issued forth from the bituminous soil.
In the mythology of the Gilbert Island, Au is the sun god and lord of the skies.
Avali is the plural of Omuli.
In Zuni mythology, Awonawilona was the divine Shehe from Whose being flowed
forth the mists of increasing and the streams of growing.
In Hausa mythology, Ba-Maguje is the spirit of drunkeness.
In Canaanite mythology, Baal was the god of fertility. He was the son of El.
In Arapesh mythology, Babamik is a cannibal ogress who is eventually lured to
her death and she then becomes a crocodile.
In Malaysian mythology, the bajang is an evil spirit which usually takes the
shape of a polecat. When it mews at night a child will die. It is said that a
bajang is obtained from the newly buried body of a still-born child, and can be
lured from it by incantations of a sorcerer.
In Balinese mythology, Barong is a protective spirit portrayed as a lion or
In Indonesian mythology, Batara Guru is the great god who made the earth.
In Batak mythology, begu are ghosts which wander the afterworld formless and
starving. They approach humans by way of mediums demanding sacrifices to feed
on. They may also steel the soul of a living person for a husband/wife.
In Melanau mythology, Belam are protective spirits who catch the souls of sick
people and return them to their bodies thereby curing them.
In Zaire mythology, Biloko are spirits which live in hollow trees in the
forest. They dress only in leaves and are devoid of hair, instead grass grows
on their body. They have piercing eyes and a snout with a mouth which can open
wide enough to swallow a man dead or alive. They have long sharp claws and can
put a spell on passers by except those protected by strong counter magic.
In Japanese mythology, Bimbogami is the god of poverty. He is an obstinate
companion of families, who try hard to get rid of him and with him their
In Slavonic mythology, Bjelbog is the pale or white god, as opposed to
Tshernybog, the black god or god of darkness.
In Chibcha mythology, Bochica was the supreme being.
A Bodhisattva is someone who has transmuted his personal human nature and
raised it into impersonality.
In Kwakiutl mythology, Bokwus is a wild spirit of the woods who draws the
spirits of the drowned to his home.
In Bororo mythology, Bope are evil spirits who attack the souls of the dead.
Boraspati ni Tano
In Batak mythology, Boraspati ni Tano is an earth spirit. Sacrifices are made
to him when a new house is built.
In Scotland, brownies are imaginary spirits believed to haunt houses,
particularly farmhouses. Rather than doing damage, they are believed to be
helpful to the family, particularly to the servants if they treat the brownie
In Tongan mythology, Bulotu is the paradise where the spirits of the dead live
amidst richly laden fruit trees and blossoms in eternal bliss.
In Quecha mythology, Cavillaca was a goddess loved by Coniraya.
In Chinese mythology, Ch'ang-O is the graceful moth-eyebrowed maiden goddess of
the moon and immortality. The dispenser of life magic.
In Pawnee mythology, Chahuru is the spirit of water.
In Abnaki mythology, the Chenoo were stone giants versed in hunting who were
invoked to assist the hunters.
In Chibcha mythology, Chia is the moon-goddess.
In Chibcha mythology, Chibchacum was the god of farmers and merchants.
In Curra mythology, Chipiripa is the rain god.
In Pawnee mythology, Chixu are the spirits of the dead.
In Chinese mythology, Chun-T'i is a goddess of war. She who is capable of
miraculous feats and she who excels in the magic arts.
The Cockatrice is a fictious creature said to be hatched from a cock's egg by a
serpant. It is an ugly creature with a crested head, glittering eyes, a barbed
tongue and a serpants tail. Mention is made of the Cockatrice in several
passages of the bible. It probably has as its origin the hermaphroditic fowl -
a crowing hen - which is known to occur in nature. In 1474 a Basel cock was
sentenced to death for laying an egg!
In Quecha mythology, Coniraya is the creator of all things and the founder of
agriculture. He came to earth as a beggar, fell in love with the goddess
Cavillaca and secretly impregnated her by turning some of his sperm into fruit
which she ate. Cavillaca later turned herself and her child into stone at the
shame of mothering the child of a beggar.
Dagon was the god of the Philistines. He had the upper torso of a man and the
tail of a fish.
In Hausa mythology, the Dakaki is a serpant spirit which causes the evil eye
resulting in stomach ulcers.
In Huli mythology, dama are invisible deities which control the weather and
attack people causing illness, sterility or death. Most of them can also bring
good fortune, but a small minority are completely evil.
In Huli mythology, dama dagenda are evil forest-spirits that attack travellers
making their noses bleed and giving them sores.
In Java mythology, each village has a Danhyang Desa which is a spirit who lives
in a large tree near to or in the village. All blessings emanate from him. Any
disasters occuring to the village are seen as a sign that he has been neglected.
In Huli mythology, Datagaliwabe is a giant who punishes offences against
kinship laws with illness, fatal accidents or death in battle.
In Fijian mythology, Degei is the serpant-god in the Kauvadra hills who
interogates the souls of the dead and punishes the souls of lazy people while
rewarding those of hard working people.
