Norse

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Aegir

In Norse mythology, Aegir was the god of the sea, seashore and ocean and a son

of Mistarblindi. He was a personification of the ocean, both good and bad. He

caused storms with his anger and the skalds said a ship went into "Aegir's wide

jaws" when it wrecked. Aegir was crowned with seaweed and always surrounded by

nixies and mermaids while in his hall. Aegir's wife was Ran and they lived

under the sea by the island Hlesey. Ran and Aegir had nine daughters who were

the waves. Aegir brewed ale for the gods after Thor brought him a big enough

kettle. Every winter the gods would drink beer at Aegir's home. He was,

therefore, famed for his hospitality. Gold was put onto the floor of the hall

to provide light, instead of having a fire. Gold is therefore called Aegir's

fire. The cups in Aegir's hall were always full, magically refilling

themselves. Aegir had two servants in his hall, Fimafeng and Eldir. Sailors

feared Aegir, and thought he would sometimes surface to destroy ships. Early

Saxons made human sacrifices to a god of the sea, possibly connected with Aegir.


Aesir

The Aesir were the principal gods in Norse mythology. They lived in Asgard.


Alb

In Teutonic and Scandinavian mythology and folklore, an Alb (Alp or Alf) was a

kind of being believed to have existed contemporaneously with man differing

from man in some respects. The elf king Alfrigg or Elberich was an Alb.


Alf

see "Alb"


Alp

see "Alb"


Alta

Alta was the giant mother of Heimdall.


Angrbotha

In Norse mythology, Angrbotha is the prophetic death goddess. The iron wood hag

and Ogress of Giantland. A worker of calamity.


Asgard

In Norse mythology Asgard was the home of the gods.


Asynjr

In Norse mythology, Asynjr is the generic term for female giants.


Audhumla

In Norse mythology, Audhumla was the cow whose milk nourished the giant Ymir,

and his race.


Balder

In Norse mythology, Balder was the son of Odin and Freya and husband of Nanna,

and the best, wisest, and most loved of all the gods. He was killed, at Loki's

instigation, by a twig of mistletoe shot by the blind god Hodur.


Berserker

In Norse mythology, a berserker was a warrior whose frenzy in battle

transformed him into a wolf or bear howling and foaming at the mouth, and

rendered him immune to sword and flame.


Bertha

In Norse mythology, Bertha is the goddess of spinning.


Bor

In Norse mythology, Bor was a son of Buri and married to Bestla, and father of

Odin, Vili, and Ve.


Bragi

In Norse mythology, Bragi is the god of poetry and eloquence. He was married to

the goddess Iduna who dwelt in the underworld.


Brono

In Norse mythology, Brono was the son of Baldr. He was the god of daylight.


Buri

In Norse mythology, Buri was the first god formed by Audumla licking ice. He

was the father of Bor.


Bylgja

In Norse mythology, Bylgja is a daughter of Aegir and Ran.


Edda

In Norse mythology, Edda was the goddess of myth and oral history and the

inspiration of poets. From her came those who work the land.


Eir

In Norse mythology, Eir was a goddess of healing, and considered the best

doctor. She taught her art to women who were the only physicians in ancient

Scandinavia.


Farbanti

In Norse mythology Farbanti was a giant who ferried the dead over the waters to

the underworld. He was the father of Loki.


Fenris

In Norse mythology, Fenris was the monstrous wolf of the god Loki. Fenris

swallowed the god Odin but was stabbed to death by Odin's son, Vidar.


Forseti

In Norse mythology, Forseti is a god of justice. He is the son of Balder and

Nanna and lives at Glitnir.


Freya

In Norse mythology, Freya (Freyja) is the goddess of love, fertility, war, and

wealth. Originally one of the Vanir. She was the daughter of Njord, and the

sister of Frey. She lived in Folkvang and each day chose half of the slain

warriors to split with Odin.


Freyja

see "Freya"


Freyr

In Norse mythology, Freyr was Odin in another form as the god of rain, sunshine

and fruits. He married Gredr.


Frigg

In Norse mythology, Frigg is the goddess of marriage. She is the wife of Odin,

and lives at Fensalir. She weaved the clouds.