Dido was a Phoenician princess. The legendary founder of Carthage, she
committed suicide to avoid marrying a local prince.
In the mythology of Melanesia, Digawina is a demoness who steals food and
stuffs it into her enormous vagina.
In Huli mythology, Dinditane is a fertility god of gardening.
In Australian mythology, Djanggau with Her sister Djunkgao, are dual fertility
goddess who brought forth all life in the beginning.
In Germanic mythology, Donar was the god of thunder, equivalent to the Norse
In Javanese mythology, Drupadi is a warrior and expert archer, wife of
Yudistira. She often joins in battle dressed as a male warrior.
In Huli mythology, Dunawali is an evil goddess who lodges herself in a woman's
internal organs making the victim the innocent vehicle of the goddesses evil
In Jamaican folklore, Duppies are the ghosts of deceased people. An Obeah man
will summon a Duppy and plant it in a home to curse the occupants. A sample of
the victim's clothing, hair or especially menstrual fluid may be obtained so
that a Duppy may rape a femal victim while she sleeps and make her ill.
In Balinese mythology, Durga is the goddess of death and disease. She is
married to Waruna.
In Korekore mythology, Dzivaguru was the great earth goddess. She lived in a
valley near Dande, kept cattle and goats and dressed in goatskins. She posessed
a long horn which gave he whatever she wished for.
In Islamic mythology, Eblis is the chief of the evil spirits.
In Libyan mythology, Echidne (She-Viper) is part beauteous woman and part
speckled serpent. She is a goddess of death, the underworld and prophesy.
In Quecha mythology, Ekkekko is the god of good fortune.
In Canaanite mythology, El was the father of the gods.
In Zaire mythology, the Eloko are dwarves who live in the densest and darkest
parts of the forest guarding their treasure, which is the fruits and animals of
In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Enkidu is the wild man created by the goddess Aruru
who becomes a companion to Gilgamesh. After Gilgamesh has provoked the anger of
the goddess Ishtar, Enkidu sickens and dies.
In Syrian mythology, Eve is a life-giving goddess. The creatrix of all
manifested forms, the mother womb and instructress of humanity.
In Syrian Arab mythology, Fatima is the great goddess of the moon and fate. The
source of the Sun and the virgin Queen of Heaven. She is represented as the
Tree of Paradise.
In Bilan mythology, Finweigh was the god who with Melu made man.
In Gururumba mythology, the forso are ghosts of the dead. They are tiresome
attracting attention and causing accidents and illness.
In Japanese mythology, Fuji is the goddess of Mount Fuji and its rocks. She is
the one to whose peak pilgrims climb to worship the rising sun.
In Colombian mythology, Fura-Chogue is the first mother. The Spirit of the
waters and goddess of vegetation and harvest. She is the teacher of order and
In Iroquois mythology, Ga-oh is the wind-giant. His house is guarded by a bear,
whose prowling brings the north wind; a panther whose whining brings the
westerly wind; a moose whose breathing brings the wet east wind and a fawn
whose returning to its mother brings the gentle south wind.
In Iroquois mythology, the Gahonga are the jogah of rocks and rivers.
In Iroquois mythology, the Gandayah are the jogah who tend the earth's
In Apache mythology, the Gans were mountain spirits sent to teach the Apache
the arts of civilisation. But they went away because they were distressed by
the corruption of people.
In the mythology of the Bushpeople of Botswana, Gauna (Gawa, Gawama) was death,
leader of spirits. He lived in the underworld, and was forever roaming in the
Upper World to snatch away mortals and carry them below. His people were
miserable and restless under the earth, and always tried to escape and take
over the Upper World. During the time when Kaang lived on Earth, he kept Gauna
in check, and in particular taught human beings a series of rituals and taboos
which, rigorously observed, would keep the ghosts in their graves and stop
Gauna from taking over the Upper World.
In Iranian mythology, Geush Urvan was the power of Mother Earth given form as a
bull. For the 3000 years it lived on Earth, all the strength of the universe
was located there. Then Mithras killed it, and its energy was transferred to
the sky, where universal strength ever afterwards belonged to the gods. The
decaying corpse, however, remained on Earth, and the last scraps of Geush
Urvan's power were reformed into every species of animal and plant.
In Cherokee mythology, Geyaguga is the moon spirit.
Gikuyu and Mumbi were the spiritual ancestors of all the Kikuyu people. They
had 9 daughters. For the daughters, Gikuyu found 9 husbands beneath a large fig
tree at Murang'a for the daughters. These husbands then became the ancestors of
the 9 Kikuyu clans.
Gilgamesh was a hero of Sumerian, Hittite, Akkadian and Assyrian legend. He was
one-third mortal and two-thirds divine. Gilgamesh was Lord of the Sumerian city
The Gnomes are elementals evolved in the realm of Earth.
In Iroquois mythology, Gohone is the spirit of winter.
In Fon mythology, Gu was a blacksmith-god who took not human form but the shape
of a tool. At the beginning of creation his parent, Mawu-Lisa, made him in the
form of a trowel, using him to mould human beings from the celestial dung-heap.
When mortals were establishing themselves on earth. Mawu-Lisa changed Gu's
shape to that of a metal blade embedded in a rock, and sent him to earth to
teach humans how to make and use tools of their own.
In Chinese mythology, Guan Di or Guang Gong was the god of martial arts, and of
the diplomacy which prevents or puts an end to fighting. His wisdom came partly
from his courteous manner, partly from his knowledge of literature, and partly
from knowledge of the future.
see "Guang Di"
In Chinese mythology, Guanyin is the goddess of mercy.
In the myths of the Wiyot people of Northern California, Gudratrigakwitl
created the universe by the unusual method of putting his hands together and
then spreading the palms and fingers wide, like wings. The whole created world
lies safe between these outspread hands, and despite the evil and cruelty it
contains, in his benevolence he has never yet been moved to clap them together
and end it.
The Guebres were Persian fire worshippers.
In the myths of the Araucanian people of Chile, Guecufu was the king of demons
and arch-enemy of Guinechen. He was always sending plagues, floods and other
disasters to wipe out Guinechen's mortal creations, and Guinechen's
interventions - and therefore die war between the two supernatural beings -
guaranteed not only dissension in die universe, but also its continuity.
In Araucanian mythology, Guinechen or Guienapun ensured the continuation of
life in the universe. He was perpetually at war with Pillan the thunder-god and
with Guecufu king of the demons. Their struggle kept the universe in
equilibrium, and the myth forecast that when that struggle was disturbed, the
world would end.
Ha Wen Neyu
In Iroquois mythology, Ha Wen Neyu is the great spirit.
In Canaanite mythology, Hadad was the god of thunder and lightning.
In Jate mythology, Hafoza is the god of thunder and lightning.
In Dakota mythology, Hanghepi is the spirit of the night moon.
In Malaysian mythology, Hantu Air is the god of the sea.
In Australian mythology, Harrimiah is the twin brother of Perindi. Although he
loves his brother, he is abused by him and this saddens Harrimiah so that he
buries himself in the sand, whereupon his wife and mother ask the wattle and
apple trees to keep watch over him, which they do.
In Navajo mythology, Hastsehogan is the god of houses.
In Navajo mythology, Hastseltsi is the god of racing.
In Navajo mythology, Hastsezini is the fire-god.
In Maori mythology, Hau is the god of wind.
In Hawaiin mythology, Haumea is the goddess of procreation and childbirth.
In Cheyenne mythology, Heammawihio is the great spirit.
In Ju mythology, Heise was half man and half god. He created the forests from
his own hair so that his own delicate son could have shelter from the searing
In Huli mythology, Helabe is a son of Honabe.
In Huli mythology, Helahuli is a son of Honabe. His four sons were the founders
of mankind and the four tribes bear their names.
In Huron mythology, Heng is the god of thunder.
In Huli mythology, Herabe is a god who causes insanity.
In Japanese legends, Hidesato is a fearless hero who killed the centipede and
In Iroquois mythology, Hino is the thunder god, guardian of the skies.
In Canaanite mythology, Hiribi was the goddess of summer.
In Easter Island mythology, Hiro is the god of rain and fertility.
In Chinese mythology, Ho-Hsien-Ku is the virgin of the mountains, agility,
immortality and mother reverence. She is one of the `eight immortals'.
In Dakota mythology, Hokewingla is a turtle spirit who lives in the moon.
In Syrian mythology, Hokhma is the goddess of spiritual transformation. The
mother of the stars and the inspiration of philosophers.
In Huli mythology, Honabe is the primaeval goddess and the first inhabitant of
the land. She was seduced by the god Timbu and bore five deities.
In Papua New Guinean mythology, Honoyeta was the demon who brought mortality to
human beings. he had two wives, who mated with him as an enormous snake. But
when they went to work each morning, he shed his snakeskin, became a handsome
human and enjoyed sex with every pretty girl he found. One day the wives found
out and burned his snakeskin. Honoyeta, condemned to human form for the rest of
eternity, retaliated by introducing death to mankind.
In Pawnee mythology, Hoturu is the wind spirit.
In Chinese mythology, Hou-T'u is the goddess of the planet; Origin of people
and all creation. She is the matron of the soil and its fertility.
In Maori mythology, Houmea was a cannibal who swallowed her own children, but
was forced to disgorge them by her husband, Uta. She later persued him and the
children in the form of a stag and he killed her by throwing hot stones down
Hu was the giver of mead and wine to man. He holds a plough to show men that
the noblest of the arts is to control and to guide.
In Chibcha mythology, Huitaca is the beautiful goddess of drunkeness and
In Brazilian mythology, Iamanja is the goddess of the sea. A merciful answerer
of prayers and she whose waters salve the wounded spirit.
In Eskimo mythology, Idlirvirissong is an evil spirit.
Ifa is the Yoruba god of wisdom, knowledge and divining.
In Eskimo mythology, Igaluk is the moon spirit.