Fulla

In Norse mythology, Fulla was attendant to Frigg taking care of the goddess's

shoes. She also, sometimes, functions as Frigg's messenger.


Garm

In Norse mythology, Garm is a hound which stands in front of Hel's home and

snarls with jaws dripping blood at the pilgrims from the upper world.


Gefjon

In Norse mythology, Gefjon is a prophetic virgin goddess and a member of the

Aesir and Vanir. All women who die virgins go to her hall. She was also a

fertility goddess. In one myth, Gylfi, king of Sweden, tells Gefjon, who was

disguised as a beggar, that she could have as much of Sweden as she could

plough with four oxen in one day. She traveled to Jotunheim and found her four

oxen sons whom she had by a giant. She returned to Sweden in Midgard with her

sons and ploughed all of the land now known as Zealand so it became part of

Denmark, thereby tricking Gylfi.


Gerd

In Norse mythology, Gerd is a giant goddess of light. She is the most beautiful

of all creatures.


Ginnunggap

In Norse mythology, Ginnunggap was the Yawning Void.


Gioll

In Norse mythology, Gioll was a river which surrounded the underworld, Hel.


Gladsheim

In Norse mythology, Gladsheim was the mansion in Asgard where the gods lived.


Gleipnir

In Norse mythology, Gleipnir is the chain which bounds Fenris. It is made from

the footfalls of cats, the beards of women, the roots of mountains and the

breath of fish.


Gna

In Norse mythology, Gna was a handmaiden of Frigg who sent her on errands.


Gold-comb

In Norse mythology, Gold-comb is the cock who shall crow when ragnarok comes.


Gotterdammerung

In Norse mythology, Gotterdammerung is the end of the world.


Gulltopr

In Norse mythology, Gulltopr was the horse of Heimdall.


Gullveig

In Norse mythology, Gullveig was the thrice-born and thrice-burnt virgin. The

Aesir's attempt to kill her brought about the first war in the world (the Vanir

against the Aesir) which the Vanir won.


Gungnir

In Norse mythology, Gungnir is Odin's spear, obtained from the Dwarves by Loki

for Odin.


Gunlad

In Norse mythology, Gunlad was the giant mother of poetry.


Heimdall

In Norse mythology, Heimdall was the watchman of the bridge, Bifrost, which led

to the underworld.

He watches for the coming of the frost giants at the Ragnarok, at which time he

will sound his horn Gjallar.


Hel

Hel (Hela) was the Norse goddess of the underworld. She was a daughter of Loki

and the giant Angurboda, and the sister of Fenrir and Jormungand.


Hela

see "Hel"


Hermod

In Norse mythology, Hermod is a messenger of the gods. He rode to Hel's realm

after the death of Balder to try and convince her to let Balder come back from

the dead.


Hlin

In Norse mythology, Hlin is a form of the goddess Frigg charged with protecting

those men who Frigg wants kept safe.


Hod

see "Hodur"


Hodur

In Norse mythology, Hodur (Hod) was a son of Odin. The blind god of winter, who

is tricked by Loki into killing Balder. Vali avenged Balder's death by killing

Hodur.


Hoenir

In Norse mythology, after the war between the Aesir and the Vanir, Hoenir was

sent as a hostage to the Vanir and gave sense to the first humans.


Hresvelgr

In Norse mythology, Hresvelgr is a giant who lives in the extreme north and the

motion of whose wings causes wind and tempest.


Huldra

In Norse mythology, Huldra was a form of the goddess Frigg, who was attended by

wood nymphs.


Hunin

In Norse mythology, Hunin was a raven of thought which sat upon Odin's shoulder

and brought him news everyday of what was occuring in the world.


Iduna

In Norse mythology, Iduna was the wife of Bragi. She kept golden apples in a

box which the gods ate to keep themselves young.


Jord

In Norse mythology, Jord is an earth goddess and the mother of Thor and Frigg.


Jormungandr

In Norse mythology, Jormungandr is the great dragon which lives in the

Ocean-stream which runs around Midgard.


Jotunheim

In Norse mythology, Jotunheim is the abode of the giants. It is on the edge of

the ocean far to the north east.


Kolga

In Norse mythology, Kolga is a daughter of Aegir and Ran.