In Japanese mythology, Iki-Ryo is a spirit of anger and jealousy which does
harm to other people.
In Tiwi mythology, Ilara is the underworld.
In Finnish mythology, Ilmarinen was a blacksmith-god. Some accounts say he was
the brother of Vainamoinen.
In Banyarwanda mythology Imana was the creator and supporter of the universe.
He ruled all living beings, and guaranteed them immortality by hunting Death, a
savage wild animal. When he was hunting, his orders were that everything in
creation was to stay in hiding, so that Death would have no refuge. But one day
in the quiteness of the hunt, an old woman crept out to hoe her vegetable
garden - and Death hid under her skirt and was taken inside with her. Imana
tried a second way of cheating Death by telling the old woman's relatives to
bury her body but leave cracks in the earth above her, so that she could hear
him calling her back to life. But the old woman's daughter-in-law who hated
her, filled the cracks with earth and banged the surface hard with her pounding
stick - and Death became endemic.
In Australian Aborigine mythology, In-Nard-Dooah is a porcupine who marries
In Polynesian mythology, Ina is a two-faced great goddess of the sea, healing
and death. She is an enchanting tapa-beating woman of the moon.
In Japanese mythology, Inari is both the god of food and the goddess of rice.
Inari is both male and female and takes both forms.
In folk-lore, the Incubus were male spirits who raped women during their sleep,
producing Witches and Demons as offspring.
In Inca mythology, Inti is the sun god.
In Huron mythology, Ioskeha was the all-good twin brother of Tawiskara,
grandson of Ataentsic. He duelled with his brother for control of the world,
each brother taking up whatever weapon he could find. Tawiskara fought with a
rose-twig bu Ioskeha used a stag's antlers and won. Tawiskara fled into exile,
weeping flint tears, and Ioskeha celebrated his victory and his power in the
world by creating the Huron people.
In Eskimo mythology, Isitoq is a spirit who helps to find people who have
In Amazon mythology, Ituana is the great goddess of the Amazon river. She is
the many-breasted foster mother of the earth's innumerable children.
In Keres mythology, Iyatiku is the earth mother. A Counselor and she who
welcomes us home when we cast off our coil of flesh.
Izdubar was a hero of ancient Babylonia. He has feats similar to those of
Hercules ascribed to him.
In Guarani mythology, Japeusa was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave.
He was born standing up and was the disobedient son who did things backwards.
In Chinese mythology, Jen-Shen is a divine Shehe of man. The creator of
thought, language, music and civilizations.
In Zimbabwean mythology, Jezanna is a glowing goddess of the golden moon,
abundant crops, healthy children and plentiful cattle.
In Japanese mythology, jikininki are the spirits of dead people whose greed
prevented their souls from entering a more peaceful existence after death and
who lead a half-life by eating corpses.
In Muslim mythology, a jinn is a spirit which is able to assume human or animal
shape. They are supposed to have been created out of fire and maybe either good
or bad and may be controlled by man by the use of Talismans.
In Iroquois mythology, jogah are dwarf nature spirits.
In Colombian mythology, Jubchas-Guaya was the rebellious, light-hearted, wild
and lovely goddess of the moon, love, happiness and intoxication.
In Finnish mythology, Jumala was the first sky god. He had no shape or
identity, but was a creative impulse only.
In Dravidian mythology, Jyestha was the goddess of the cosmic energy which
motivates evolution. She who dances the dance of life.
In the mythology of the Bushpeople of Botswana, Kaang (Cagn, Kho, Thora)
created the world and everything in it. At first he lived in harmony with human
beings, his sons Cogaz and Gewi marrying mortal wives and one of his faughters
married a human chief. He spent his time fighting Gauna, lord of death. At one
time he was killed by Gauna's creatures the thorns, but he reassembled his
skeleton and lived again. However, as human beings forgot his importance he
decided to leave the Earth and went to live in the Sky as a disembodied spirit,
taking with him the secret of immortality and leaving humans to be preyed upon
In eskimo mythology, the Kadlu were three sisters who lived in the sky and made
thunder and lightning by scrubbing sealskins together.
In Japanese mythology, Kagutsuchi is the spirit of fire, the god of destructive
and purifying fire, and of summer heat. When he was born he scorched the vagina
of his mother Izanami so badly that she died. His father cut him into five
pieces, and as his blood hit the ground it became five mountain spirits. Just
like fire he rekindled himself and settled on the peak of Mount Atago.
In Wintun mythology, Kahit is the wind god.
In Javanese and Balinese mythology, Kala is the god of time and death. He would
appear to people when they were due to die.
In Polynesian mythology, Kalamainu and Kilioa are two lizard women who keep the
souls of the dead imprisoned.
In Finnish mythology, Kalma was the goddess of death and decay. In the Upper
World she haunted graves, snatching the flesh of the dead. In Tuonela, the
Underworld, she lived in an invisible country guarded by the flesh-eating
In Ndonga mythology, Kalunga is the creator of all things, the supreme god.
In Lithuanian mythology, Kalvaitis was the blacksmith god who each day remade
the sun disc, sending it red-hot across the sky.
In Cherokee mythology, Kanati was the first man and ancestor of the Cherokee.
He was married to Selu.
In Hawaiin mythology, Kapo is a fertility god.
In Canaanite mythology, the Kathirat were the wise goddesses.
In Iroquois mythology, Keneun is chief of the Thunderbirds. He is an invisible
spirit. Thunder is the sound of his beating wings and lightning his flashing
In Guarani mythology, Kerana is the goddess of sleep.
In Aymara mythology, Khuno is the god of snowstorms.
In Angolan mythology, Kianda is the god of the sea and the fish in it.
In Australian Aborigine mythology, Kinie Ger was a ruthless and murderous beast
with the head and body of a cat but the limbs of a man who went around killing
innocent people, animals and birds. He was killed by the owl and the crow who
ambushed him when he came to drink at a water hole.
In Angolan folklore, a Kishi is an evil spirit. It is a demon with two faces on
its head. One face resembles that of a normal man, and the other is the face of
a hyena with big strong teeth and powerful jaw muscles.
In Russian mythology, Kostrubonko is god of the spring.
In Canaanite mythology, Kothar-u-Khasis was the god of craftsmanship.
In Hausa mythology, Kuri is a black hyena spirit who causes paralysis.
In Chinese mythology, Kwai-Yin is the wife of Shang Te. She is the mother of
mothers, a goddess with a thousand arms and sits upon a throne made of the
Laima was the Baltic goddess of good luck. Originally she and her sisters Karta
and Dekla controlled the destinies of all living things, and her particular
function was to choose the moment of death.
Land of Cockaigne
The Land of Cockaigne is an imaginary Utopia in mediaeval legend where a life
of luxury and idleness was possible. Cockaigne was a gourmand's paradise where
the rivers flowed wine and the houses were made of cake and the pavements of
In Slavic mythology, the Leshy (Ljeschi) was the spirit of the forest. he was
jealous of his forest kingdom and tried to lose travellers in its depth. He
could change his shape but could always be recognised by his face which
In Upoto mythology, Libanza is the creator. He created the sky and the gods
that inhabit it, and the sun that contains the fire of life, then he made the
moon, the earth and all its inhabitants. He made all people equal, but calling
them together the Earth people dawdled and Libanza gave the moon people
immortality and sent the Earth people death. However, the moon people begged
him to change his mind and he relented sufficiently to grant Earth people
immortality in his Heaven, but only after they had served a lifetime of pain
and toil on earth.
In Fon mythology, Lisa is the sun god who causes the day and its heat. He is
the god of strength and endurance.
In Chinese mythology, Long Wang was a god of water and the bringer of rain.
When he appeared to humans he borrowed shape from a variety of Earth's
creatures and was generous to mortals.
In Finnish mythology, Louhi was a magic-working ice giantess, Princess of
Pohjola. When suitors came to marry her daughter, she set them impossible tasks
and if these taks were overcome she had her army of frost giants kill them.
In Finnish mythology, Loviatar was the goddess of plagues. She was the hideous
daughter of Tuoni and Tuonetar, the King and Queen of the Underworld. Her body
was ravaged by all the diseases to which it was host. She mated with the wind
and had nine terrible children which gusted out across the universe carrying
In Bakongo mythology, Lubangala is the protector of villages, men and the souls
of the dead. He appears as a rainbow during and after storms.
In Zulu mythology, Mamlambo is the godess of the rivers.
In North American Indian mythology, Manabozho is a mischievious giant.
In Batak mythology, Mangalubulan is the god of thieves.
In Buddhism, the Mara is a supernatural being who tried to distract Buddha from
the meditations which led to his enlightenment.
In Guarani mythology, Marangatu was one of the three sons of Rupave and Sypave.
He was virtuous, goodnatured, the father of Kerana.
Marduk was the Babylonian sun god, creator of Earth and humans.
In Fon mythology, Mawu is the moon goddess. She is the sister of Lisa, and
causes the night and its coolness. She is also the goddess of peace, joy,
fertility, motherhood and rain.
In Zaire mythology, Mbombo is the White Giant who rules over the chaos of the
universe and one day from his stomach comes the sun, the moon and the stars,
and soon after the trees, animals and people of the earth.
Metempsychosis is the transmigration of the soul after death through the bodies
of lower animals, plants or inanimate objects. Also called reincarnation.
Mithras was the Persian god of light. Mithras represented the power of
goodness, and promised his followers compensation for present evil after death.
He was said to have captured and killed the sacred bull, from whose blood all
life sprang. Mithraism was introduced into the Roman Empire 68 BC. By about AD
250, it rivaled Christianity in strength. A bath in the blood of a sacrificed
bull formed part of the initiation ceremony of the Mithraic cult, which spread
rapidly, gaining converts especially among soldiers.
In Guarani mythology, Monai was god of the countryside and the air.
In Canaanite mythology, Mot was the god of sterility.
In the mythology of Sulawesi Island, Ndara is the god of the underworld.