Lodur

In Norse mythology, Lodur gave appearance and speech to the first humans.


Lofn

In Norse mythology, Lofn was a goddess concerned with sparking passionate love.

She had permission from Odin and Frigg to do so even for those who were

forbidden to marry.


Loki

In Norse mythology, Loki was one of the Aesir (the principal gods), but the

cause of dissension among the gods, and the slayer of Balder. He became a

member of the Aesir when Odin made Loki his blood brother. His children are the

Midgard serpent Jormungander, which girdles the Earth; the wolf Fenris; and

Hela, goddess of death.


Magni

In Norse mythology, Magni is a son of Thor, he will survive the Ragnarok.


Mimir

In Norse mythology, Mimir was a god of wisdom and knowledge. He dwelt by the

ash-tree Yggdrasil.


Modi

In Norse mythology, Modi is a son of Thor, he will survive the Ragnarok.


Munin

In Norse mythology, Munin was a raven of memory which sat on Odin's shoulder

and along with Hunin brought Odin news each day of what was occuring in the

world.


Nanna

In Norse mythology, Nanna is a moon goddess. She is the wife of Balder and

mother of Forseti. She died of heartache after Balder's death and was burned

with him on his funeral boat.


Nastrand

In Norse mythology, Nastrand was the worst region of hell. It's roofs and doors

were wattled with hissing snakes, ejecting poison and it was through this that

murderers and perjurers were forced to wade as punishment.


Nidhogg

In Norse mythology, Nidhogg is a dragon which devours the corpses of evil

doers. He lives in Hwergelmir, in the realm of Hel.


Niflheim

In Norse mythology, Niflheim was a world of ice and darkness centered on an icy

spring which existed before creation. As its waters met the fire of the other

primeval world Muspell they formed the giant Ymir and started creation.


Njord

In Norse mythology, Njord is a sea god of fruitfulness who lives in Noa-tun.


Norn

In Norse mythology, the Norn were three goddesses of fate - the goddess of the

past (Urd), the goddess of the present (Verdandi), and the goddess of the

future (Skuld).


Norns

In Norse mythology, the Norns were three sisters responsible for the destiny of

individuals and gods.


Odin

Odin was chief god of Norse mythology. A sky god, he lived in Asgard, at the

top of the world-tree, and from the Valkyries receives the souls of half of the

heroic slain warriors, feasting with them in his great hall, Valhalla; the rest

are feasted by Freya his wife.


Ogres

In Norse mythology, Ogres are creatures who make the storms and who with their

iron clubs strike the earth and send it flying into the air.


Outgard

In Norse mythology, Outgard is the home of giants and monsters.


Ragnarok

In Norse mythology, ragnarok is the ultimate battle between good and evil from

which a new order will come.


Ran

In Norse mythology Ran is the giant wife of Aegir. It is she who uses a net to

draw the sailors of sinking ships to their doom.


Runes

The runes are the letters of the alphabet peculiar to the ancient Teutonic

peoples of north west Europe. There are 3 runic alphabets; the Norse, with 16

characters, the Anglo-Saxon with 40 and the German. Saxon tradition ascribes

the invention of the runes to Woden. Their use reduced under christianity

because of their connection with magic. They were used for casting spells as

well as divining the future.


Runic wand

A runic wand was a smooth willow wand inscribed with runic characters (runes).


Saga

In Norse mythology, Saga was the daughter of Odin. She was the goddess of

poetry.


Seidr

Seidr was a form of Norse magic ascribed to Odin and Gullveig. It was mainly

used for harmful purposes.


Sif

In Norse mythology, Sif was a goddess of crops and fertility, married married

to Thor.


Sjofn

In Norse mythology, Sjofn (Vjofn) was a goddess concerned with causing men and

women to think of love. It was her duty to stop fights between married couples.


Skadi

In Norse mythology, Skadi was a mountain giantess. A goddess on skis. The

snow-shoe goddess of winter and hunting.


Skuld

In Norse mythology, Skuld was the Norn of the future.


Sleipnir

In Norse mythology, Sleipnir was the swift horse ridden by Odin.


Snotra

In Norse mythology, Snotra was a wise and gentle goddess who knew the value of

self-discipline.