Nergal was the Babylonian god of the underworld.
In Mesopotamian mythology, Nergal was amorality personified and symbolized the
unpredictability and risk in mortal life, and in particular brought death.
In Fiji mythology, Ngendi is a fertility god who showed men the use of fire.
In Huli mythology, the god Ni is the sole cause of leprosy.
In Canaanite mythology, Nikkal was the goddess of the fruits of the earth. She
was a daughter of Hiribi. She married Yarikh.
In Japanese mythology, Niniji was the grandson of Amaterasu, the sun. His task
was to direct the suns rays from heaven to swell the celestial paddies which
provided food for the gods.
In Yoruba mythology, Obatala was the son of Olodumare. He created makind from
In Yoruba mythology, Oduduwa is the wife of Obatala.
In Yoruba mythology, Ogun is a son of Obatala and Oduduwa. He was a warrior who
won many battles and was rewarded with the kingdom of the town of Ire in the
land of Ekiti given to him by Oduduwa.
In Iroquois mythology, the Ohdows are the jogah who control the underworld
spirits and prevent them coming to the surface.
In Nigerian mythology, Olokun is the god of sea and lagoons and brother of
In Nigerian mythology, Olorun is the god of the sky.
In Lydian mythology, Omphale is a goddess of the earth, rebirth & augury. The
universal womb and the hub of life.
In Nande folklore, an Omuli is a woman or girl who consumes the soul of a
living person, and causes that person to die of consumption.
In Saxon mythology, Ostara was the goddess of sunrise and the east. The ruler
of the vernal equinox and earth's springtime burgeoning.
In Vedic mythology, Parjanya was the son of the sky god Dyaus. He was the god
of rain-clouds and drove a cart across the sky, laden with bags and buckets of
rain which he poured out on the Earth below. Because he sent rain to fertilize
the ground, he also oversaw the fertility of animals (especially horses and
cattle) and of human beings.
In Australian mythology, Perindi is the evil twin brother of Harrimiah and
paints him badly so as to attract the attentions of the maidens for himself.
In Eskimo mythology, Pinga is a female spirit who watches carefully over men's
actions, especially their treatment of animals.
In Finnish mythology, Pohjola or Pohja, was the country of the ice-giants in
the Far North, realm of the evil queen Louhi. Later Finns identified it as the
part of their country, and of Lapland, which lay in the Arctic Circle, but in
earlier myth it was utterly remote, a frozen continent in the no-man's-land
between Earth and stars.
In Blackfoot mythology, Poia was the son of the Morning Star and the mortal
woman Soatsaki. The Morning Star took Soatsaki to the court of his father the
Sun in Heaven, hoping to grant her immortality. But she preferred Earth to
Heaven and the Sun, insulted, sent her back to Earth to bear her son, and then
let her die. The child was born with a port-wine birthmark- hence his name -
and grew up with the Blackfoot people. He asked to marry the chiefs daughter,
but was rejected as 'blemished'. He set out to find his grandfather the Sun and
ask for help, leaving the land and walking West across the sea on the path made
by the Sun's reflection on the water. In Heaven he rescued his father Morning
Star from seven birds of darkness, and the Sun rewarded him by removing his
birthmark. He hurried down to Earth, along the Milky Way, and took his mortal
beloved back into Heaven just as his father had fetched his mother there long
In Slavic and Russian mythology, Poludnitsa was a mischievous spirit who
tormented people working in the fields, especially at midday in summer. She
pinched them and pulled their hair, and if they failed to greet her politely,
she took their children into the standing corn and lost them.
In Guarani mythology, Porasy was a daughter of Rupave and Sypave. She was the
mother of beauty, a woman of great physical strength who sacrificied herself to
save her people from the domination of the seven evil sons of Tau and Kerana.
In Australian Aborigine folk-lore, Puckowe is the Grandmother spirit who lives
in the sky and comes to the aid of medicine men.
In Chinese mythology, Qi Yu is the rain god. He was the son, grandson or chief
minister of Shen Nong. He was half bull and half giant and his head was fronted
In Japanese mythology, Raicho is the Thunder-Bird. It looks like a rook and
lives in a pine tree but makes a terrifying noise.
In Japanese mythology, Raiden is the god of thunder. He is depicted with claws,
a red skin and a demon's head.
In Japanese mythology, Raiju is a demon of lightning. He is depicted as a
badger, cat or a weasel. During thunderstorms he becomes agitated and jumps
from tree to tree and likes to hide in people's navels.
Raja Angin is the Malaysian Wind-God.
In Batak mythology, Raja Guru is the gods' huntsman. He catches souls with his
hounds Sordaudau and Auto Portburu. When he catches a soul that person dies
In Batak mythology, Raja Indainda is the thunder god. He is the spy and
messenger of the other gods.
Raja Jinn Peri
In Malay mythology, Raja Jinn Peri is the King of the Fairies.
in Polynesian mythology, Raka is the God of the Winds.
In Fiji mythology, Rati-mbati-ndua is the god of the underworld who devours the
dead. He lacks arms, but has great wings.
In Finnish mythology, Rauni (Mountain-Ash) was a goddess of air, clouds,
thunder, life-giving rain and plant life. She who oversees the harvest.
In Slavic mythology, Rozanica is a white clothed and glistening goddess who
comes at birth to prophesy the fate of the child.
In Guarani mythology, Rupave was the first man, the father of the whole human
In Slavic mythology, Rusalky is a multiple goddess of spring and summer's plant
growth. She is a water-sprite who lives in streams.
The Sabians were a sect which arose about 830 and who followed a religion of
the ancient Syrians modified by Hellenic influences.
Sajara is the Rainbow-god of the Songhai people of eastern Mali. He is
represented by a forked tree where a white ram is sacrificed to him.
The Salamanders are elementals evolved in the realm of Fire.
In Vedic mythology, Saranyu was the daughter of Tvashtri. She married Vivasvat
and bore him twin children, Yama and Yami, the first humans. Then afraid of her
husband's dazzling radiance, she hid among the clouds, leaving in her place and
exact replica of herself.
In Eskimo mythology, Sedna (Arnarquagssaq, Nerrivik, Nuliajuk) was the daughter
of Anguta and his wife. In some accounts she married a dog, and her father
angry at this threw her overboard from a canoe where she sank to the depths and
lives still as queen of the monsters and demons of the Underworld.
In Canaanite mythology, Shahar was the god of the dawn, and twin brother of
Shalim. He was a son of El and Asherah.
In Canaanite mythology, Shalim was the god of the dusk. He was the twin brother
of Shahar and a son of El and Asherah.
see "Shang Te"
In Chinese mythology, Shang Te (or Shang Di) was the supreme being. He
personified the power which generates life and causes growth.
In Yoruba mythology, Shango is an earth god. He was the King of Oyo, but
because his citizens were dissatisfied with his tyranical rule he rode off into
the forest and rose up into heaven where he became a god of thunder and
lightning. He is the god of justice and fair play.
In Caananite mythology, Shapash is the sun goddess.
In Chinese mythology, Shing-moo was a nature goddess. She was the mother of
perfect intelligence, and gave birth to a saviour son through an immaculate
In Japanese mythology, Shito Dama is an astral spirit. It is shaped like a
fireball and is bright red in colour.
In Hua mythology, Sodza is the great god who lives in heaven and to whom the
priests pray for rain.
In Hua mythology, Sogblen is a god who mediates between priests and Sodza. He
carries the priests prayers to Sodza and brings back promises of good crops.
In Fon mythology, Sogbo is the god of thunder, lightning and fire.
In folk-lore, Succubus were female spirits who seduced men and had intercourse
with them whilst they slept.
In Pueblo mythology, Sussistanako (Thinking-Woman) is a goddess of creation. A
spider woman and a spirit and power of intelligence. She who thinks into being.
In Cherokee mythology, Sutalidihi is the sun-spirit.
In Slavic mythology Svyatogor was a hero who fought monsters, notably the demon
Nightingale, a bird-headed human whose weapons were hurricanes. After
Christianity he became called Ilya Muromets, one of the bogatiri and in this
form he is accredited with building the cathedral at Kiev.
The Sylphs are elementals evolved in the realm of Air.
In Guarani mythology, Sypave was the first woman, the mother of the whole human
race and the wife of Rupave.
In Tlingit mythology, Tahit is the god of fate.
In Lakalai mythology, Taio is the moon goddess.
In Dakota mythology, Takuskanskan is the wind-spirit and trickster.
In Guarani mythology, Tau is the spirit of evil.
In Haida mythology, Taxet is a sky-god who receives the souls of those who die
In Hopi mythology, Tcolawitze is the fire-spirit.
In Guarani mythology, Teju-Jagua was a great lizard with seven dog heads. He
was master of the caves and protector of the fruits.
In Australian mythology, Thardid Jimbo is a seven feet tall giant who lives in
a cave and every morning goes hunting for food.
In Pawnee mythology, Tirawa created the world in the shape of a bowl floating
in space. He gave the stars the task of supporting the world and protecting it.
He ordered the Moon and Sun to mate and produce a son and he ordered the
Evening and Morning stars to mate and produce a daughter, these became the
parents of the human race.
In English folk tales, Tom Thumb is a tiny man. An old, childless couple wish
for a son and are granted a thumb-sized boy. After many adventures he becomes a
brave, miniature knight at the court of King Arthur.
In Slavonic mythology, Tshernybog is the black god, or god or darkness as
opposed to Bjelbog, the pale or white god.
In Zande mythology, Tule is the Spider god who brought from heaven the seeds of
all the plants on earth which he scattered in all the countries.
In Guarani mythology, Tume Arandu was one of the three sons of Rupave and
Sypave. He was the great wiseman, the great Guarani prophet, father of wisdom,
inspired by heaven.
In Finnish mythology, Tuonela was the underworld, a place tenanted by diseases
and corpse-eating monsters in which every concept of the upper world was
In Finnish mythology, Tuonetar was the consort of Tuoni.