Surtr

In Norse mythology, Surtr was a giant who lived in the extreme south, and whose

flaming sword guarded the bounds of Muspelheim.


Syn

In Norse mythology, Syn was a goddess invoked by defendents at a trial. She was

an attendant of Frigg, guarding the door of Frigg's palace.


Thiassi

In Norse mythology, Thiassi was a giant who slay Thor and cast his eyes up into

heaven where they shone thereafter as stars.


Thor

In Norse mythology, Thor was the son of Odin, husband of Sif, and a member of

the Aesir, he was the god of thunder and the main enemy of the giants, smashing

their heads with his mighty hammer Mjollnir which to wield he needed iron

gloves and a belt of strength. Mjollnir would return to Thor's hand after being

thrown and was symbolic of lightning. Thor rode around middle-earth in his

wagon which was drawn by two goats. He lived at Thruthheim in his hall,

Bilskinir. He was foremost of the gods to the common man, who would call on him

to ensure fertility, and widely worshiped. Hammer shaped amulets, a symbol of

Thor because it was his weapon, were worn about the neck well into the

christianization of Scandinavia.


Thrud

In Norse mythology, Thrud was a daughter of Thor. The dwarf Alvis wanted to

marry her but Thor tricked him into being above ground when the sun came up

thus turning him into stone.


Troll

In Icelandic mythology, Trolls were a race of giants. They appear in various

Northern mythologies. In Norse mythology Trolls are represented as a type of

goblin.


Tyr

In Norse mythology, Tyr was the god of war and athletic sports. Tyr had one

hand bitten off by the wolf Fenris, after he put it in the wolve's mouth as a

pledge of security when the wolf allowed himself to be bound in a net until the

judgement day.


Ulle

In Norse mythology, Ulle (Ull) is the god of the chase, archery and hunting.

His weapon was a longbow made out of Yew and he lived in Ydal. He was called

upon for help in duels. He was the son of Thor and Sif


Urd

In Norse mythology, Urd was the Norn of the past.


Valhalla

In Norse mythology valhalla is the paradise where the souls of dead warriors go

to.


Vali

In Norse mythology, Vali was the youngest of Odin's sons. His mother was the

giantess Rind and he was born for the express purpose of avenging Balder's

death - since the gods could not kill one of their own. When he was only one

night old, he killed Hodur. He will be one of the seven Aesir to survive the

ragnarok.


Var

In Norse mythology, Var is a goddess who punishes those who do not keep their

marriage vows.


Ve

In Norse mythology, Ve was a son of Bor and Bestla. Ve Killed the giant Ymir

and created the world out of its carcass along with his brothers. He gave the

first humans feeling, appearance, and speech.


Verdandi

In Norse mythology, Verdandi was the Norn of the present.


Vidar

In Norse mythology, Vidar was a son of Odin and Grid, and had a twin brother

named Vali. He dwelled in Vidi and was one of the strongest of the gods and was

considered a god of vengance. It was said that in the ragnarok he would avenge

his father by killing Fenris. He is one of the Aesir who will survive the final

battle.


Vili

In Norse mythology, Vili was a son of Bor and Bestla and a brother of Odin and

Ve. Together with Odin and Ve, he killed the giant Ymir, created the cosmos out

of Ymir's carcass and made the first man and woman. He gave the humans thought

and motion.


Vingulf

In Norse mythology, Vingulf was the mansion in Asgard where the godesses lived.


Vithar

In Norse mythology, Vithar was the god second in strength to Thor, and who

would kill the wolf Fenris by wrentching the wolve's jaws asunder.


Vjofn

see "Sjofn"


Vor

In Norse mythology Vor was a goddess of marriage and contracts from whom

nothing could be hidden because shewas so wise.


Woden

Woden was the Anglo-Saxon form of the name of the god called Odin by the Norse.


Yggdrasil

In Norse mythology, Yggdrasil is the oldest of all trees. It stands in the

centre of the world and divides the planes.


Ymir

In Norse mythology Ymir is a giant. In the beginning there was just Ymir and

Ginnunggap. Ymir was slain by Odin, Vili and Ve and out of his blood they made

the sea, out of his flesh the earth and out of his bones the rocks and out of

his skull the cavity of heaven.

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