In Finnish mythology, Tuoni was the personnification of darkness. He ruled
Tuonela, the Underworld.
In Guarani mythology, Tupa (Tupave, Tenondete) is the supreme god. His home is
Kuarahy, the sun, the focus of light, the origin of the world. Together with
Arasy he created the universe and the first human couple (Rupave and Sypave).
In Guarani mythology, Tupan was the son of the sky-goddess. When a flood
swamped the universe he escaped by climbing a tree. Every day thereafter, he
set out in his canoe to visit his mother, and the splashing of his paddles was
heard by humans as thunder.
In Vedic mythology, Tvashtri was the craftsman-god. In the earliest myths he
was thought to contain the seeds of everything in creation and to grant them
existence as he chose: he was thus the universal creator, the single principle
from which all arose. He was regarded as the god of human fertility, giving
people embryos and supervising the birth of healthy children.
In Apache mythology, tzi-daltai are charms or fetishes carved from the wood of
trees struck by lightning into a semblance of a human being and worn for good
In Japanese mythology, Uke-Mochi-No-Kami is the goddess of fertility and
nourishment. The provider, through death, of life sustaining substances.
In Finnish mythology, Ukko was king of the gods, successor to the first sky god
Jumala. He was an elder of the universe, and his existence kept it in being and
guaranteed its survival. He stayed aloof; the only signs of his presence
mortals ever saw were rain clouds.
In Haida mythology, Ulala was a man-eating ogress.
In Balinese mythology, Uma is the Rice-Goddess who causes the rice to germinate
in the ground.
In Inuit mythology, Una-Kuagsak is the one-eyed Queen goddess of the Arctic
Ocean. Mistress of life and death. The mother of sea-mammals.
The Undines are elementals evolved in the realm of Water.
The unicorn is a mythical horse with a straight horn projecting from the
In Lacandones mythology, Usukun is a troglodyte who rules earthquakes.
In Maori mythology, Uta is a hero and the husband of Houmea.
The Utchat was an amulet representing the eye of Horus and used in ancient
Egypt. According to the book of the dead, the amulet should be made of
lapis-lazuli or mak stone. However, these amulets have been found made of
almost every conceivable material.
In Finnish mythology, Vainamoinen was the son of the fertilizing sea and the
creation-goddess Luonnotar. He spent 700 years reaching maturity in Luonnotar's
womb, and a further 30 years as a grown man sitting there, becoming ever more
bored and shouting vainly to the sun and stars to help him. But the sun and
stars could not hear him and Luonnotar, innocent of sex and childbirth, had no
idea she was even pregnant. Finally in desperation, Vainamoinen began hauling
himself hand over hand out of her womb and clambered out of her before swimming
ashore to the country that was to become Finland. he began clearing land for
farming using magic as he had no tools. He fought, and defeated the giant
Joukahainen using his magic.
In Slav mythology, a Vampire is an undead corpse which lives by drinking the
blood of the living.
In German mythology, Venusberg was the mountain groto in which the knight
Tannhauser found Venus and her court and spent his days with her in a long
debauch, until satiated and filled with remorse he sought Pope Urban at Rome,
and begged absolution for his sin.
In Finnish mythology, Vete-Ema is the goddess of oceans, seas, lakes, rivers
and streams, the spirit of water and Queen of aquatic life.
In Maori mythology, Waitiri is a goddess who descended to earth, married a
human and taught man how to fish with barbs.
In Dakota mythology, Wakinyan is the thunder-spirit.
In Sioux mythology, Wakonda is the Great Spirit.
Walpurgisnacht is the German festival celebrated on May the 1st. It is the time
when the witches of Central Europe rendezvous in the Harz Mountains, circling
around the bare peak of the Brocken plotting evil. The festival is named after
In Balinese mythology, Waruna is the god of oceans, sea, rain and water who
rules the west and is married to Durga.
In Javanese mythology, Watu Gunung was a king who unwittingly married his own
In Australian Aborigine mythology, the Whowie is the most terrible creature in
existence. twenty feet long with six legs and the head of a frog and a tail. He
would attack and devour anything that came his way.
In Australian mythology, Woo was a strange man like creature with a single arm
formed from two arms and a single leg formed from two legs. He was an expert
marksman and adept at balance.
In Kwakiutl mythology, Yagis is a sea monster that overturns canoes and eats
In Canaanite mythology, Yarikh was the moon god.
In Japanese mythology, yata is the star-mirror of the sun goddess.
In Australian Aborigne mythology, Yee-Na-Pah is a beautiful mountain devil girl
chosen by In-Nard-Dooah for his wife.
In Javanese mythology, Yudistira is the eldest of the Pandawas. He is the ideal
of the righteous brother, the fair fighter, the conscientious just ruler. He is
married to Drupadi.
In Babylonian mythology, Zu is an evil lesser-god who steals the tablets of
destiny from Enlil while he was washing, and flies away to his mountain. He was
killed by Lugalbanda who was sent by the gods to retrieve the tables of destiny.